In recent years, studies on innovation and resilience, often adopt the angle of crisis recovery or focus on value-creating innovative and creative strategies and practices. While those studies have begun to explore the underpinning principles of innovation and resilience, they often focus on a specific sector or region or viewed through the narrow lenses of economic recovery. Moreover, the theoretical and applied aspects of innovation and resilience need to be approached from a multidisciplinary point of view, to enable a better understanding of the internal and external dynamics that affect the evolution, planning and delivery of events at times of uncertainty. The pathway to success (or failure) lies on the overall innovative stance adopted by event stakeholders and the resilience demonstrated by companies and communities alike to externalities that yield not only challenges and threats; but also bear opportunities for fundamentally rethinking our practices of planning and delivering events. Therefore, an SI revisiting innovation and resilience during uncertainty will be highly relevant to both, industry and academia.
This special issue welcomes theoretical, empirical, experimental, and case study research contributions. These contributions should clearly address the theoretical and practical implications of the research in reference. Both conceptual and empirical work are welcome. Event innovation and resilience can be viewed under a variety of prisms, including but not limited to:
Innovation, creativity and change management
Competitiveness, sustainability and corporate social responsibility
Consumer behaviour, decision-making, expectations, experience and satisfaction
Event design, planning and delivery
Economics of change impacts and adaptation
Emerging and innovative research methods and methodologies
Human resources, equality, diversity, and labour operations
The role of technology in event innovation and resilience
Marketing, advertising, branding and promotional activities
Training and education
Wellbeing of employees, local communities and event participants
Other interdisciplinary areas related to event management
Each paper submitted for publication consideration is subjected to the standard review process designated by Event Management journal. Based on the recommendations of the reviewers, the Editor-in-chief along with the guest editors, decisions will be made whether particular submissions will be accepted, revised or rejected. Please note that the review process will start after the full paper submission deadline.
Authors should submit manuscripts electronically via the journal online platform (available from September 2021).
Full paper submission deadline: March 13, 2022 Expected publication date: Mid to end of 2023
All papers should follow the submission guidelines of the Event Management journal. For more information please visit Submitting Articles
Special Issue - Human Rights and the Olympics
HUMAN RIGHTS AND THE OLYMPICS, MEGA- AND MAJOR- EVENTS
EVENT MANAGEMENT JOURNAL SPECIAL ISSUE CALL
PUBLISH DATE: 2021-2022
Dr Michael B. Duignan, Head of Department and Reader in Events, School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, University of Surrey, UK.
The Olympics, mega- and major- events have a long history of human rights abuse (Amnesty International, 2021a). An increasing body of work over the last two decades have advanced a rights-based agenda in the context of large-scale events (e.g. Caudwell and McGee’s (2017) Special Issue on ‘Human Rights and Events, Leisure and Sport’ and more recently the European Funded ‘Event Rights’ (2020) project). Specific case study works have too sought to frame stakeholder exclusion as a human rights issue, as numerous social groups find have been identified to be exploited in one way or another in the melee of planning, delivery, and in the post-event legacy periods (e.g. Talbot and Carter, 2018; Duignan, Pappalepore and Everett, 2019). Indeed, large scale events too act as a platform for amplifying human rights abuses already existing in the host city and/or country context, as well as those produced as a direct and indirect result of hosting. For example, the Qatar 2022 FIFA World Cup not only exposed limited national legislation protecting labour rights in Qatar, but this was also evidenced by poor working and living conditions, as well as delayed salaries for those working on the Khalifa Stadium (Amnesty International, 2021b). Occurring over protracted time-periods and geographical boundaries, the host country and city provides a useful incubator to examine human rights issues.
