ognizant Communication Corporation



Tourism, Culture & Communication, Vol. 8, pp. 1-11
1098-304X/08 $60.00 + .00
Copyright © 2008 Cognizant Comm. Corp.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

Ethnicity, Heritage, and Visitor Attractions: Singapore's Taman Warisan Melayu

Joan Henderson

Nanyang Business School, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

The subject of the article is a new heritage center in Singapore, incorporating a museum, which is dedicated to the Malays who represent one of the country's various ethnic groups. Museum exhibits and narratives are discussed within the wider context of sociocultural and political conditions and forces, the interpretation and presentation of material shown to reflect these influences. Such visitor attractions are seen to serve a number of purposes and can be harnessed to the task of nation building in relatively young countries of mixed ethnicity, a function which has hegemonic implications. The discussion is based on an analysis of published data and fieldwork at the site.

Key words: Ethnic cultures; Museums; Nation building; Singapore

Address correspondence to Joan Henderson, Nanyang Business School, Nanyang Technological University, Nanyang Ave, Singapore 639798. Tel: 65-6790-6116; Fax: 65-6791-3697; E-mail: ahenderson@ntu.edu.sg

Tourism, Culture & Communication, Vol. 8, pp. 13-26
1098-304X/08 $60.00 + .00
Copyright © 2008 Cognizant Comm. Corp.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

"I Decided to Invest in My Kids' Memories": Family Vacations, Memories, and the Social Construction of the Family

Susan M. Shaw,1 Mark E. Havitz,1 and Fern M. Delemere2

1University of Waterloo, Canada
2Concordia University, Canada

This article explores the cultural significance of family vacations and the role that these vacations play in the social construction of the family. Based on a series of semistructured interviews with members of families living in Ontario, Canada, the article examines the meanings and experiences associated with family vacations for parents of school aged children. Family vacations were seen as a form of escape from the pressures of everyday life, even though they involved organizational and emotional work, especially for mothers. Family vacations were valued as an opportunity for family togetherness and for improving patterns of family communication. Of particular importance was the long-term goal of creating memories that would enhance family cohesion and construct and support a positive sense of family. The findings indicate that the cultural meanings associated with family vacations, at least for these Canadian families, may be different in some important ways from other forms of tourism.

Key words: Family vacations; Families; Memories; Social construction

Address correspondence Susan Shaw, Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Waterloo, Burt Matthews Hall, 200 University Avenue W., Ontario, Canada N2L 3G1. Tel: 519-888-4567; Fax: 519-886-2440; E-mail: sshaw@healthy.uwaterloo.ca

Tourism, Culture & Communication, Vol. 8, pp. 27-43
1098-304X/08 $60.00 + .00
Copyright © 2008 Cognizant Comm. Corp.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

Novel Insights Into the Identity Changes Among Backpackers

Philip L. Pearce1 and Darya Maoz2

1James Cook University, Queensland Australia
2The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel

Studies of contemporary fiction represents another pathway in the representations and understanding of the challenges confronting sets of young budget travelers. Six popular novels about backpackers, three written in English and three in Hebrew, form the canon of information used in this analysis of identity and motivational concerns of backpackers. By using the tools of discourse analysis and a search for thematic commonalities and directed by the recommended good practices in using these techniques, the novels were found to highlight the centrality of relationships, drug use and, to a lesser extent, danger and violence. Additionally the importance of inactivity and an understanding of doing nothing were also highlighted. These themes link to, extend, and potentially direct current social science research about this specific travel group.

Key words: Fiction; Discourse analysis; Experience themes; Backpacker studies

Address correspondence to Philip Pearce, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland 4811, Australia. Tel: 61-7-4781-4762; Fax: 61-7-4781-4019; E-mail: Philip.pearce@jcu.edu.au.

Tourism, Culture & Communication, Vol. 8, pp. 45-52
1098-304X/08 $60.00 + .00
Copyright © 2008 Cognizant Comm. Corp.
Printed in the USA. All rights reserved.

Farewell Countercultural Wanderer? Dress and Styles in South Asian Backpacking

Petri Hottola

Finnish University Network for Tourism Studies
University of Joensuu, Savonlinna, Finland

The word "backpacker" produces a particular image in our minds, and is often thought of as a countercultural wanderer dressed in "ethnic" styles. Over time, backpacking has progressively widened its sociocultural base and "drifters" are being consigned to the margins. The transition has only been acknowledged recently, though the seeds of the change were planted decades ago. Previously unpublished research on the dress and styles of 112 backpackers, collected during the 1990s, provided insights into the changes that have occurred in South Asia. On the "beaten track" of international travel, it can be difficult to separate backpackers from conventional tourists if one relies on their appearance. While alternative developments are also occurring, "mainstream" backpacking appears to be increasingly conformist with its new styles and interests.

Key words: Tourism; Backpacking; Dress; South Asia

Address correspondence to Petri Hottola, Finnish University Network for Tourism Studies, University of Joensuu, PO Box 78, FIN-57101, Savonlinna, Finland. Tel: 358-15-511-7875; E-mail: petri.hottola@joensuu.fi