Technology & Innovation : Journal of the National Academy of Inventors

Editors: Paul R. Sanberg & Howard J. Federoff

ISSN: 1949-8241; E-ISSN: 1949-825X


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Aims & Scope

The journal TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION - Journal of the National Academy of Inventors™ is a forum for presentation of information encompassing essentially the entire field of applied sciences with a focus on transformative technology and academic innovation. Owing to the broad nature of the applied sciences, authors should be guided by the interest of the readers who are likely to be knowledgeable non-specialist scholars. Contributions containing the following information will be considered for publication:

  • Description of advances in transformative technology and translational science
  • Critical assessments of a segment of science, engineering, medicine, or other technologies
  • Economics of a technology, governmental and policy action, and innovation as related to intellectual property
  • Environmental (including human health) impact of various technologies
  • Articles on historical, societal, ethical, and related aspects of science, engineering, medicine, or technology, provided they are written for the scientific community and in a style compatible with a scientific journal
  • Articles should have a discussion on the process of innovation and invention
Because TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION serves a multidisciplinary audience, authors are urged to avoid writing for specialists. In particular, they are discouraged from using expressions that are understandable only to a select audience of specialists. For example, mathematical expressions should be explained in words to assure their appreciation by nonmathematicians. All contributions will be subjected to peer review, and will be evaluated on the basis of their general usefulness for the readers including scientific quality, originality, and compliance with the style and format of the journal. The following categories of contributions will be considered for publication:

Articles: Most articles will be review format with no minimum or maximum length. The journal subscribes to the concept that the length of an article is determined by its content. 

Commentaries and Discussions: (Letters to the editor, editorials, and similar contributions also fall into this category.) These are subjected to peer review and are required to follow TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION format and style, and must be consistent with the requirements of a scholarly journal. The discussion of contested areas of science where a consensus is lacking is included in this category. Commentaries are shorter than regular manuscripts and must contain information that is likely to invoke scientific discussion with the objective of promoting the development of a consensus.

Patent Reviews: New patents of interest to the readers of TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION are included in this category.

Book Reviews on Innovation and Technology: Solicited or unsolicited short reviews of relevant books and issued patents are considered for publication in this category.

Submitting Articles

Submissions to TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION should be made via email to This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it . Provide separate files for text and figures/tables. Text submissions must be in English, in an editable Microsoft Word-compatible electronic file, typed, double-spaced, formatted for 22 x 28 cm (8.5 x 11 in) with a margin of 2.5-3 cm (1 in) at the top, sides, and bottom of each page.

Technology & Innovation is available as an Open Access journal for a fee of $1,000.00 for up to ten pages and $150.00 for each additional page. Color is available at $250.00 per color. The fee entitles you to a free PDF of the final version.

Title Page: Each paper should include a title page with the title of the paper, name(s) of author(s), and complete affiliation(s). Provide a short title to be used as running head. Indicate the author to whom correspondence and proofs should be addressed, and provide a complete mailing address, with phone, fax, and e-mail address.

Title: The title should be as short as possible, but fully descriptive.

Abstract and Key Words: The abstract should contain a summary of the paper, including its results. Because many abstracting services use the abstract without reference to the content, the authors are urged to provide the essence of the paper in the 200 words allocated for the abstract. Provide 3 to 6 key words after the abstract.

Tables and Figures should be understandable without excessive reference to the text; particularly, units and quantities should be clearly identified. In general, material should be presented in tables or figures, but not in both. Avoid very wide or long figures and tables that would not fit on a printed page.

Figures: All figures must be high-quality art work in electronic format. Figures should be submitted separately from the text, in two files: (1) an editable file that is Microsoft Office-compatible (e.g., Word, PowerPoint, Excel), for editing, and (2) a high-resolution PDF or JPG format, to show how the figure should appear when published (no TIF files). Lettering should be large enough to be readable when reduced to fit page or column size. Avoid light lettering and gray shading. Cite all figures sequentially in the text and provide a legend for all figures on a separate page at the end of the manuscript (do not incorporate legends as part of the figure). NOTE: if you are unable to submit figures in the required electronic file formats, you must provide excellent print quality hard copies of all figures. There is a charge to print figures in color. Do not provide figures in color if they will not be reproduced in color.

Tables: Present each table on a separate page at the end of the manuscript or in a separate file. Provide a short title for each table. Cite all tables sequentially in the text. Follow the Figures instructions above for submitting tables.

Equations: All equations should be typewritten. Mathematical notations should be simple and suitable for a multidisciplinary audience. For example, fractions within fractions, and subscripts within subscripts should be avoided. Where possible, incorporate equations into the text, rather than as a separate figure.

Units, Quantities, and Abbreviations: Use SI (metric) units and international quantities and abbreviations. Equivalent values in other systems may be used, provided their metric equivalents are included in every case. Note that percent, ppm, and ppb are not metric units.

Footnotes: Avoid text footnotes. Footnote material should be incorporated into the text for the benefit of the readers, editors, and printers.

Acknowledgement: If an acknowledgement is necessary, it should not contain lengthy descriptions of the reason for the acknowledgement.

Financial Disclosure: The authors should indicate any financial or other relationships with the information in the article.

References: Within the text, references should be cited with numbers in parentheses. At the end of the manuscript, provide the references in a numbered alphabetical list. Follow the style of the examples below:

1. Addison, R. R.; Fetcenko, M. A.; Ross, J. A. Nickel metal hydride for electric vehicles. Science 260:176-179; 1993.

2. Bhushan, J. P.; Morones, H. S. Nanotechnology through biology: Benchmarks for high performance applications. Nature 393:330-442; 1999.

3. Henderson, P. Inorganic geochemistry. New York, NY: Pergamon Press; 1982.

4. National Research Council. Biologic markers in immunology. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1992.

Book Chapter
5. Rajotte, R. V.; Lakey, J. R. T.; Warnock, G. L. Adult islet cryopreservation. In: Ricordi, C., ed. Methods in cell transplantation. Austin, TX: R. G. Landes Co.; 1995:517–524.

Proceedings or Edited Book
6. Swedjemark, G. A.; Midnes, L. Exposure of the Swedish population to radon daughters. In: Berglund, B.; Lindvall, T.; Sundell, J., eds. Proc. 3rd international conference on indoor air quality and climate, vol. 2. Stockholm: Swedish Council for Building Research; 1984:37-43.

7. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. National primary drinking water regulations: fluoride. 40 CFR Parts 141, 142, and 143. Fed. Reg. 50:47142-48933; 1985.

Electronic/Online Sources
8. Working Group on Peer Review of the Advisory Committee to the Director of the NIH. ENhancing the peer review at NIH. Retrieved June 2009 from

The designated corresponding author will receive a proof of their article in PDF format via email before publication and should carefully check all editorial changes. Corrections at this stage should be limited to printer's errors and minor changes. No major changes or rewrites are allowed.

Offprints can be ordered on an Offprint Order Form, which will accompany proofs. The author filling in the order form should make sure that all co-authors’ needs for reprints are incorporated into the total order. Offprint order forms must be received before printing in order to qualify for lower prepublication rates.

Open Access: An Open Access option is available from the publisher. Authors may choose to make their articles available for free download by paying a fee. Information regarding cost will be provided with proofs.

Copyright: If data from any other source is used in tables or figures it is the responsibility of the author(s) to obtain permission to reproduce such material. Provide proof that permission has been granted from the original publisher and indicate the source.

For any questions relating to the formatting or submitting of manuscripts please contact:

Ginger Johnson, Managing Editor or Diana Vergara, Editorial Assistant: Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ; Tel: +1-813-974-1347;
Fax: +1-813-974-3348

The publishers and editorial board of Technology and Innovation have adopted the publication ethics and malpractice statements of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) ( These guidelines highlight what is expected of authors and what they can expect from the reviewers and editorial board in return. They also provide details of how problems will be handled. Briefly:

Author Responsibilities:
Authors listed on a manuscript must have made a significant contribution to the study and/or writing of the manuscript. During revisions, authors cannot be removed without their permission and that of the other authors. All authors must also agree to the addition of new authors.  It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that this occurs.

Financial support and conflicts of interest for all authors must be declared.  Further information on this can be obtained from the International Committee for Medical Journal Editors (

The reported research must be novel and authentic and the authors should confirm that the same data has not been and is not going to be submitted to another journal (unless already rejected).  Statements made in the introduction and discussion should be supported by appropriate references and sufficient experimental detail should be provided to allow for repetition of the study by another group. Plagiarism of the text/data will not be tolerated and could result in retraction of an accepted article. Any text or figures reproduced for another source require the permission of the original copyright holders (normally the publishers).

Any manipulation of figures should be equally applied and described in the text including pseudocoloring and must not change the meaning of the figure.

When humans, animals or tissue derived from them have been used, then mention of the appropriate ethical approval must be included in the manuscript.

Reviewer Responsibilities: Reviewers are expected to not possess any conflicts of interest with the authors and research. They should review the science objectively and provide recommendations for improvements where necessary. When aware of relevant published work not being cited, the reviewers should recommend inclusion of these references.  If the reviewer feels that they would be unable to repeat the study as described, then additional methodological details should be requested. Any unpublished information read by a reviewer should be treated as confidential.

Editorial Responsibilities: The section editors are expected to select an appropriate number of reviewers for the manuscript so that they can make an informed decision about whether to reject/accept a manuscript. Their decision must be based only on the paper’s importance, originality and clarity and whether it is suitable for the journal. They must not have a conflict of interest with the authors or work described. The anonymity of the reviewers must be maintained.

Should problems come to light after acceptance then the editors agree to promote the publication of corrections and/or retractions as deemed necessary.

Publishing Responsibilities: The publishers agree to ensure that to the best of their abilities, the information that they publish is genuine and ethically sound. If publishing ethics issues come to light, not limited to accusations of fraudulent data or plagiarism, during or after the publication process, they will be investigated by the editorial board including contact with the author’s institutions if necessary, so that a decision on the appropriate corrections, clarifications or retractions can be made. The publishers agree to publish this as necessary so as to maintain the integrity of the academic record.