Owners and organisers of large-scale events acutely recognise human rights abuses as a problem that warrants new policy interventions and closer practical relations with host cities and countries, whether that be the Commonwealth Games Foundation’s (2017): ‘Transformation 2022 Strategy – A Human Rights Commitment’, through to the “International Olympic Committee’s (IOC) human rights strategy and policy commitment” (…) looking at “further embedding human rights in the good governance principles, and the establishment of the previously announced Human Rights Advisory Committee.” (IOC, 2020). This is part of a wider movement of large events pressuring hosts to consider embedding principles and objectives aligned to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (2021). Furthermore, local organisingcommittees increasingly work with human rights organisations to tackle specific types of abuses. For example, ‘It’s a Penalty’: an international charity dedicated to raising awareness of human trafficking in host cities, works directly with Olympic venues to screen campaign videos to warn fans of the signs and how to report potential abuses (https://itsapenalty.org/)
This CFP on Human Rights and the Olympics, Mega- and Major-Events hopes to 1) expose significant human rights abuses that have not been adequately amplified to date; 2) bring together a disparate body of work looking at human rights; 3) publish existing and on-going work evaluating the legacy of previous events or looking forward to events in the year of 2021 and beyond; 4) identify good practice, like It’s a Penalty’s work, that illustrates the power of large-scale events for exposing and tackling human rights abuses too; 5) encourage scholars to act as a critical friend and work with policy makers and/or industry to help stimulate positive change.
We are looking for:
Multidisciplinary research papers that draw on a range of different ideas, concepts, theories and traditions appropriate to explain the human rights issue under investigation.
Scholars may wish to take a global perspective (i.e. by drawing on a range of event examples and cases to illustrate the ubiquity of the human rights abuse), or for example may present a specific human right issue in a specific event case study.
All papers must provide a set of policy and/or industry recommendations centred around the following themes:
EDUCATE– educating stakeholders and raising awareness of the chosen human rights issue.
EQUIP– equipping stakeholders and those affected to help tackle chosen human rights issue.
ENCOURAGE– how to encourage stakeholders and those affected to come forward to report chosen human rights issue.
N.B. Clarify how educate, equip, and encourage recommendations have transferability beyond the context you are speaking about to have more universal and/or value across numerous events.
Though this list in not exhaustive, below are examples of human rights issues found across major events:
Freedom of speech
Labour rights and worker exploitation
Lack of personal safety
Poverty and socio-economic deprivation
Torture and execution
Black Lives Matter
Forced evictions and displacement
Host community disruption
Gentrification and indirect displacement
For those looking for a deeper understanding regarding the types of human rights issues and the ways these can be analysed and tackled across the entire lifecycle of major events, we have provided two documents below.
Special Issue Title: Changing Perspectives in Fashion Events
Topicality: The fashion industry is globally important, economically and in terms of consumer culture. The industry has experienced much change over the last few decades with globalized markets, increased competition, internet retailingand overseas production. Fashion also spans a number of genres, from luxury to low-cost to streetwear, this includes sports brands expanding into casual fashion. Given that competition is global, marketing is key to gaining consumer attention and engagement. However, global production and competition has also resulted in criticisms for supply chain ethics and more frequent changes in style that have resulted in the fashion industry being a major polluter. Coupled with digital and technological advancements, consumer expectations are changing; therefore, online marketing is increasingly important and social media and mobile applications are also harnessed within the spectrum of marketing activities. Given the fast pace of change, for both the fashion industry and technology, this special issue seeks to gain an insight into the new and changing roles of fashion events (e.g., fashion shows).
Originality: In the fast-changing world of the fashion industry, it is imperative that researchers and practitioners in the field are kept abreast of the latest trends and developments. After reviewing top marketing journals (e.g., EuropeanJournal of Marketing) and more specialized journals (e.g., Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management), there are few studies on fashion industry’s usage of events when compared to other areas of fashion research, such as online marketing and purchasing behaviors. However, fashion events’ influences on individual, businesses, and society can be profound.
Aims: It is the aim of the special issue to provide insight to fashion industry’s influence on society and businesses by focusing on fashion events. It plans to develop theoretical, conceptual, and practical implications towards a better understanding of fashion events management and marketing in a global / local context.
Fashion event management/marketing
Fashion event in B2B context
Fashion event and social media
Fashion event’s influences
Ethnicity, culture, and fashion event
Fashion event, self, and others
Fashion event’s relationships with luxury fashion brands and fast fashion brands
Globalization/localization and fashion event
Literature review and meta-studies on fashion event
Fashion event programs in higher education
Dr. Elaine Ritch (Glasgow Caledonian University) Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow School for Business and Society Cowcaddens Rd, Glasgow G4 0BA Telephone: +44 (0)141 331 8459 Email: Elaine.Ritch@gcu.ac.uk
Professor Norman Peng (Glasgow Caledonian University) Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow School for Business and Society Cowcaddens Rd, Glasgow G4 0BA Telephone: +44 (0)141 331 3117 Email: Norman.Peng@gcu.ac.uk
Professor Annie Chen (Roehampton University) Roehampton University Roehampton Ln, London SW15 5PU Telephone: +44 (0)20 8392 3000 Email: Annie.Chen@roehampton.ac.uk
Peer review: This journal operates a double-blind review process. All contributions will be initially assessed by the editor for suitability for Event Management. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of twoindependent expert reviewers to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor’s decision is final. This journal uses double-blind review, which means the identities of the authors are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa.
Text: Clearly indicate all main and subheadings. Follow the APA Publication Manual (6th edition) guidelines for citing references in the text (see below) and for the reference list. All figures and tables must be cited in the text in the orderin which they appear (do not incorporate figures and tables within the body of the text; include at the end of the file, each on a separate page). The file should be arranged as: title-only cover page, title page (following the guidelinesabove under Title Page), abstract and 3 to 5 key words, main body text, reference list, figure legends, tables, and figures (or provide figures in a separate file).
References: The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order. Follow APA Publication Manual (6th edition) for text and reference list citations, per the examples below. [Note: always provide citation page number(s) for quoted material.] Include in the reference list only those cited in the text and ensure that all text citations have an entry in the reference list.
Text citations: (Gunn, 1990) or (Fesenmaier et al., 1994; Mazanec, 1992, 1993; Uysal & Gitelson, 1994) or (Crompton, 1979, p. 411) (for quoted material). Note that names are to be alphabetical within the parenthetical, NOT by date order.
Journal article: Crouch, I. G. (1994). The study of international tourism demand: A review of findings. Journal of Travel Research, 33(1), 12–23.
Book citation: Witt, E. S., & Witt, C. A. (1992). Modeling and forecasting in tourism. London: Academic Press.
Book chapter in edited book: Frechtling, C. D. (1994). Assessing the impacts of travel and tourism: Measuring economic benefits. In J. R. Brent Ritchie & C. R. Goeldner (Eds.), Travel, tourism, and hospitality research (2nd ed., pp. 367–391). New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Internet Source: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2009). The impact of culture on tourism. Retrieved from http://www.oecdbookshop.org
Please note that citations such as “personal communication” should be cited parenthetically in the text only. Do not include in the reference list.
Event Management, an International Journal, has been meeting the research, educational, and analytic needs of the rapidly growing profession focused on global events for more than 20 years. This field has developed and evolved in size and impact globally to become a major business with numerous dedicated facilities and a large-scale generator of tourism. The field encompasses meetings, conventions, festivals, expositions, sport, and other special events. Event management is also of considerable importance to government agencies and not-for-profit organizations in pursuit of a variety of goals, including fundraising, the fostering of causes, and community development.
Event Management aims to continue to be the leading source of research reports and analysis related to all forms of event management. This journal publishes refereed manuscripts, commentaries, research notes, case studies, invited articles,book reviews, and documentation of news and trends. It also invites topical opinion pieces, profiles of organizations, and management case studies.
Event Management is governed by an international editorial board consisting of experts in event management, tourism, business, sport, and related fields. This board conducts most of the manuscript reviews and plays a large role in setting the standards for research and publication in the field. The Editor-in-Chief receives and process all manuscripts, and from time to time will modify the editorial board, ensuring a continuous improvement in quality. The journal, sold by annual subscription, is published six numbers per volume in print and online.