(Scroll down to view tables of contents for all Volumes and Issues)

Volume 17, Number 4


The Fourth Annual Conference of the NAI and More 145
Eric R. Fossum and Nasser Arshadi

Highlights From the Fourth Annual Conference of the National Academy of Inventors 147
Kimberly A. Macuare and Morteza Gharib

Basic Science to Blockbuster Drug: Invention of Pregabalin (Lyrica
®) 153
Richard B. Silverman

Global Patterns of Innovation in 2013 159
Ashley J. Stevens

The Critical Role of Failure in the Innovation Process: How Failures Help Inventors Succeed 169
Yolanda Leslie Comedy and Sorin Grama

Wireless Health Sensors for In Vivo Diagnostics 177
Muhammad Rahman, Meisam Nazari, Mehmet Sencan, Samson Chen, Xio Madera, and Axel Scherer


The NAI Fellow Profile: An Interview With Dr. Steven Chu 187
Steven Chu and Kimberly A. Macuare


Invention: Does Gender Matter? 193
Philippa Olsen

Consideration of Technology Transfer in Tenure and Promotion 197
Judy Genshaft, Jonathan Wickert, Bernadette Gray-Little, Karen Hanson, Richard Marchase, Peter E. Schiffer, and R. Michael Tanner

Creating a Culture of Invention: Fostering Student Innovation and Invention Through Proactive Intellectual Property Policy and Practice 205
Phil Weilerstein and Nathalie Duval Couetil

The Protocol-Provided Clinical Research Model as an Evolving Research Opportunity for Community-Based Hospitals and Health Care Facilities 211
Harry W. Severance and Kevin M. Spiegel

Innovations in Groundwater Management: Smart Markets for Transferable Groundwater Extraction Rights 219
Richael K. Young and Nicholas Brozović

Volume 17 Subject and Author Index 227

Volume 17, Number 3


Introduction: New Insights Into Long-Standing Issues 85
Paul R. Sanberg and Howard J. Federoff

Recognizing Humanitarian Vision: 2015 Patents for Humanity Awards 87
Edward Elliott and Alex Camarota

Asbestos Exposures Associated With Motorcycle Riding and Hiking on Asbestos-Containing Soils: Risk of Asbestos-Related Cancer 93
Richard Wilson, John Kelse, G. L. Nord, R. P. Nolan, and A. M. Langer

Prevalence of Serial Inventors Within Academia 113
Richard Kordal, Dexter Cahoy, Beatrix Koev, and Eric A. Sherer


The Critical Role of Review Criteria in Independent Peer Review 127
A. Alan Moghissi, Dennis McBride, Lauren Amangero, Matthew Amin, Daliha AqbalMalerie Briseno, Nicole Carloni, Hannah Choi, Ruby Dehkharghani, Brianne Farmer, Kasra Khamooshi, Anna Pavy, Patricia Rivera-Aquino, Joseph Varco, and Charisse Winston

Assessment of Organic Versus Conventional Food Using Best Available Science Concept and Metrics Derived From It 135
A. Alan Moghissi, Dennis K. McBride, Paige Mariko Garcia, Ching-Wei Chen, and Samantha Das

Volume 17, Numbers 1/2


Introduction: Perspective on Water 1
Vimal Chaitanya and Frederic Zenhausern

It’s Going to Take More Innovation Than Technology to Increase Water Conservation Practices 5
Liz Felter, Tracy Irani, Paul Monaghan, Hannah Carter, and Michael Dukes

Biodegradable Foams and Edible Films: From Purified Proteins to Aqueous Feedstocks of Designed Polypeptides 21
Donald T. Haynie


Commentary: Patent Prosecution Highway—Fast Track Examination of Applications 37
Daniel Hunter

Traits and Roles of Jonas Kamlet, Pioneering Chemistry Consultant, as a Guide to Contemporary Inventors 41
Dean F. Martin and Autumn S. Thompson

A General Survey of Telesurgical Advances in Otolaryngology 49
Alisha R. Bonaroti and K. Paul Boyev

Scientific Ethics: Emphasizing Regulatory Science Requirements 61
A. Alan Moghissi, Nikita A. GurudasShiqian Pei, Dennis K. McBride, and Michael S. Swetnam

The 2014 Fellows of the National Academy of Inventors Inducted at the NAI Fourth Annual Conference 75
Keara Leach

Volume 16, Numbers 3-4


Editorial: Proceedings of the Third Annual Conference of the National Academy of Inventors 171
Nasser Arshadi and Eric R. Fossum

The Lemelson Center’s Places of Invention Project 175
Arthur P. Molella and Monica M. Smith

Invention: The Invisible Hero 187
Yolanda Leslie Comedy

Innovative Regenerative Engineering Technologies for Soft Tissue Regeneration 195
Roshan James, Matthew D. Harmon, Sangamesh G. Kumbar, and Cato T. Laurencin

PowerBridgeNY: A Cleantech Proof-of-Concept Center 215
Kurt H. Becker, Orin Herskowitz, Micah J. Kotch, Emily Wheeler, James Aloise, Julia Byrd, and Jeffrey M. Peterson

Engineers and Scientists: Value Creators in the Seven-Phased Model of Technological Innovation 223
Paul Swamidass


Health Implications of Nanotechnology in Medicine 233
Anastasia GroshevAnjali A. HiraniAditya Grover, Yashwant V. Pathak, and Vijaykumar B. Sutariya

Tackling Big Problems With Small Particles: Nano-Based Rapid Biosensors for Detecting Sexually Transmitted Infections in Sub-Saharan Africa 249
LaRon E. Nelson, Chia T. ThachYashwant V. Pathak, and Yaw Adu-Sarkodie

Leadership Role of Nanotechnology Innovation in Economic Development and Governmental Policy 259
Samuel M. Rapaka, Anastasia GroshevYashwant V. Pathak, and Vijaykumar B. Sutariya


Nonexistent Compounds as a Guide to Innovation 271
Dean F. Martin and Barbara B. Martin

Volume 16 Subject and Author Index 277

Volume 16, Number 2


Editorial: Patents for Humanity: How Universities and Government Are Reaching the Next Billion People 93
Edward Elliott

Collaborative Innovation to Advance Global Health Solutions 99
Carol Mimura

Patent for a Humanitarian Cause: SIGN Fracture Care International 107
Lewis G. Zirkle

The World’s Only Solar Light Bulb: Patented by Nokero to Protect a Design That Uses Light to Fight Energy Poverty 115
Katie Steinharter

Persistence, a Working Innovation System, and Patent Protection: Characteristics of the Successful Commercialization of Two Recognized Inventions With High Societal and Economic Impact 125
Alfred Radauer


The Kamlet Laboratories Client Companies: Lessons Learned for Trying Times 137
Dean F. Martin and Barbara B. Martin

Priority, Piracy, and Printed Directions: James Yearsley’s Patenting of the Artificial Tympanum 145
Jaipreet Virdi-Dhesi

Innovation in Regulatory Science: Evolution of a New Scientific Discipline 155
A. Alan Moghissi, Sorin R. Straja, Betty R. Love, Dennis K. Bride, and Roger R. Stough

Developing New Pathways for Clinical Research Through the Changing Environment of 21st Century Healthcare 167
Harry W. Severance

Volume 16, Number 1


Editorial: Technology and Innovation in Rural Regions: Not Just About Fancy Tractors
Kumi Nagamoto-Combs

Innovation at Rural Enterprises: Results From a Survey of German Organic and Conventional Farmers
İlkay Unay Gailhard and Miroslava Bavorova

TruServe: Using Information Technology to Demonstrate the Impact of Rural Health Care Organizations
Kelly Quigley, Mark Barclay, and Kristine Morin

Technological Innovations Bringing Spatial Technology to Precision Agriculture in the Northern Great Plains
Xiaodong Zhang, Santhosh Seelan, and John Nowatzki

Community Information Services: A Unique Tool to Enhance E-Governance in Tribal and Remote Rural Areas of Northeast India Using Modern Information Technology
Bhaskar Mazumder, Vijay Swami, Ista Pulu, and Yashwant V. Pathak


Jonas Kamlet Patents Dealing With Food and Food Additives
Dean F. Martin and Barbara B. Martin

Quantitative Morphological and Molecular Pathology of the Human Thymus Correlate With Infant Cause of Death
Mark C. Lloyd, Nancy Burke, Fatemeh Kalantarpour, Melissa I. Niesen, Aaron Hall, Keith Pennypacker, Bruce Citron, Chaim G. Pick, Vernard Adams, Mahasweta Das, Shyam Mohapatra, Hernani Cualing, and George Blanck

Nabta Playa in the Development of Science and Technology
Donald T. Haynie

More Than Money: The Exponential Impact of Academic Technology Transfer
Valerie Landrio McDevitt, Joelle Mendez-Hinds, David Winwood, Vinit Nijhawan, Todd Sherer, John F. Ritter, and Paul R. Sanberg

Commentary: Improving The World’s Innovation Infrastructure
Alexander Camarota

The 2013 Fellows of the National Academy of Inventors

Volume 15, Number 4


Editorial: Clinical Innovations in Prosthetics and Orthotics
M. Jason Highsmith

The Effect of the Walkaide Functional Electrical Stimulation Unit on Gait Asymmetry in a Child With Cerebral Palsy: A Case Report
Michael K. Carroll, Chris A. Toelle, Seok Hun Kim, Steven B. Ambler, and M. Jason Highsmith

On the Design of Manually Adjustable Ankle Units for Variable Terrain: A Technical Note
Derek J. Lura and M. Jason Highsmith

Design and Performance of a Push-Up Device for Above-Elbow Amputees: A Technical Note
Matthew M.Wernke, Derek J. Lura, Stephanie L. Carey, and M. Jason Highsmith

Current Concepts Regarding Externally Powered Lower Limb Prostheses
Phillip M. Stevens

Transtibial Amputee Energy Expenditure During Vertical Ice Climbing and Snowshoeing
M. Jason Highsmith, Jason T. Kahle, Derek J. Lura, and Larry J. Mengelkoch

Energy Consumption, Ambulatory Prognosis, and Individualized Technical Solutions for Persons With Bilateral Transfemoral Amputations: A Literature Review
Amanda L. Lewandowski, Daniel W. Bodkin, Stephen A. Noe, John J. Orriola, John W. Michael, Jason T. Kahle, and M. Jason Highsmith

Locomotor Training on a Treadmill Compared With PNF Training in Adults With Chronic Stroke
Jeannie B. Stephenson, Murray E. Maitland, Jason W. Beckstead, and Wendy K. Anemaet

The Effects of Vacuum-Assisted Suspension on Residual Limb Physiology, Wound Healing, and Function: A Systematic Review
Jason T. Kahle, John J. Orriola, Will Johnston, and M. Jason Highsmith

The Effect of the C-Leg Knee Prosthesis on Sensory Dependency and Falls During Sensory Organization Testing
M. Jason Highsmith, Jason T. Kahle, Neil T. Shepard, and Kenton R. Kaufman

Stair Ascent and Ramp Gait Training With the Genium Knee
M. Jason Highsmith, Jason T. Kahle, Derek J. Lura, Amanda L. Lewandowski, William S. Quillen, and Seok Hun Kim

Short and Mid-Distance Walking and Posturography With a Novel Microprocessor Knee
M. Jason Highsmith, Jason T. Kahle, Derek J. Lura, Rajiv V. Dubey, Stephanie L. Carey, William S. Quillen, and Larry J. Mengelkoch

Perceived Differences Between the Genium and the C-Leg Microprocessor Prosthetic Knees in Prosthetic-Related Function and Quality of Life
M. Jason Highsmith, Jason T. Kahle, Rebecca M. Miro, Derek J. Lura, Rajiv V. Dubey, Stephanie L. Carey, William S. Quillen, and Larry J. Mengelkoch