Kenneth Backman Clemson University PRTM Lehstaky Hall Clemson, SC 29634, USA E-mail: email@example.com ASSISTANT EDITOR
Karin Emmons, Clemson University, USA REGIONAL EDITOR UK
Emma Abson, Sheffield Business School, UK Charles Arcodia, Griffith University, Australia Jarrett Bachman, Fairleigh Dickinson University, Canada Sheila J. Backman, Clemson University, USA Hyejin “Jina” Bang, Florida International University, USA Soyoung Boo, Georgia State University, USA Glenn Bowdin, Leeds Beckett University, UK Libby Carter, Birmingham City University, England Jose Andres Coca-Stefaniak, University of Greenwich, UK Margaret Daniels, George Mason University, USA Simon Darcy, University of Technology Sydney, Australia Anthony W. Dixon, Troy University, USA Jason Draper, Hilton University of Houston, USA Mike Duignan, University of Surrey, UK Zeynep A. Gedikoglu, Clemson University, USA Sandra Goh, Auckland University of Technology, New Zealand Christian (Chris) D. Hanna, Georgia Southern University, USA Rob Harris, University of Technology Sydney, Australia Tom Hinch, University of Alberta, Canada Yu Chih Huang, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan Caroline Jackson, Bournemouth University, UK David Jarman, Edinburgh Napier University, UK Xin (Cathy) Jin, Griffith University, Australia Maximiliano E. Korstanje, University of Palermo, Argentina Brian D. Krohn, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, USA Martinette Kruger, North-West University, South Africa Grzegorz Kwiatkowski, Koszalin University of Technology, Poland Yanning Li, University of Surrey, UK Leonie Lockstone-Binney, Griffith University, Australia Renuka Mahadevan, The University of Queensland, Australia Eleni (Elina) Michopoulou, University of Derby, UK Irem Arsal Önder, University of Massachusetts, USA Norman Peng, University of Westminster, UK James Petrick, Texas A&M University, USA Luke R. Potwarka, University of Waterloo, Canada Gregory Ramshaw, Clemson University, USA Greg W. Richards, Tilburg University, The Netherlands Geoffrey Koome Riungu, Moi University, Kenya Debbie Sadd, Bournemouth University, UK Susan L. Slocum, George Mason University, USA Wayne Smith, Ryerson University, Canada Louise Todd, Edinburgh Napier University, UK Christine M. Van Winkle, University of Manitoba, Canada Craig Webster, Ball State University, USA Jon Welty Peachey, University of Illinois, USA Kyle M. Woosnam, University of Georgia, USA Suiwen “Sharon” Zhou, San Francisco State University, USA Emily Zirbes, Iowa State University/EZ Global Link, Canada
Larry Dwyer, University of New South Wales, Australia Jafar Jafari, University of Wisconsin-Stout, USA Chris Ryan, University of Waikato, New Zealand Muzaffer Uysal, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, USA
Donald Getz, University of Calgary, Canada Bruce Wicks, University of Illinois, USA
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Manuscript submission: Authors should submit manuscripts electronically via email to Kenneth Backman (firstname.lastname@example.org). Follow the guidelines below to prepare the manuscript, figures, and tables.
General manuscript preparation: Manuscripts should be submitted as a Word document, double spaced, with 1-inch margins, with all pages numbered. A cover page with the title only should be included because manuscripts are sent out for blind review. Include figures and tables at the end of the file or provide figures in a separate file attachment. Do not incorporate the figures and tables within the manuscript text. Main and secondary headings should be clearly identifiable.
Title page: This should contain the title of the manuscript, all author names with their titles, and corresponding affiliation(s) for each author, which includes Department, Institution, City (State), Country and email address. The corresponding author must be clearly designated and a complete mailing address and email address for the corresponding author must be included (phone and fax numbers are optional). A short title of approximately 40 characters maximum should also be included.
Abstract and key words: Provide an abstract of up to 300 words. It should contain an abbreviated representation of the content of the manuscript. Major results, conclusions, and/or recommendations should be given, followed by supporting details of method, scope, or purpose as appropriate. Do not cite references in the abstract. Supply 3 to 5 keywords suitable for indexing.
Text: Clearly indicate all main and subheadings. Follow the APA Publication Manual (6th edition) guidelines for citing references in the text (see below) and for the reference list. All figures and tables must be cited in the text in the order in which they appear (do not incorporate figures and tables within the body of the text; include at the end of the file, each on a separate page). The file should be arranged as: title-only cover page, title page (following the guidelines above under Title Page), abstract and 3 to 5 key words, main body text, reference list, figure legends, tables, and figures (or provide figures in a separate file).
References: The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order. Follow APA Publication Manual (7th edition) for text and reference list citations, per the examples below. Consult chapters 8 and 9 in the manual for complete text citations and reference list entries manual. [Note: always provide citation page number(s) in the text for quoted material from a printed source.] Internet source references must have a functional URL. Include in the reference list only those cited in the text and ensure that all text citations have an entry in the reference list.
Text citations:(Mahadevan, 2019) or (Fesenmaier et al., 1994; Kruger & Saaymen, 2018; Mazanec, 1992, 1993; Shipway & Miles, 2020) or (Porter, 2019, p. 242) (for quoted material). Note that names are to be alphabetical within the parenthetical, NOT by date order.
Journal article:Pernecky, T., & Rakic, T. (2019. Visual methods in event studies. Event Management, 23(2), 179–190. https://doi.org/10.3727/152599518X15378845225447 Book citation:Getz, D., & Page, S. J. (2016). Event studies: Theory, research, and policy for planned events (3rd ed.). Routledge. Book chapter in edited book:Dwyer, L., Forsyth, P., & Spurr, R. (2006). Economic evaluation of special events. In L. Dwyer & P. Forsyth (Eds.), International handbook on the economics of tourism (pp. 316–355). Edward Elgar. Internet source: Chipps, W. (2010, June 3). FIFA secures $1.6 billion in world cup sponsorship revenues. IEG. http://www.sponsorship.com/About-IEG/Press-Room/FIFA-Secures-$1-6-Billion-in-World-Cup-Sponsorship.aspx
Please note that citations such as “personal communication” should be cited parenthetically in the text only. Do not include in the reference list.
Inclusive and Bias-Free Language: Authors should ensure that their manuscript is free from bias, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and does not indicate cultural dominance or make cultural assumptions. Use appropriate and unbiased language descriptors regarding age, disability, gender, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and other personal factors. Consult Chapter 5 of the 7th edition of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for bias-free language guidelines.
Use of Copyright Material: Authors must attest their manuscript contains original work and provide proof of permission to reproduce any content (artwork, photographs, tables etc.) in connection with their manuscript, also ensuring their work does not infringe on any copyright and that they have obtained permission for its use. It is important to note that any and all materials obtain via the Internet/social media (including but not limited to Face Book, Twitter, Instagram, etc.) falls under all copyright rules and regulations and permission for use must be obtained prior to publication.
Figures: All figures should be provided in .doc, .tif, .jpg, or .pdf format, at high resolution. Do not incorporate figures within the text of the manuscript. Figures should be prepared without color unless the figure is to be printed in color [note there is a charge for printing figures in color (see Author Options below)]. Avoid light shading that will not reproduce well. Labeling and figure detail must be large enough to be legible after reduction to fit page parameters. Each figure must be cited in the text and legends for all illustrations should be included at the end of the manuscript file. Do not incorporate the figure legend or figure number as part of the figure itself.
Tables: Table material should not duplicate the text. Include a title caption and headings for columns. Avoid very wide or very long tables that would not fit on one printed page. Place tables on separate pages at the end of the manuscript. Cite each table in the text. Do not imbed tables within the text of the manuscript; include at the end of the file, each on a separate page.
Copyright: Publications are copyrighted for the protection of authors and the publisher. A Transfer of Copyright Agreement will be sent to the author whose manuscript is accepted. The form must be completed and returned with the final manuscript files(s).
Author Options: Articles appearing in Event Management are available to be open access and also contain color figures (neither is a condition for publication). Authors will be provided with an Author Option Form, which indicates the following options.
A voluntary submission fee of $125.00 includes one free page of color and a 50% discount on additional color pages (color is discounted to $100.00 per color page).
Open access is available for a fee of $200.00 for up to 15 pages and $50.00 for each additional page. Color would be discounted to $100.00 per color page.
If you choose to have your article be open access, an Open Access form will be sent with the amount due based on the number of pages at proof stage. The Open Access form will need to be completed and returned with payment information and any corrections to the proof prior to publication.
The use of color in articles is an important feature. Your article may contain figures that should be printed in color. There is a charge for figures appearing in color. Cost for color figure in an article $200.00 (if not paying Voluntary Submission Fee or Open Access Fee). A payment form will be provided with your proof if you take advantage of this option, which will need to be completed and returned with any corrections to the proof prior to publication.
Author Option Form: The Author Option form will be sent to the author whose manuscript is accepted. The form must be completed and returned with the final manuscript file(s) even if the answer is “No” to the options. This form serves as confirmation of your choice for the options.