Volume 15 Subject and Author Index

Volume 15, Number 3


Editorial: Proceeding of the Second Annual Conference
Nasser Arshadi and Paul R. Sanberg

Vitamin D Science, WARF, and University of Wisconsin-Madison
Hector F. DeLuca

Camera-on-a-Chip: Technology Transfer From Saturn to Your Cell Phone
Eric R. Fossum

Increasing National Space Engineering Productivity and Educational Opportunities via Intrepreneurship, Entrepreneurship, and Innovation
Jeremy Straub

Improving the Reliability of In Vivo Video Wireless Communications
Gabriel E. Arrobo and Richard D. Gitlin

Accurately Evaluating Spinal Motion in Three Dimensions
Kerri Killen and Samantha Music

Usefulness of Wireless Technology in Medical Applications
Anagha Jamthe, Suryadip Chakraborty, Saibal K. Ghosh, and Dharma P. Agrawal

Innovation, Disruption, and Teleaudiology
Gregg D. Givens, Jianchu Jason Yao, and Daoyuan Yao

NewVenturist Roadmap to Success: A Commercialization Guide for Academic Inventors
Babs Carryer

A Short Primer on the Affordable Care Act
Haskell Adler


Understanding the High Cost of Success in University Research
Karen A. Holbrook and Paul R. Sanberg

Commentary: Hacking for Change at the USPTO
Alexander Camarota

Volume 15, Number 2


The Role and Challenges of Utilizing GIS for Public Health Research and Practice
Tenaya M. Sunbury

GIS Mapping: A Useful Tool for Understanding Racial Disparities in Health
Naomi Meier and Shamekka Kuykendall

The Search for “Strong Medicine”: Pathways to Healthcare Development in Remote Nepal Using GIS
Catherine L. Sanders and Kimber H. McKay


Commentary: Cooperative Patent Classification: A New Era for the World’s Intellectual Property Offices
Matthew Palumbo

Triple Helix, Government Institutional Settings and Policies to Foster Technology Development
Jarunee Wonglimpiyarat

Complicating Life: A Study of Encounters With Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Kate Maley

Using Mature Technologies to Innovate Medical Practices: A Reflection on Medical Innovation Taking Socio-Organizational Issues Into Account
Laura Lucia Parolin

Necessity Is the Mother of Invention: Access Inequalities to Medical Technologies Faced by Transgendered South Africans
Thamar Klein

Volume 15, Number 1


Editorial: The How and Why of Medical Technology
Nasser Arshadi and Joseph J. Parks, Guest Editors

Invited Articles

The Microbiome: A Mediator of Human Wellness
William A. Peck

BRAINnet: A Standardized Global Human Brain Project
Stephen H. Koslow, Yuyun Wang, Donna M. Palmer, Evian Gordon, and Leanne M. Williams

A Dynamic Method for Quantifying Healthcare Status and Burden of Disease Through Health Outcomes Indices
Efthimios Parasidis, Gerasimos Petratos, Emily Dastrup, Aaron Kamauu, Caleb DesRosiers, and Javaid Zafar

Transforming Physician Prescribing: The Reduction of Pharmacy and Hospital Costs in a Population of State Medicaid Patients Through An Automated Educational Intervention
John P. Docherty, Jeffrey Veach, Harold Carmel, George L. Oestreich, Jack M. Gorman, and Joseph J. Parks

Online Cognitive Brain Training Associated With Measurable Improvements in Cognition and Emotional Well-Being
Evian Gordon, Donna M. Palmer, Helen Liu, William Rekshan, and Savannah DeVarney


Commentary: 21st Century Innovation for All in a Global Patent System
Adam Burrowbridge and Alex Camarota

Additive Manufacturing as a Disruptive Technology: Implications of Three-Dimensional Printing
Thomas A. Campbell and Olga S. Ivanova

Kamlet Laboratories and Clinitest: Idea to Product
Dean F. Martin and Brodie A. Reiger

Book Review

The Cuban Cure: Reason and Resistance in Global Science (S. M. Reid-Henry, 2010, The University of Chicago Press)
Logan D. A. Williams

Volume 14, Numbers 3-4


Editorial: The Inaugural Conference of the National Academy of Inventors
Paul R. Sanberg and Howard J. Federoff

Commentary: Towards Global Patent Harmonization
Alex Camarota and Elizabeth Dougherty

Advances in Medical Research: The Case of China Medical University Beigang Hospital
Calvin Yu-Chian Chen, Su-sen Chang, and Shinn-Zong Lin

Software Copyright: A Programmer’s Perspective
Nigel Gwee

Salinity Gradient Power (SGP): A Developmental Roadmap Covering Existing Generation Technologies and Recent Investigative Results Into the Feasibility of Bipolar Membrane-Based Salinity Gradient Power Generation
Clifford R. Merz, Wilfrido A. Moreno, Marilyn Barger, and Stephen M. Lipka

Innovative Approach to the Diagnosis of Growth Hormone Insufficiency Using Growth Hormone Secretagogues
Barry B. Bercu and Richard F. Walker

Inventing and Innovating: Legal and Intellectual Requirements
Joseph P. Kennedy

What Might Have Happened if the America Invents Act Had Been a Law in 1886
Dean F. Martin

Commentary: Job Creation Through Innovation
Daniel Daly

HITRAN-PC: 25 Years of Academic Development and Commercialization of Laser Atmospheric Transmission Software for Environmental Remote Sensing
Dennis K. Killinger, William E. Wilcox, Jr., and Denis Pliutau

MARVEL In Vivo Wireless Video System
A. Alqassis, T. Ketterl, C. Castro, R. Gitlin, S. Ross, Y. Sun, and A. Rosemurgy

Design of an Electromechanical Hands-Free Control User Interface
Kathryn J. De Laurentis and Matthew Wills

The Impact of Collaboration Network Position on Innovative Performance
Fethullah Caliskan, Kingsley A. Reeves, Jr., Ozan Ozcan, and David Zeller

The Journey of a Potential Alzheimer Therapy From the Laboratory Bench Through the Patent Office and Into the Clinic
Tim D. Boyd and Huntington Potter

The Transvaginal Specimen Extraction Device: A Novel Approach to Minimally Invasive Surgery in Women
Mark A. Zakaria, Phil Hipol, Mario A. Simoes, and Stuart R. Hart

Key Challenges in Establishing an Entrepreneurial Culture in an Academic Environment: A Case Study
Christos Christodoulatos, Thomas Lechler, Sandra Furnbach, and Vikki Hazelwood

Volume 14 Subject and Author index

Volume 14, Number 2


Editorial: Preface to the Special Issue on Energy
Yogi Goswami and Richard Gilbert

Thermal Energy Storage for Concentrating Solar Power Plants
Sarada Kuravi, Yogi Goswami, Elias K. Stefanakos, Manoj Ram, Chand Jotshi, Swetha Pendyala, Jamie Trahan, Prashanth Sridharan, Muhammad Rahman, and Burton Krakow

Hydrokinetic Energy in the Sunshine State: Challenges of Florida’s Unique Renewable Resource
Howard P. Hanson

Nanoscale Rectenna for Thermal Energy Conversion to Electricity
S. Krishnan, Y. Goswami, and E. Stefanakos

Challenges and Consequences of Carbon Dioxide as an Oxidizing Agent for Hydrogen Generation From Hydrocarbons
Selma Hokenek, Devin Walker, Yolanda A. Daza, Erum Qayyum, Matthew M. Yung, John T. Wolan, and John N. Kuhn

FAMU Spheromak and the Turbulent Physics Experiment—STPX
James B. Titus, Alonzo B. Alexander, Kyron Williams, Charles Weatherford, and Joseph A. Johnson III

Conjunctive Injection of CO2 and Wastewater in a Heterogeneous Porous Formation
Roland T. Okwen, Mark Thomas, Mark T. Stewart, Maya Trotz, and Jeffrey A. Cunningham

Low-Frequency Ripples and Resonances in Wind and Solar Grid Integration Systems: An Overview
Zhixin Miao

Droop Control in Voltage Source Converters for Microgrid Operation With Pulsed Power Loads
Lakshan P. Piyasinghe and Zhixin Miao

Editorial: Preface to the Special Section
Paul R. Sanberg and Howard J. Federoff

Commentary: Patents for Humanity: Connecting Innovation With Humanitarian Endeavor
Alex Camarota, Elizabeth Dougherty, and Edward Elliott

Asset Mapping of a Major Research University Using Innovation Hub Modeling
Eve Spengler, Johnmark White, Mohamad Kasti, and Michael W. Fountain

Use of Fused Circulations to Investigate the Role of Apolipoprotein E as Amyloid Catalyst and Peripheral Sink in Alzheimer’s Disease
Lars N. G. Nilsson, Sylvia Gografe, David A. Costa, Tiffany Hughes, David Dressler, and Huntington Potter

Nanotechnology Solutions to Greenhouse and Urban Agriculture
Sarath Witanachchi, Marek Merlak, and Prasanna Mahawela

Volume 14, Number 1

Editorial: Technology and Invention
Paul R. Sanberg and Howard J. Federoff


The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office Welcomes Public Input as it Implements the America Invents Act to Create a 21st Century Patent System
Janet Gongola


Polycarbonates From Bisphenol A: A Good Invention Gone Awry?
Dean F. Martin and Barbara B. Martin

Original Contributions

The Creation of a Didactic Tool for Learning Mexican Sign Language: Service-Learning and Innovation
Anne E. Pfister and Stephanie Y. Teramoto Kimura

The Search for Medical Technologies Abroad: The Case of Medical Travel and Pediatric Oncology Treatment in Argentina
Cecilia Vindrola-Padros and Linda M. Whiteford

Evaluation of How Cigarette Smoke Is a Direct Risk Factor for Alzheimer’s Disease
Brian Giunta, Juan Deng, Jingji Jin, Edin Sadic, Saja Rum, Huadong Zhou, Paul Sanberg, and Jun Tan

Abstracts From the Inaugural Annual Conference of the National Academy of Inventors

Volume 13, Number 4


Editorial: Technology, Innovation, and Health
Paul R. Sanberg and Howard J. Federoff

The 8th Million Patent Issued on a Visual Prosthesis: Patenting of Medical Devices
Ram R. Shukla

Thirteen Postures of Wheelchair Taijiquan (Tai Chi): Wheelchair Use as an Instrument of Empowerment
Zibin Guo

Maternal and Child Health Services for Women With HIV/AIDS: A Focus on the Tampa Metropolitan Area
Bernice K. Lopez, Patrick J. Dillon, and Jordana Frost

Fertility Preservation Technologies for Oncology Patients in the US: A Review of the Factors Involved in Patient Decision Making
Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Khadija Mitu, and Karen Dyer

Engaging the Community in Health Research in India
Kristen J. Wells, Charles Preuss, Yashwant Pathak, J. K. Kosambiya, and Ambuj Kumar

Volume 13 Subject and Author Index

Volume 13, Number 3

Editorial Introduction: Highlighting Innovation: The “in” Word in Academics
Paul R. Sanberg

Robert L. Alldredge, Chemical Engineer, Inventor, Entrepreneur
Dean F. Martin and Barbara B. Martin

Dance and Engineering Link to Produce a Novel Mobility Device
Merry Lynn Morris, Kathryn J. De Laurentis, Stephanie Carey, Stephen Sundarrao, Rajiv Dubey, Jason Highsmith, Larry Mengelkoch, and M. Elisa McQueen

Collaborative Decision Making Between Cockpit and Dispatch for Safety
Ronald John Lofaro and Kevin M. Smith

The Race for Cheap Aluminum: Hall Versus Héroult
Dean F. Martin

Commentary: Promoting American Innovation
Richard Maulsby

The Role of Patents and Commercialization in the Tenure and Promotion Process
Ashley J. Stevens, Ginger A. Johnson, and Paul R. Sanberg

A Critical Assessment of the USPTO Policies Toward Small Entity Patent Applications
G. Harley Blosser, Nasser Arshadi, and Sanjay Agrawal

Volume 13, Number 2


List of Acronyms Used in This Issue

Editorial: Environmental Technology Innovation and Development
Yvette T. Collazo, Paula G. Kirk, and A. Alan Moghissi

Advanced Remediation Technologies for the Disposition of the Department of Energy’s Radioactive Tank Waste
Gary R. Peterson

Results of External Technical Reviews of Site Modeling Efforts That Support System Plans
Monica C. Regalbuto, John R. Shultz, Kevin G. Brown, Candido Pereira, David W. DePaoli, and Sahid C. Smith

An Overview of the Cementitious Barriers Partnership
Daryl R. Haefner And Sharon L. Marra

Acquiring Process Knowledge to Support Deactivation and Decommissioning Activities
Joseph K. Santos, Paula G. Kirk, Andrew P. Szilagyi, and Yvette T. Collazo

Technology Assessment for Management of Aluminum-Based Spent Nuclear Fuel From Research and Test Reactors
Robert Sindelar, Natraj Iyer, Dennis Vinson, William Swift, Hitesh Nigam, and Edgardo DeLeon

Evaluation of the Efficacy of Polyphosphate Remediation Technology: Direct and Indirect Remediation of Uranium Under Alkaline Conditions
Dawn M. Wellman, John S. Fruchter, Vince R. Vermeul, Emily Richards, Danielle P. Jansik, and Ellen Edge

Structured Prioritization Approach for Maximizing the Benefits of Programmatic Investments
Paula G. Kirk, Yvette T. Collazo, Andrew P. Szilagyi, and Ian Seed

Advanced Simulation Capability for Environmental Management (ASCEM): An Overview of Initial Results
Mark Williamson, Juan Meza, David Moulton, Ian Gorton, Mark Freshley, Paul Dixon, Roger Seitz, Carl Steefel, Stefan Finsterle, Susan Hubbard, Ming Zhu, Kurt Gerdes, Russ Patterson, and Yvette T. Collazo

Volume 13, Number 1


Editorial: NanoBio Collaborative Explores Nano–Bio Interface
Shyam S. Mohapatra

Nanoscale Self-Assembly for Delivery of Therapeutics and Imaging Agents
Mingnan Chen, Jonathan R. McDaniel, J. Andrew MacKay, and Ashutosh Chilkoti

Multifunctional Chitosan Nanocarriers for Gene Therapy
Shyam S. Mohapatra, Subhra Mohapatra, Sandhya Boyapalle, and Gary Hellermann

Effects of Magnetite and Maghemite Nanoparticles on Bone Cell and Staphylococcus aureus Functions
Nhiem Tran and Thomas J. Webster

Three-Dimensional (3D) Scaffolds in Nano–Bio Interphase Research
Yvonne Davis, Shyam S. Mohapatra, and Subhra Mohapatra

The Future of Stem Cell Applications: Charting the Sea of Opportunity
John R. Sladek, Jr. and Kimberly B. Bjugstad

Solo Versus Concert Performance: Nanotechnology Research and Academic Performance Evaluation
Yashwant Pathak and Charles Preuss

Abstracts From the 2010 NanoBio Collaborative (NBC) Conference

Volume 12, Number 3


Editorial: Peer Review and Scientific Assessment
A. Alan Moghissi

Making Judgments About Grant Proposals: A Brief History of the Merit Review Criteria at the National Science Foundation
Marc Rothenberg

Challenges for International Peer Reviewing of Research Proposals
Guntram Bauer

The Role of Peer Review in Policy Decisions
A. Alan Moghissi and Michael S. Swetnam

The Use of Societal Impacts Considerations in Grant Proposal Peer Review: A Comparison of Five Models
J. Britt Holbrook

Improving Peer Review in the Federal Government
Elmer Yglesias

CDMRP: Fostering Innovation Through Peer Review
E. Melissa Kaime, Katherine H. Moore, and Steven F. Goldberg

Uses and Needs for Peer Review in Army Medical Research
John F. Glenn

Alternatives to Independent Peer Review: A Case Study
Wren Prather-Stroud

Volume 12 Subject and Author Index

Volume 12, Number 2


Bionics in Action: The Nature of Invention
Franco Lodato

The SciFlies Innovation Model: Citizen to Scientists Micro Funding Network for Accelerated Discovery and Innovation Policy Feedback Coupling
David Fries, Larry Biddle, Michelle Bauer, Phyllis Race, and Sylvia Raymond


Laser Probes for Chemical Sensing and Remote 3D Mapping
Dennis K. Killinger

Innovation and Technology in Electric Field-Mediated Drug and Gene Delivery
Richard A. Gilbert and Joseph D. Hickey

Agricultural Pharmaceuticals in the Environment: A Need for Inventiveness
Dean F. Martin, Deanna R. Ward, and Barbara B. Martin

Original Contributions

Removal of Selected Pharmaceutical Using Octolig®, a Supported Chelating Agent
Wen-Shan Chang, Dean F. Martin, and Megan Small

Computational and Cell Line Studies of the Iron–Taxol Complex: Improving Stability and Water Solubility
Thomas Manning, William Hoover, Greg Kean, Jessica Thomas, Brittani McLeod, Magan Ogden, William Wilbanks, Giso Abadi, and Dennis Phillips

Development of a Green Technology Approach to Marine Natural Products Synthesis: Mineral-Based Microbial Amplification System to Make Bryostatins
Thomas Manning, Riland Jones, Brett Little, Carissa Lannon, Greg Kean, and James Nienow

Volume 12, Number 1


Paul R. Sanberg
University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

Howard J. Federoff
University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA

Managing Editor: Judy Lowry

Assistant Editor: Kimberly Macuare


Nasser Arshadi, University of Missouri–St. Louis
Norman R. Augustine, Lockheed Martin Corporation
William S. Ball, University of Cincinnati
William Barker, University of Wisconsin–Madison
Kurt H. Becker
, New York University
Kenneth J. Blank, Rowan University
James H. Bratton, The University of Oklahoma
Karen J.L. Burg
, Kansas State University
Gordon C. Cannon, University of Southern Mississippi
Mark Cantey, Inventor's Digest
Rivka Carmi, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Louis A. Carpino, University of Massachusetts–Amherst
Vimal Chaitanya, New Mexico State University
Stephen Z. Cheng, The University of Akron
Christos Christodoulatos, Stevens Institute of Technology
Richard W. Chylla, Michigan State University
James G. Conley
, Northwestern University
Dan Daly, The University of Alabama
Donna M. De Carolis, Drexel University
Lawrence Dreyfus, University of Missouri–Kansas City
Robert V. Duncan
, Texas Tech University
Derek E. Eberhart, University of Georgia
T. Taylor Eighmy
, The University of Tennessee
Christopher Fasel, Idaho State University
W. Ker Ferguson
, The University of South Alabama
Tristan J. Fiedler, Florida Institute of Technology
Henry C. Foley, University of Missouri–Columbia
Eric R. Fossum
, Dartmouth College
Robert E. W. Fyffe, Wright State University
Arlene A. Garrison, Oak Ridge Associated Universities
Judy Genshaft, University of South Florida
Andres G. Gil, Florida International University
Jay Gogue, Auburn University
Lawrence O. Gostin, Georgetown University Law Center
Scot Hamilton, Columbia University
Todd Headley, Colorado State University
Sharon Heise, Institute for Human & Machine Cognition
Richard A. Houghten, Torrey Pines Institute for Molecular Studies
Ernest B. Izevbigie, Benson Idahosa University, Nigeria
Farnam Jahanian, Carnegie Mellon University
Joseph Jankowski
, Case Western Reserve University
John Kantner
, University of North Florida
Vistasp M. Karbhari, University of Texas at Arlington
Linda P.B. Katehi,
University of California, Davis
Stephen Klasko, Thomas Jefferson University
John J. Kopchick
, Ohio University
Richard Kordal, Louisiana Tech University
K. Krishnamurthy, Missouri University of Science and Technology
Steven J. Kubisen, The George Washington University
Ken S. Lee
, Jackson State University
Alice Li, Cornell University
Shinn-Zong (John) Lin
, China Medical University, Taiwan
Woody Maggard, University at Buffalo–State University of New York
Rebecca Mahurin, Montana State University
Richard Mammone, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Richard B. Marchase, The University of Alabama at Birmingham
Thomas McCoy, University of North Texas
Grant McGimpsey, Kent State University
James P. McNamara
, University of Massachusetts Medical School
Zachary Miles, The University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Lesley Millar-Nicholson
, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
A. Alan Moghissi, Institute for Regulatory Science
Arthur Molella, Smithsonian Lemelson Center
Kumi Nagamoto-Combs, The University of North Dakota
Shantikuma Nair, Amrita University, India
John W. Newcomer, Florida Atlantic University
Kenneth J. Nisbet, University of Michigan
David P. Norton,
University of Florida
Patrick O’Shea, University of Maryland
Sethuraman Panchanathan, Arizona State University
Thomas Parks, The University of Utah
Prem S. Paul, University of Nebraska–Lincoln
Keith H. Pickus, Wichita State University
William M. Pierce, Jr., University of Louisville
Steven Price
, Oklahoma State University
Jim Rankin, University of Arkansas
Fred Reinhart, Association of University Technology Managers
Jarett Rieger,
H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute
Lesley Rigg, Northern Illinois University
Mark Rudin
, Boise State University
Joshua Schuler,
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Jeff Seeman,
University of Connecticut
Neil A. Sharkey
, The Pennsylvania State University
Todd Sherer, Emory University
Mary Shire, Ph.D., University of Limerick, Ireland
M. J. Soileau, University of Central Florida
Douglas Stamps, University of Evansville
Raymond C. Tait, Saint Louis University
Lonnie G. Thompson,
The Ohio State University
Holden Thorp, Washington University in St. Louis
Arthur J. Tipton
, Southern Research Institute
Kalliat T. Valsaraj, Louisiana State University
Marti Van Scott, East Carolina University
T. Kyle Vanderlick, Yale University
Taunya Phillips Walker, University of Kentucky
Gloria Waters, Boston University
Inge Wefes
, University of Colorado–Denver/AMC
David S. Weir, University of Delaware
Caroline C. Whitacre, The Ohio State University
Mathew Willenbrink, University of Dayton
Richard C. Wilson
, University of Houston
Christy Wyskiel, Johns Hopkins University
Tachung (T.C.) Yih
, Florida Gulf Coast University
Frederic Zenhausern, The University of Arizona