Page Proofs: Page proofs will be sent electronically to the designated corresponding author prior to publication. Minor changes only are allowed at this stage. The designated corresponding author will receive one free copy of the issue in which the article is published and a free pdf file of the final press article will be sent by email.
Disclaimer: Although every effort is made by the publisher and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinion, or statement appears in this Journal, they wish to make it clear that the data and opinions appearing in the articles and advertisements herein are the sole responsibility of the contributor or advertiser concerned. Accordingly, the publisher, the editorial board, editors, and their respective employees, officers, and agents accept noresponsibility or liability whatsoever for the consequences of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion, or statement.
Peer Review Policy
Event Management(EM) Peer Review Policy
Peer review is the evaluation of scientific, academic, or professional work by others working in the same field to ensure only good scientific research is published.
In order to maintain these standards, Event Management (EM) utilizes a double blind review process whereby the identity of the reviewers is not known to authors and the authors are not shown on the article being reviewed.
The peer review process for EM is laid out below:
An article is first checked for its topical suitability and basic formatting by the Editor-In-Chief (EIC).
The submission, with all identification removed, is sent to an Editorial Board member by the EIC, within 7 days. The Editorial Board member then sends the submission to two other scholars within 7 days. The reviewers are always experts in their field. Authors may not suggest reviewers; however, they are allowed to suggest reviewers to be avoided due to a potential conflict of interest.
Comments from the reviewers are expected in 4-8 weeks or less and are delivered to the Editorial Board member. The Board member then has 7 days to send his/her recommendation to the EIC who assesses the merit of the manuscript based on comments received.
Authors receive detailed comments along with the final decision of: accept, accept with minor revisions, accept with major revisions, or rejection within 7 days. The comments to authors are blinded.
Authors would have 12 months to resubmit a revised paper. Notification of final decision is typically 2 weeks’ time.
As a reviewer for Event Management you would have the benefit of reading and evaluating current research in your area of expertise at its early state, thereby contributing to the integrity of scientific exploration.
If you are interested in becoming a reviewer for EM please contact the EIC: Kenneth Backman Clemson University. E-mail: email@example.com
As a reviewer for Event Management, you can take advantage of the following incentive:
If you review three papers for one of the Cognizant journals (Tourism Review International, Tourism Analysis, Event Management, Tourism Culture and Communication, Tourism in Marine Environments, and Gastronomy and Tourism) within a one-year period, you will qualify for a free OPEN ACCESS article in one of the above journals.
The publishers and editorial board of Event Management have adopted the publication ethics and malpractice statements of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) https://publicationethics.org/core-practices. These guidelines highlight what is expected of authors and what they can expect from the reviewers and editorial board in return. They also provide details of how problems will be handled. Briefly:
Event Management is governed by an international editorial board consisting of experts in event management, tourism, business, sport, and related fields. Information regarding the editorial board members is listed on the inside front cover of the printed copy of the journal in addition to the homepage for the journal at: https://www.cognizantcommunication.com/journal-titles/event-management under the “Editorial Board” tab.
This editorial board conducts most of the manuscript reviews and plays a large role in setting the standards for research and publication in the field. The Editor-in-Chief receives and processes all manuscripts and from time to time will modify the editorial board to ensure a continuous improvement in quality.
The reviewers uphold a peer review process without favoritism or prejudice to gender, sexual orientation, religious/political beliefs, nationality, or geographical origin. Each submission is given equal consideration for acceptance based only on the manuscript’s importance, originality, academic integrity, and clarity and whether it is suitable for the journal in accordance with the Aims and Scope of the journal. They must not have a conflict of interest with the author(s) or work described. The anonymity of the reviewers must be maintained.
All manuscripts are sent out for blind review and the editor/editorial board will maintain the confidentiality of author(s) and their submitted research and supporting documentation, figures, and tables and all aspects pertaining to each submission.
Reviewers are expected to not possess any conflicts of interest with the authors. They should review the manuscript objectively and provide recommendations for improvements where necessary. Any unpublished information read by a reviewer should be treated as confidential.