Editorial Office: Technology and Innovation, University of South Florida Research Park, 3702 Spectrum Boulevard, Suite 165, Tampa, FL 33612-9445, USA. Tel: +1-813-974-1347; Fax: +1-813-974-4962; Email: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ;

Volume 17: Author Index

Amangero, L., 127
Amin, M., 127
Aqbal, D., 127
Arshadi, N., 145

Bonaroti, A. R., 49
Boyev, K. P., 49
Briseno, M., 127
Brozović, N., 219

Cahoy, D., 113
Camarota, A., 87
Carloni, N., 127
Carter, H., 5
Chaitanya, V., 1
Chen, C.-W., 135
Chen, S., 177
Choi, H., 127
Chu, S., 187
Comedy, Y. L., 169
Couetil, N. D., 205

Das, S., 135
Dehkharghani, R., 127
Dukes, M., 5

Elliott, E., 87

Farmer, B., 127
Federoff, H. J., 85
Felter, L., 5
Fossum, E. R., 145

Garcia, P. M., 135
Genshaft, J., 197
Gharib, M., 147
Grama, S., 169
Gray-Little, B., 197
Gurudas, N. A., 61

Hanson, K., 197
Haynie, D. T., 21
Hunter, D., 37

Irani, T., 5

Kelse, J., 93
Khamooshi, K., 127
Koev, B., 113
Kordal, R., 113

Langer, A. M., 93
Leach, K., 75

Macuare, K. A., 147, 187
Madera, X., 177
Marchase, R., 197
Martin, D. F., 41
McBride, D. K., 61, 127, 135
Moghissi, A. A., 61, 127, 135
Monaghan, P., 5

Nazari, M., 177
Nolan, R. P., 93
Nord, G. L., 93

Olsen, P., 193

Pavy, A., 127
Pei, S., 61

Rahman, M., 177
Rivera-Aquino, P., 127

Sanberg, P. R., 85
Scherer, A., 177
Schiffer, P. E., 197
Sencan, M., 177
Severance, H. W., 211
Sherer, E. A., 113
Silverman, R. B., 153
Spiegel, K. M., 211
Stevens, A. J., 159
Swetnam, M. S., 61

Tanner, R. M., 197
Thompson, A. S., 41

Varco, J., 127

Weilerstein, P., 205
Wickert, J., 197
Wilson, R., 93
Winston, C., 127

Young, R. K., 219

Zenhausern, F., 1

Volume 17: Subject Index

Academic medical centers (AMCs), 211
Asbestos-related cancer, 93

Barriers, 5
Best Available Science (BAS), 135

Chemicals, 41
Clinical research, 211
Community-based hospitals, 211
Community-based social marketing (CBSM), 5
Companies, 159
Conflict management, 197
Conservation, 1
Consulting, 41

da Vinci® Surgical System, 49
Diagnostic, 177

Entrepreneurship, 169, 205
Entrepreneurship education, 205
Environmental economics, 219
Environmental impact, 1
Ethical principles, 61
Exposure assessment, 93

Faculty review, 197
Failure, 169
Focus groups, 5

GABA aminotransferase, 153
Gender, 193
Generic review criteria, 127
Groundwater management, 219

Harmonization, 37
Humanitarian, 87

Innovation, 87, 113, 159, 169, 205
Intellectual property, 37, 193
Intellectual property policy, 205
Invention(s), 113, 153, 169, 205

Kamlet, 41

L-glutamate decarboxylase, 153
Lyrica®, 153

Manufacturing, 21
Materials, 21
Medical, 177
Multicenter trials, 211

National laboratories, 159
Nonprofit research institutes, 159
Norms, 5
Nuremberg trials, 61

Organic food, 135
Other review criteria, 127
Otolaryngology, 49

Patent prosecution highway, 37
Patents, 37, 87, 113, 193
Patents for Humanity, 87
Patterns, 159
Peer review, 127
Peptide, 21
Polymer, 21
Pregabalin, 153
Procurement, 41
Protein, 21
Protocol-provided clinical trials, 211

Qualitative, 5

Regional, 159
Risk assessment, 93
Risk of organic versus conventional food, 135
Risk-taking, 169
Roles, 41

Sensors, 177
Serial inventors, 113
Site-based research, 211
Smart markets, 219
Synthesis, 41

Technology, 113
Technology transfer evaluation, 197
Telemedicine, 49
Telesurgery, 49
Tenure and promotion, 197
Tradable permit systems, 219
Tuskegee experiments, 61

United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), 37, 87, 193
Universities, 159
US patents, 159

Water, 1, 21
Water conservation, 5
Water markets, 219
Water quality, 1
Water security, 1
Wireless, 177
Women, 193

Volume 16: Author Index

Adams, V., 55
Adu-Sarkodie, Y., 149
Aloise, J., 215
Arshadi, N., 171

Barclay, M., 19
Bavorova, M., 3
Becker, K. H., 215
Blanck, G., 55
Bride, D. K., 155
Burke, N., 55
Byrd, J., 215

Camarota, A., 85
Citron, B., 55
Comedy, Y. L., 187
Cualing, H., 55

Das, M., 55

Elliott, E., 93

Fossum, E. R., 171

Gailhard, İ. U., 3
Groshev, A., 233, 259
Grover, A., 233

Hall, A., 55
Harmon, M. D., 195
Haynie, D. T., 63
Herskowitz, O., 215
Hirani, A. A., 233

James, R., 195

Kalantarpour, F., 55
Kotch, M. J., 215
Kumbar, S. G., 195

Laurencin, C. T., 195
Lloyd, M. C., 55
Love, B. R., 155

Martin, B. B., 45, 137, 271
Martin, D. F., 45, 137, 271
Mazumder, B., 37
McDevitt, V. L., 75
Mendez-Hinds, J., 75
Mimura, C., 99
Moghissi, A. A., 155
Mohapatra, S., 55
Molella, A. P., 175
Morin, K., 19

Nagamoto-Combs, K., 1
Nelson, L. E., 249
Niesen, M. I., 55
Nijhawan, V., 75
Nowatzki, J., 27

Pathak, Y. V., 37, 233, 249, 259
Pennypacker, K., 55
Peterson, J. M., 215
Pick, C. G., 55
Pulu, I., 37

Quigley, K., 19

Radauer, A., 125
Rapaka, S. M., 259
Ritter, J. F., 75

Sanberg, P. R., 75
Seelan, S., 27
Severance, H. W., 167
Sherer, T., 75
Smith, M. M., 175
Steinharter, K., 115
Stough, R. R., 155
Straja, S. R., 155
Sutariya, V. B., 233, 259
Swami, V., 37
Swamidass, P., 223

Thach, C. T., 249

Virdi-Dhesi, J., 145

Wheeler, E., 215
Winwood, D., 75

Zhang, X., 27
Zirkle, L. G., 107

Volume 16: Subject Index

Academia, 171
Academic innovation, 75
Access and affordability, 99
AEROCam, 27
Alignment, 63
Argon, 271
Aural surgery, 145
Autohypnosis, 271

Bayh–Dole, 75
Best available science, 155

Cascading value of ideas, 223
Cleantech, 215
Client, 137
Clinical research, 167
Collaboration, 99
Commercialization, 75
Communication frequency, 3
Community Information Services (CIS), 37
Compensation, 45
Consulting, 137
Creative capitalism, 99
Creativity, 137, 175
Credibility, 145
Credit, 145

Database, 19
Deafness, 145
Decision support, 27
Definition of regulatory science, 155
Delivery systems, 233
Developing world, 85, 107
Digital Northern Great Plains, 27
Doctors, 107

Economic development, 259
Economic growth, 187
Economic impact, 125
Egypt, 63
Energy poverty, 115
Engineer-entrepreneur, 223
Euclidean innovation, 99

Food, 45
Fracture care, 107

Global development, 93
Global health, 99
Government policy, 259
Grand challenge problems, 187
Grant funded, 19

Head trauma, 55
Healthcare, 233
Hero, 187
History, 63
History of regulatory science, 155
HIV/STI coinfection, 249
Humanitarian, 93
Humanitarian contract clauses, 99

Impact, 19
India, 37
Industry-sponsored trials, 167
Infant, 55
Information sources, 3
Innovation, 45, 75, 85, 99, 171, 175, 187, 195, 271
Innovation process, 125
Innovation system, 125
Innovativeness, 3
Intellectual property, 85, 93
Intellectual property (IP) strategies, 99
Invention, 171, 175, 187
IP rights management, 99
Isomers, 271

Kamlet, 137
Kerosene, 115

Lab-to-market, 215
Learning community, 27
Lemelson Center, 175
Lessons, 137
Ligament, 195
Light bulb, 115

Megalith, 63
Musculoskeletal, 195

Nanomaterials, 259
Nanoparticles, 249
Nanotechnology, 233, 259
Nanotoxicology, 233
Networks, 99
New business models, 99
Noble gases, 271
Nokero, 115
Nonprofit, 19

Organic and conventional farmers, 3
Orthopedics, 107
Outcomes, 107

Patent(s), 85, 93, 107, 125, 137
Pay-for-performance, 167
Place, 175
Poor, 107
Precision agriculture, 27
Priority dispute, 145
Product development partnerships, 99
Professional rivalry, 145
Proof-of-concept center, 215
Pro se patent application, 223
Provisional patent(s), 145, 223
Public–private partnerships, 99

Quantitative pathology, 55

Regulatory science metrics, 155
Regulatory science tools, 155
Remote rural areas, 37
Remote sensing, 27
Review, 249
Road traffic accidents, 107
Rotator cuff, 195
Rural, 19

Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM), 187
Scientist-entrepreneur, 223
Serotonin, 55
Serotonin receptor, 55
Seven-phased view of technological innovation, 223
Sexually transmitted infection (STI), 249
Smithsonian, 175
Social network ties, 3
Socially responsible licensing, 99
Soft tissue, 195
Solar, 115
Stabilization, 107
Star, 63
Startup(s), 75, 195
Startup formation, 215
Sub-Saharan Africa, 249
Surgeons, 107
Surgery, 107

T-cells, 55
Technological innovation, 223
Technology, 171
Technology licensing, 75
Technology transfer, 75
Tendon, 195
Tenure, 137
Thymus gland, 55
Trademarks, 85