Manuscripts must contain original material and must not have been published previously. Material accepted for publication may not be published elsewhere without the consent of the publisher. All rights and permissions must be obtained by the contributor(s) and should be sent upon acceptance of manuscripts for publication.
References, acknowledgments, figure legends, and tables must be properly cited and authors must attest their manuscript contains original work and provide proof of permission to reproduce any content (artwork, photographs, tables, etc.) in connection with their manuscript, also ensuring their work does not infringe on any copyright and that they have obtained permission for its use. It is important to note that any and all materials obtain via the Internet/social media (including but not limited to Face Book, Twitter, Instagram, etc.) falls under all copyright rules and regulations and permission for use must be obtained prior to publication.
Authors listed on a manuscript must have made a significant contribution to the study and/or writing of the manuscript. During revisions, authors cannot be removed without their permission and that of all other authors. All authors must also agree to the addition of new authors. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that this occurs.
Financial support and conflicts of interest for all authors must be declared.
The reported research must be novel and authentic and the author(s) should confirm that the same data has not been and is not going to be submitted to another journal (unless already rejected). Plagiarism of the text/data will not be tolerated and could result in retraction of an accepted article.
When humans, animals, or tissue derived from them have been used, then mention of the appropriate ethical approval must be included in the manuscript.
The publishers agree to ensure, to the best of their abilities, that the information they publish is genuine and ethically sound. If publishing ethics issues come to light, not limited to accusations of fraudulent data or plagiarism, during or after the publication process, they will be investigated by the editorial board including contact with the authors’ institutions if necessary, so that a decision on the appropriate corrections, clarifications, or retractions can be made. The publishers agree to publish this as necessary so as to maintain the integrity of the academic record.
Towards Sustainable Practice in the Event Industry: Insights From Practitioners – 213 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/152599519X15506259856462
Yun Qing Liu* and Weng Si (Clara) Lei†
*Business School, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia †School of Hospitality Management, Macao Institute for Tourism Studies, Macao, China
The event industry, being very wide and dynamic, is often reported in negative terms when it comes to environmental issues. In view of the serious nature of environmental issues nowadays, the authors see a pressing need to examine the current efforts being made in relation to environmental sustainability in the event industry. This article aims to reveal the level of awareness of the environmental impact of the organization of events, the sustainable green practices that are in place in practice, and the potential improvements in environmental sustainability actions, from the point of view of professional event planners. Qualitative in-depth interviews were conducted to collect insights from professional event planners. A total of eight event planners, with between 4 and 25 years of event planning experience, were interviewed. The interview data were transcribed verbatim and coded to identify thematic topics for discussion. The findings are encouraging and demand attention from industry practitioners. All the respondents were well aware of the current environmental impact caused by the organization of events. Sustainable green practices are in place in some companies, and insights into those practices were revealed. Potential improvements in sustainable green actions were examined. The education of employees and clients is identified as key for the implementation of sustainable green practices.
Inspiring Participation in a New Sport Opportunity: Exploring the Role of Event Experience and Spectator Characteristics – 227 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/152599519X15506259856291
Georgia Teare,* Luke R. Potwarka,† Ryan Snelgrove,† and David Drewery†
*School of Human Kinetics, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada †Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
This study addresses a fundamental question underpinning demonstration effects: Can watching elite sport events inspire spectators to actively participate themselves? Our purpose was to identify intrapersonal and experiential mechanisms that might help explain a demonstration effect, particularly in the context of an international track cycling event. Spectators of the 2015 Pan American Games track cycling competitions (N = 326) were screened to ensure they had never participated in the sport. Participants were then administered a survey assessing preevent engagement, positive affect, trait inspiration, state inspiration, and intention to participate in track cycling after watching the competition. Data were examined using structural equation modeling. Preevent engagement and state inspiration were found to have significant and direct influences on postevent participation intention. Positive affect was found to have no direct significant influence on participation intention. State inspiration significantly mediated relationships between preeventengagement, positive affect, trait inspiration, and participation intention. Our study suggests previous knowledge of the sport, spectators’ personalities, and spectator experiences that evoke intense feelings of being inspired while immersed in the event are salient mechanisms involved in decisions to try a new sport on display. To leverage potential demonstration effects, we suggest sport managers engage ticket holders in advance of novel sport events to increase knowledge about the sport, and present postevent program information during an event to capitalize on heightened states of inspiration.