USPTO, 85, 93

Value creation by engineers and scientists, 223

Web-based, 19
Web-based technology, 37

Xenon, 271

Volume 15: Author Index

Adler, H., 265
Agrawal, D. P., 243
Ambler, S. B., 287
Anemaet, W. K., 325
Arrobo, G. E., 227
Arshadi, N., 1, 181

Beckstead, J. W., 325
Bodkin, D. W., 317
Burrowbridge, A., 63

Camarota, A., 63, 281
Campbell, T. A., 67
Carey, S. L., 297, 359, 369
Carmel, H., 43
Carroll, M. K., 287
Carryer, B., 259
Chakraborty, S., 243

Dastrup, E., 31
DeLuca, H. F., 187
DesRosiers, C., 31
DeVarney, S., 53
Docherty, J. P., 43
Dubey, R. V., 359, 369

Fossum, E. R., 197

Ghosh, S. K., 243
Gitlin, R. D., 227
Givens, G. D., 253
Gordon, E., 17, 53
Gorman, J. M., 43

Highsmith, M. J., 285, 287, 293, 297, 311, 317, 333, 343, 349, 359, 369
Holbrook, K. A., 269

Ivanova, O. S., 67

Jamthe, A., 243
Johnson, W., 333

Kahle, J. T., 311, 317, 333, 343, 349, 359, 369
Kamauu, A., 31
Kaufman, K. R., 343
Killen, K., 237
Kim, S. H., 287, 349
Klein, T., 165
Koslow, S. H., 17
Kuykendall, S., 101

Lewandowski, A. L., 317, 349
Liu, H., 53
Lura, D. J., 293, 297, 311, 349, 359, 369

Maitland, M. E., 325
Maley, K., 149
Martin, D. F., 81
McKay, K. H., 109
Meier, N., 101
Mengelkoch, L. J., 311, 359, 369
Michael, J. W., 317
Miro, R. M., 369
Music, S., 237

Noe, S. A., 317

Oestreich, G. L., 43
Orriola, J. J., 317, 333

Palmer, D. M., 17, 53
Palumbo, M., 125
Parasidis, E., 31
Parks, J. J., 1, 43
Parolin, L. L., 157
Peck, W. A., 5
Petratos, G., 31

Quillen, W. S., 349, 359, 369

Reiger, B. A., 81
Rekshan, W., 53

Sanberg, P. R, 181, 269
Sanders, C. L., 109
Shepard, N. T., 343
Stephenson, J. B., 325
Stevens, P., 301
Straub, J., 211
Sunbury, T. M., 91

Toelle, C. A., 287

Veach, J., 43

Wang, Y., 17
Wernke, M. M., 297
William, L. D. A., 87
Williams, L. M., 17
Wonglimpiyarat, J., 129

Yao, D., 253
Yao, J. J., 253

Zafar, J., 31

Volume 15: Subject Index

Above elbow, 297
Above-knee amputee, 317
Academic entrepreneurship, 159
Academic invention, 293
Access inequalities, 165
Additive manufacturing (AM), 67
Aerospace engineering, 211
Affordable Care Act (ACA), 265
Amputation, 311
Amputee, 297, 343, 349
Ankle–foot orthoses (AFOs), 287
Ankle prosthesis, 293
Assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs), 149
Assistive device, 317
Athletes, 243
Audiology, 253
Audit and feedback, 43
Automotive camera, 197

Balance, 343, 359
Biomedical applications, 243
Biosimilar, 265
Body weight support, 325
Brain disorders, 17
Brain training, 53
Built environment, 101

Camera-on-a-chip, 197
Camera phone, 197
Civic hacking, 281
C-Leg, 359
Clinistix, 81
Clinitest, 81
CMOS image sensor, 197
Cognition, 53
Cognitive training, 53
Commercialization, 265
Comparative effectiveness, 31
Continuous monitoring, 243
Cooperative Patent Classification (CPC), 125
CubeSat, 211

Databases, 17
Development, 109
Discursive practices, 157
Disruptive innovation, 253
Disruptive technology, 67
Diversity coding (DC), 227

Education, 211
Electrogoniometer, 237
Emotional well-being, 53
Entrepreneurship, 259
Epidemiological methods, 91
European Patent Office (EPO), 125
Exercise, 297

Facilities & Administration (F&A), 269
Feminism, 149
Financial policies, 129
Financing programs, 129
Firefighters, 243
Functional electrical stimulation (FES), 287

Gait, 287
Gait training, 325
Gait velocity, 325
Genium knee, 359
Genomics, 17
Geographical information system (GIS),  91, 109
Geographical information system (GIS) mapping, 101
Gnotobiotic animal models, 5
Governmental financing, 129
Grace period, 63
Gut microbiome, 5

Hacker, 281
Hack for changes, 281
Harmonization, 63
Health, 101, 109
Healthcare index, 31
Health outcomes, 31
Health risk management, 31
Health seeking, 109
Human body, 243

Imaging, 17
In vivo communications, 227
Indirect costs, 269
Infertility, 149
Information, 281
Innovation, 63, 125, 197, 259
Interface, 333
International Human Brain Project, 17
International patent classification (IPC), 125
Internet, 253
Invention, 81, 259
Inventor, 259

Locomotor training, 325
Lower limb amputation, 301
Lower limb prostheses, 301

Mature technology, 157
Medicaid, 43
Medical practices, 157
Medical technologies, 165
Metabolics, 311
Microbiota, 5
Miles Laboratories, 81
Mountaineering, 293, 311

National innovation system, 129
NeuroCom, 343
New venture, 259
NewVenturist, 259
Noninvasive, 237
Nonprejudicial disclosure, 63
Nutrition, 187

Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM), 227
Oxygen uptake (VO2), 311

Parkinson’s patients, 243
Patents, 63, 125, 281
Patient experience, 149
Physical therapy, 311, 317, 349
Physiological monitoring, 243
Pill camera, 197
Policy, 101
Powered prosthesis, 301
Prescribing, 43
Project-based learning, 211
Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF), 325
Prosthesis, 317, 349, 359
Prosthesis evaluation questionnaire (PEQ), 369
Psychotropic, 43
Public health, 91
Push-up, 297

Racial disparities, 101
Recognition, 81
Rehabilitation, 311, 317, 343, 349, 369
Research funding, 269
Rural health, 91

Safety, 343
Slope, 349
Small spacecraft, 211
Social justice, 101
Socio-organizational network, 157
Socket, 333
South Africa, 165
Spastic diplegia, 287
Spatial analysis, 91
Spinal measurement, 237
Standardization, 17
Startup, 259
Steenbock, 187
Stress, 53
Stroke rehabilitation, 325
Subatmospheric, 333
Subjective analysis, 369
Survey, 369

Technology in use, 157
Technology transfer, 197, 259, 265
Teleaudiology, 253
Telepractice, 253
Three-dimensional (3D) printing, 67
Three dimensions, 237
Timed walking test, 359
Trademarks, 281
Transexuality, 165
Transfemoral, 333, 343, 349
Transfemoral amputee (TFA), 359, 369
Transgender, 165
Transtibial, 333

United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), 63, 125, 281
University research, 269

Venture capital, 129
Vitamin D, 187
Vulnerability, 109

WARF, 187
Web camera, 197
Wheelchair, 317
Wireless sensor network (WSN), 243

Volume 14: Author Index

Acevedo-Duncan, M., 49*
Achyuta, A., 54*
Adams, J. H., 52*, 63*, 66*
Afroz, S., 68*
Alexander, A. B., 131
Almerico, K., 69*
Alqassis, A., 329
Amsler, C. D., 50*
Andruski, B., 64*
Antilla, J. C., 58*, 69* (2)
Arendash, G. W., 72*
Arrobo, G. E., 49*

Bai, G., 65*
Baker, B., 63*
Baker, B. J., 50* (2), 51*
Balu, B., 52*
Bannister, E. C., 54*
Barbeau, S. J., 49*
Barger, M., 56*, 249
Barhate, C., 50*
Beau, J., 50*, 51*
Bercu, B. B., 50*, 277
Bhethanabotla, V., 68*
Boozer, T. A., 67*
Borcherds, W. M., 50*
Borlongan, C. V., 58*, 70*, 72*
Boyd, T. D., 51*, 365
Burda, W. N., 51*
Butka, B., 51*

Calcul, L., 51*
Caliskan, F., 52*, 351
Camarota, A., 181, 219
Campbell, C. O., 52*
Cao, C. H., 65* (2)
Carey, S., 64*
Castro, C., 329
Chang, S., 223
Chen, C. Y.-C., 223
Chen, X., 52*, 66*
Chetram, M., 70*
Chow, R., 51*
Christodoulatos, C., 52*, 387
Coletti, C., 68*
Constantino, J., 53*
Cooper, J. R., 53*
Costa, D. A., 199
Cox, Jr., R., 53*
Cross, R. M., 62*
Crouse, R. B., 54*
Cuevas, J., 69* (2)
Cunningham, J. A., 143
Cure, D., 54*

Daly, D., 54*, 299
Daughdrill, G. W., 50*
Davis, Y., 55*
Daza, Y. A., 115
Degen, S. J., 55*
De Laurentis, K. J., 55*, 64*, 341
Deng, J., 39
DeSouza, S. M., 53*
Ditlin, R. D., 56*
Dougherty, E., 181, 219
Dressler, D., 199
Duggirala, N. K., 55*
Duncan, K., 59*

Elineni, S. K., 55*
Elliott, E., 181

Federoff, H. J., 1, 56*, 179, 219
Flanigan, D. L., 62*
Fountain, M. W., 185
Frewin, C. L., 68*
Fukumoto, I., 53*
Fukumoto, J., 53*
Furnbach, S., 52*, 387

Garapati, U., 55*
Georggi, N. L., 49*
Gilbert, R., 56*, 77
Gitlin, R. D., 49*, 329
Giunta, B., 39
Glover, J., 69*
Glover, L. E., 58, 72*
Gografe, S., 199
Gongola, J., 3
Goswami, Y., 77, 81, 103
Gou, Q. F., 61*
Green, S., 69*
Grieco, J., 69*
Gude, V. G., 56*
Guzman, K., 57*
Gwee, N., 57*, 237

Hanson, H. P., 93
Hart, S. R., 53*, 67*, 76*, 381
Hazelwood, V., 52*, 387
Hellermann, G., 73*
Highsmith, M. J., 64*
Hinton, C., 70*
Hipol, P. J., 76*, 381
Hochaus, G., 63*
Hodgkins, A., 53*
Hokenek, S., 115
Hopen, A. J., 56,* 57* (2)
Howell, M., 55*
Hughes, T., 199
Huguet, C., 69*
Hyde, R., 75*

Ishikawa, H., 58*

Jain, P., 58*
Jin, J., 39
Johnson, G. A., 71*
Johnson, III, J. A., 131
Johnson, P., 63*
Jotshi, C., 81

Kamath, S., 75*
Kaminsky, M., 53*
Kaneko, Y., 58*, 70*
Kang, S. F., 67*
Kasti, M., 185
Kellogg, S. L., 72*
Kennedy, J. P., 58*, 287
Ketterl, T., 329
Khandan, N. N., 56*
Killinger, D. K., 58*, 59*, 73*, 303

Kim, M. K., 61*
Kim, S. U., 58
Kolliputi, N., 53*
Kopchick, J. J., 59*
Krakow, B., 81
Krishnan, R., 59*
Krishnan, S., 103
Kuhn, J. N., 115
Kumar, A., 59*
Kumar, S. S. R., 64*
Kuravi, S., 81
Kyle, D., 50*, 51*, 62*, 63*

Labrador, M. A., 49*
LaCrue, A. N., 62*
Lai, X., 60*
Laing, J., 60*
Lai-Yuen, S., 53*, 67*
Le, P., 60*
Lechler, T., 52*, 387
Li, K., 73* (2)
Li, M. H., 71*
Li, Q., 60*
Liang, J., 52*, 57*, 60*, 61* (2), 64*, 65* (2), 66*, 67*, 72*, 74* (3)
Lin, S., 61*
Lin, S.-Z., 223
Lin, X. Y., 65*
Lipka, S. M., 249
Liu, C., 61*, 65*
Liu, D., 61*
Lockey, R. F., 53*, 73* (2)
Loeding, B., 59*
Luo, R. J., 62* (2)
Luo, Z. Q., 65*
Luong, L., 62*

Ma, W., 51*
Mahawela, P., 209
Maher, S. P., 52*
Maignan, J. R., 62*
Manetsch, R., 51*, 52*, 62*, 63*
Martin, B. B., 7
Martin, D. F., 7, 62*, 293
Maschek, A., 50*
Mayo-Perez, A., 58*
McAleer, J., 69* (2)
McClintock, J. B., 50*
McCraken, W. J., 63*
McGaha, T. J., 50*
Mengelkoch, L. J., 64*
Merlak, M., 209
Merz, C. R., 63*, 249
Metcalf, C., 58*
Mezencev, R., 70*
Miao, Z., 153, 167
Milhous, W., 63*
Miranda, F. A., 54*
Mishall, K. M., 50*
Mo, S. L., 72*
Mo, X. L., 66*
Mohammad, F., 64*
Mohapatra, S., 55*, 73* (2)
Mohapatra, S. S., 55*, 73* (2), 75*
Moore, M. R., 64*
Moreno, W. A., 249
Morris, G., 63*
Morris, M. L, 64*
Mukherjee, D., 75*
Mukherjee, P., 75*
Muscarella, M. N., 64*
Mutka, T., 50*, 51*, 62*

Nabar, N. R., 61*, 65* (3)
Naif, A. K., 66*
Namelikonda, N. K., 62*
Nguyen, D., 60*
Nijhawan, V., 66*
Nilsson, L. N. G., 199
Noblet, R., 50*
Ntumngia, F. B., 66*

Odero-Marah, V., 70*
Okojie, F. A., 67*
Okwen, R. T., 143
Oliveros, A., 68*
Onal, S., 67*
O’Neal, T., 71*
Ozcan, O., 52*, 351

Pang, K., 51*
Parthasarathy, P. T., 53*
Patel, A. R., 66*
Pathak, S., 67*
Pearce, C., 51*
Pendyala, S., 81
Pennypacker, K. R., 69* (2)
Perez, R., 49*
Pfister, A. E., 17
Piyasinghe, L. P., 167
Pliutau, D., 303
Polizzotto, L., 67*
Potter, H., 51*, 199, 365

Qayyum, E., 115
Qiu-Lan He, Q. L, 64*
Quarrie, B., 63*

Rahman, M., 81
Rajanbabu, V., 53*
Ram, M., 81
Ravi, S., 55*
Reeves, Jr., K. A., 52*, 351
Register, J., 68*
Reyland, M., 68*
Richardson, M., 68*
Rieger, J., 68*
Rosemurgy, A., 56*, 329
Ross, S., 56*, 329
Rum, S., 39

Saddow, S. E., 68*
Sadic, E., 39
Sanberg, P. R., 1, 39, 70*, 71*, 179, 219
Sarkar, S., 59*
Schettini, N., 68*
Shahaduzzaman, M., 69* (2)
Shaw, L. N., 51*
Sheppard, J., 69*
Shimizu, T., 72*
Shinozuka, K., 70*
Shytle, R. D., 70*
Shyu, W., 61*
Sicking, D. L., 70*
Simoes, M. A., 76*, 381
Sinozuka, K., 58*
Smith, A. J., 55*
Smith, B., 70*
Sneed, K. B., 57*, 60* (2), 61*, 63*, 65*, 71*, 72*, 74* (3)
Soileau, M. J., 71*
Souza, F., 59*
Spengler, E., 185
Sridharan, P., 81
Stefanakos, E. K., 81, 103
Stevens, A. J., 71*
Stewart, M. T., 143
Sun, J. Z., 71*, 74* (2)
Sun, L. B., 64*
Sun, Y., 56*, 329
Sundaram, S., 54*
Swamidass, P., 72*

Tajiri, N., 58*, 70*, 72*
Tan, J., 39
Taylor, A. J., 54*
Teramoto Kimura, S. Y., 17
Thomas, M., 143
Thomas, S., 68*
Titus, J. B., 131
Trahan, J., 81
Trotz, M., 143
Tufts, R., 59*

Unnasch, T., 50*, 63*
Uppu, R. M., 64*

Vachon, D. M., 72*
Van Horn, K., 51*
Van Olphen, A., 51*
Van Scott, M. J. S., 73*
Vasconcellos, J., 58*
Vindrola-Padros, C., 25
Vo, B., 70*
Vrijmoed, L., 51*

Wade, T. E., 73*
Walker, D., 115
Walker, D. J., 53*
Walker, R. F., 277
Wang, C., 55*
Wang, J., 73* (2)
Wang, L. L., 61*
Wang, Z. X., 57*, 71*, 74* (3)
Waterman, C., 51*
Weatherford, C., 131
Webber, E., 68*
Weinbren, N., 70*
Weller, T. M., 54*
White, J., 185
White, M., 63*
Whiteford, L. M., 25
Wilcox, Jr., W. E., 303
Williams, K., 131
Willing, A. W., 69* (2)
Wills, M., 55*, 341
Winters, P. L., 49*
Witanachchi, S., 75*, 209
Wolan, J. T., 115
Wong, T. M., 75*
Wu, H., 50*

Yang, L., 71*
Yang, L. P., 60*
Yin, J. J., 75*
Young, L. D., 75*
Yung, M. M., 115

Zakaria, M. A., 76*, 381
Zaworotko, M. J., 55*
Zeller, D., 52*, 351
Zhang, Z., 65*
Zhou, H., 39
Zhou, S. F., 52*, 57*,  60* (3), 61* (2), 62* (2), 64*, 65* (3), 66*, 67*, 71*, 72*, 74* (3), 75*
Zu, H. H., 61*

*Authors of abstracts from the Inaugural Annual Conference of the National Academy of Inventors. (Note that the number in parentheses indicates the author appears in more than one abstract on that page.)

Volume 14: Subject Index

Academic, 387
Aging, 277
Aluminum, 293
Alzheimer’s disease (AD), 39, 199, 365
America Invents Act, 293
Amyloid, 199
Amyloid-β (), 39
Apolipoprotein E (apoE), 199
Argentina, 25
Assessment, 387
Asset map, 185
Assistive technology, 341
Atherosclerosis, 199
Atmospheric transmission, 303

Biomass-to-fuels, 115
Bipolar semipermeable membrane, 249
Bisphenol A (BPA), 7
Blood, 199
Bolivia, 25
Buoyancy, 143

Cancer, 25, 223
Carbon dioxide (CO2), 115, 143
Children, 25
China Medical University Beigang Hospital (CMUBH), 223
Choreography, 237
Cigarette, 39
Clean energy, 131
Clinical trial, 365
Collaboration, 351
Colpotomy, 381
Competition, 181
Computer program, 17
Concentrating solar power plants, 81
Copyright, 237
Culture, 387

Dance, 237
Deaf, 17
Dementia, 39
Device control, 341
Diagnostic test, 277
Dialytic battery, 249

Economical encapsulation, 81
Economy, 299
Electrochemical, 293
Electroluminescence, 209
Emitter, 103
Energy, 115
Energy conversion, 103
Entrepreneurship, 299, 387
Epoxy resins, 7
Estrogenic activity (EA), 7

Florida Current, 93
Fusion, 131

Ghrelin, 277
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), 365
Green house/urbane agriculture, 209
Grow-light, 209
Growth hormone deficiency and insufficiency, 277
Growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH), 277

Hands free, 341
High temperature thermal energy storage systems, 81
Humanitarian technology, 181
Human–machine interaction, 341
Hydrogen (H2), 115
Hypothalamic–pituitary function, 277

Innovation hub, 185
Innovation life cycle, 185
Innovation, 181, 185, 287, 299, 387
Innovative performance, 351
Inventing, 287
Inverter, 167
In vivo channel modeling, 329
In vivo wireless networking, 329
iScreen, 223
iSMART, 223

Job creation, 299

Laparoscopy, 381
Laser atmospheric propagation, 303
Laser remote sensing, 303

Marine and hydrokinetic energy, 93
Marine current turbine, 93
Marine renewable energy, 93
Medical travel, 25
Metrics, 387
Mexico, 17
Microgrid, 167
MIM diode, 103
Minimally invasive surgery, 329
Municipal wastewater, 143

Nanophosphor, 209
Natural orifice, 381
Network analysis, 351
Novel encapsulation technologies, 81

Ocean energy, 249
Osmotic power generation, 249

Parabiosis, 199
Paraguay, 25
Patent, 365
Patentable creativity, 287
Patenting, 287
Patents for Humanity, 181
Person having ordinary skill in the art (PHOSITA), 287
Plasmas, 131
Plastics, 7
Polycarbonates, 7
Power electronic converters, 153
Priority, 293
Product commercialization, 185
Professional organizations, 299
Pulsed power loads (PLLs), 167

, 103
Research, 185
Resonances, 153
Reverse electrodialysis (RED), 249
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 365
Ripples, 153
Risk, 39

Salinity gradient power (SGP), 249
Service-learning, 17
Smoking, 39
Software, 237
Software for laser transmission, 303
Solar, 153
Spheromak, 131
Start-up companies, 299
Stem cell, 223
Surgery, 381

TCM database@Taiwan, 223
Technology management, 185
Technology transfer, 185
Toxicity, 7
Transvaginal, 381
Turbulence, 131

United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), 181
User interface, 341

Vertical baffling, 143
Voltage source converter, 167

Wind, 153

Volume 13: Author Index

Agrawal, S., 249
Alwarappan, S., 87*
Arshadi, N., 249

Banerjee, A. K., 88*
Bjugstad, K. B., 63
Blosser, G. H., 249
Borenstein, J., 85*
Boyapalle, S., 27, 90*
Borlongan, C. V., 86*
Brown, K. G., 107
Busnaina, A., 84*

Cameron, D. F., 83*
Carey, S., 213
Chen, M., 5
Chikloti, A., 5, 83*
Cissell, K., 87*
Clark, H., 85*
Collazo, Y. T., 95, 125, 165, 175
Cover, N. F., 91*

Dao, M. L., 91*
Das, M., 88*
Davis, Y., 51, 87*
De Laurentis, K. J., 213
DeLeon, E., 137
DePaoli, D. W., 107
Dillon, P. J., 281
Dixon, P., 175
Dubey, R., 213
Dyer, K., 293

Edge, E., 151
Elineni, K. K., 88*
Emerich, D. F., 86*

Federoff, H. J., 261
Finsterle, S., 175
Freshley, M., 175
Frewin, C., 89*
Frost, J., 281
Fruchter, J. S., 151

Gallant, N. D., 85*, 88*, 89*
Garay, J., 90*
Gerdes, K., 175
Golden, J. W., 90*
Gomez, 87
Gorton, I., 175
Green, S. M., 90*
Gronda, A., 90*
Guo, Z., 267

Haefner, D. R., 119
Harper, H., 88*
Haynie, D., 83*
Heft, J., 88*
Hellermann, G., 27
Highsmith, J., 213
Hoeb, M., 89*
Hubbard, 175

Iyer, N., 137

Jansik, D. P., 151
Johnson, G. A., 241
Joshi, R., 87*

Kanakenahalli, M., 90*
Kirk, P. G., 95, 125, 165
Kong, X., 88*
Kosambiya, J. K., 305
Kumar, A., 87*, 89*, 91*, 305

Ladanov, M., 89*
Lai-Yuen, S., 91*
Lal, R., 84*
Larson, D., 84*
Leong, K. W., 85*
Li, C.-Z., 87*
Li, W., 91*
Lofaro, R. J., 225
Lopez, B. K., 281

MacKay, J. A., 5
Malik, A., 91*
Mao, H., 88*
Marra, S. L., 119
Martin, B. B., 203
Martin, D. F., 203, 233
Matthews, G., 89*
Matthews, W. G., 88*
Maulsby, R., 239
McDaniel, J. R., 5
McQueen, M. E., 213
Mengelkoch, L., 213
Meza, J., 175
Mitu, K., 293
Moghissi, A. A., 95
Mohapatra, S., 27, 51, 83*, 87*, 88*, 90 (2)*
Mohapatra, S. S., 1, 27, 51, 86*, 87*, 88*, 90*, 91*
Morris, M. L., 213
Moulton, D., 175

Nigam, H., 137
Nwachukwu, C., 89*

Oliveros, A., 89*

Patel, K., 90 (2)*
Patel, R., 90 (2)*
Pathak, Y., 75, 305
Patterson, R., 175
Pereira, C., 107
Peterson, G. R., 99
Preuss, C., 75, 305

Regalbuto, M. C., 107
Richards, E., 151

Saddow, S. E., 89*
Sanberg, P. A., 90*, 201, 241, 261
Santos, J. K., 125
Schoell, S. J., 89*
Schultz, J. R., 107
Scott, E., 87*
Seal, S., 86*
Seed, I., 165
Segro, S. S., 91*
Seitz, R., 175
Shahaduzzaman, M., 90*
Sharma, V., 90 (2)*
Sharp, I. D., 89*
Shukla, R. R., 263
Sindelar, R., 137
Sladek, J., 63, 86*
Smith, K. M., 225
Smith, S. C., 107
Steefel, C., 175
Stevens, A. J., 241
Sundarrao, S., 213
Swift, W., 137
Szilagyi, A. P., 125, 165

Tran, N., 39

Vermeul, V. R., 151
Vindrola-Padros, C., 293
Vinson, D., 137

Wang, X., 90 (2)*
Webster, T. J., 39, 85*
Wellman, D. M., 151
Wells, K. J., 305
Williamson, M., 175
Willing, A. W., 90*

Zheng, H., 90*
Zhu, M., 175

*Authors of abstracts from the 2010 Nanobio Collaborative (NBC) Conference.

Volume 13: Subject Index

Aluminum, 233
Ambulatory impairment, 267
America Invents Act, 249
Apatite, 151
Argus® II, 263
ASCEM, 175
Assistive, 213

Barrier, 119
Body/mind health, 267
Boehmite separation, 99
Bone, 39
Breastfeeding, 281

Calcium phosphate, 39
Cancer, 51
Cement, 119
Charles Martin Hall, 233
Chitosan, 27
Cockpit automation, 225
Cold Crucible Induction Melter (CCIM), 99
Commercialization, 241
Community-based participatory research, 305
Community-engaged research, 305
Community organizations, 281
Contaminate fate, 151
Corrosion, 137
Cryolite, 233
Cultural consideration, 267

3D printers, 249
Deactivation and decommissioning (D&D), 125
Decision models, 165
Disabilities, 267
Dry storage, 137

Early adopters, 241
Environmental management, 175
Evaluation, 119

Faculty evaluations, 75
Fertility preservation, 293
First-to-file, 249
First-to-invent, 249
Fluidized Bed Stream Reforming (RBSR), 99

Gene therapy, 27
Groundwater, 175
Guidelines, 293

Historical site assessments, 125
Human therapy, 63
Hydrogel, 5, 51

Inclusion complex, 5
Independent inventors, 249
India, 305
Infant health, 281
Innovation, 203
In situ remediation, 151

Knowledge elicitation, 125
Knowledge management, 125

Magnetic nanoparticles, 39
Matrix, 51
Micelle, 5
Microfluidic, 51
Mixed ability dance, 213
Mobility, 213
Model, 175
Modeling, 107
Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT), 281
Multi-Attribute Utility Theory, 165

Nanofibers, 51
Nanotechnology, 39, 75
Near Tank Treatment System (NTTS), 99
Neurological disease, 63
New matter developed postfiling, 249

Octolig®, 203
Oncofertility, 293
Operational decision making, 225
Osteoporosis, 39

Participatory action research, 305
Patents, 241
Patient decision making, 293
Performance, 119
Phosphate, 151
Physical fitness, 267
P. L. T. Héroult, 233
Postissuance, 249
Prevention, 281
Process knowledge (PK), 125
Project portfolios, 165
Project prioritization, 165
Promotion, 75, 241
Protein, 5
Public health, 305

Quality assurance, 107

Remediation, 203
Reproductive health, 281
Research reactor, 137
Retinal degeneration, 263
Review, 107
Risk identification, 225
Risk management, 225
Rolling dance chair project, 213

Safety, 27
Scaffold, 51
Self-assembly, 5
Simulation, 175
Small and large entity inventors, 249
Social barriers, 293
Spent nuclear fuel, 137
Stanford v. Roche, 249
Stem cells, 63

Tai Chi, 267
Tenure, 75, 241
Theranostic, 27
Three-tier tracking, 249
Transition metal ions, 203

United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPATO), 249, 263
Unity of invention, 249
Uranium, 151

Vesicle, 5
Visual prosthesis, 263

Waste, 107
Wheelchair design, 213
Wheelchair Taijiquan, 267
Women's health, 281

Volume 12: Author Index


Abadi, G., 153

Bauer, G., 197
Bauer, M., 89
Biddle, L., 89
Borlongan, C. V., 21
Brown, J. R., 13

Chang, W.-S., 71, 143

Emerich, D. F., 29

Federoff, H. J., 1
FitzGerald, K. T., 21
Fries, D., 89
Fultz-Carver, C., 21

Gilbert, R. A., 115
Glenn, J. F., 241
Goldberg, S. F., 233
Gutmann, R. J., 55

Hickey, J. D., 115
Holbrook, J. B., 213
Hoover, W., 153

Jones, R., 171

Kaime, E. M., 233
Kean, G., 153, 171
Killinger, D. K., 99
Lannon, C., 171
Little, B., 171
Lloyd, J., 13
Lodato, F., 79

Manning, T., 153, 171
Martin, B. B., 129
Martin, D. F., 71, 129, 143
McLeod, B., 153
McWhirter, C., 21
Moghissi, A. A., 187, 203
Moore, K. H., 233

Nienow, J., 171

Odgen, M., 153
Orive, G., 29

Phillips, D., 153
Polizzotto, L., 5
Prather-Stroud, W., 249

Race, P., 89
Raymond, S., 89
Rothenberg, M., 189
Sanberg, P. R., 1, 21
Small, M., 71, 143
Swetnam, M. S., 203

Thomas, J., 153

Wade, T. E., 55
Ward, D. R., 129
Wilbanks, W., 153

Yglesias, E., 225


Subject Index


Accountability, 213
Adult stem cells, 21
Amoxicillin, 143
Animal agriculture, 129

Basic research, 197
Bilski v. Kappos, 13
Biodesign, 79
Biomaterials, 29
Biomedical research, 241
Biomimicry, 79
Bryostatin, 171

Cell line, 153
Central nervous system, 29
Competition, 5
Conflict of interest, 197
Conservation, 249
Consumer involvement, 233
Crowd sourcing, 89

Dyes, 143

Electric field-mediated molecule delivery, 115
Electrochemotherapy, 115
Electrogene therapy, 115
Electroporation, 115
Embryonic stem cells, 21
Encapsulation, 71, 129, 143
Endangered Species Act, 249
Environment, 129
Error, 225
Ethics, 21
Expertise, 213

Federal, 225
Funding organization, 197

Gas dielectrics, 55

IC interconnect, 55
Informal science education, 89
Innovation, 5, 79, 89, 129, 233
International collaboration, 197
Laser probes, 99
Laser sensors, 99
Lesser prairie chicken, 249
Lidar, 99
Lissamine green B, 143
Mass spectrometry, 171
Medicine, 13
Merit review criteria, 189
Methods of diagnosis and treatment, 13
Microbial amplification chamber, 171
Micro/nanoelectronics, 55

National Science Foundation, 189
Natural product, 171

Octolig®, 1, 129, 143
Optical detection, 99

Patent eligible subject matter, 13
Patent law, 13
Peer review, 189, 197, 203, 213, 225, 233, 241
Pharmaceuticals, 71, 129, 143
Polymer, 29
Product development, 79

Real value, 5
Reliability, 225
Research program management, 241
Research, 89
Review, 129

Sand dune lizard, 249
Science network, 89
Scientific assessment, 203
Semiempirical PM3, 153
Siderophore, 153
Societal impacts, 213
Solubility, 153
Stakeholders, 5
Stem cells, 29
Sustainability, 79

Taxol, 153
Taxol stability, 153
Technical review, 249
Technology, 129
Threatened species, 249
Three-dimensional integrated circuits, 55
Three-dimensional integration, 55
Transplantation, 21

United States Supreme Court, 13

Validity, 225
Value Balance™, 5
Vertical review, 203

Xanthenylbenzenes, 71

Zinc phthalocyaninetetrasulfonate (ZPS), 143

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