Event Motives and Demographic Characteristics: Case of 14th Turkey Koc Sports Fest University Games – 245 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/152599519X15506259856534
Nuray Selma Ozdipciner,* EylinAktaş,† and SeherCeylan‡
*Department of Tourism Management, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey †Department of Public Relations and Publicity, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey ‡Department of Tourism and Hotel Management, Social Sciences Vocational School, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
Events constitute a subject on which is placed much importance both in practice and theory due to tourism potential they create and their various positive impacts. There are a number of studies conducted on events from various angles and studies dealing with event motives form an important part in these. However, there are fewer studies analyzing the relation between demographical characteristics and event motives. Analyzing event motives according to demographical characteristics is an important subject that may influence decisions to be taken in the processes of creation, planning, and management of events. The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between spectators’ event motives and their demographic characteristics to determine event motives for festivals and sports events as well as which demographic variables create differences on which motives and to develop suggestions for event managers. In line with this purpose, a survey was conducted to include spectators of 14th Koc Sports Fest University Games, hosted by PamukkaleUniversity and Denizli Metropolitan Municipality in 2017. A questionnaire answered by a total of 794 spectators was analyzed through explanatory factor analysis in the frame of the scale drawn with the help of the 2001 study by Nicholson and Pearce, and the 2013 study by Polat, and event motives for Koc Sports Fest were determined as socialization, sports as a lifestyle, excitement, event novelty, escape, and institution/event image. Findings show that socialization is the most important motive for spectators and motive of escape differs among all demographic groups. In addition, there was another finding showing that spectators having urban or rural origins created differences in every event motive, except socialization motive.
The Natural Environment as an Agent in the Design and Operation of the Bournemouth Air Festival – 263 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/152599519X15506259856804
The Faculty of Management, Bournemouth University, Dorset, UK
There is a growing body of literature that discusses the protection of the natural environment in relation to events and festivals. However, there is little that demonstrates the value of nature to event stakeholders. This research contributes by recognizing the natural environment as an agent in the design and operation of the Bournemouth Air Festival, which is held on land, sea, and in the air. The case study was undertaken iteratively and within an inductive approach drawing on multiple sources of evidence, namely in-depth and unstructured interviews with stakeholders; observation and documentary evidence. In the absence of a theoretical proposition, the analytical strategy adopts a multidisciplinary approach to develop a case description. The study reveals first, the value of natural capital to the Festival and secondly, it develops a new model demonstrating the variability of the natural environment as an agent in the design and operation of the event. This shows that changes in the environment have occurred historically, recently, and even sometimes during the Festival. The latter create the greater challenges for the organizers as they may be consistent in their agency or inconsistent and further divide between those which are predictable, those which are foreseeable, and those which are unforeseeable. The article concludes with a discussion of the effect nature’s actions have on event planning in its various forms and other implications for management.
Strategic Sustainability Management in the Event Sector – 279 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/152599519X15506259856318
Mark Wickham, Timothy Donnelly, and Linda French
Tasmanian School of Business & Economics, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
Although the Triple Bottom Line approach has underpinned significant progress in our knowledge of sustainability in the event sector, scholars have recently criticized this approach for its overemphasis on reporting outcomes and have called for a new conceptualization that accounts for strategic inputs in order to maintain progress towards greater sustainability knowledge and performance. This research utilizes a widely-accepted strategic framework, the Resource-Based View of the Firm, as a lens to gain insight into the inputs of strategic sustainability management in the events sector. Therefore, the research question to be addressed is: What resources and capabilities are associated with best-practice strategic sustainability management in the event sector? In order to address this question, a qualitative content analysis of the websites of 10 international music events that have achieved best-practice sustainability accreditation from the Greener Festival Awards organization was conducted. Analysis of the data detected 11 resources and inferred 14 capabilities associated with best-practice strategic sustainability management in the event sector. The data also demonstrated the interrelationships that exist between the sample events’ resource deployment and suggests that reputational capital plays a key role (both as a desirable outcome of, but also a critical resource input into) in best-practice sustainability management. Lastly, this article concludes with a range of research opportunities going forward relating to sustainability management in the event sector.
Influencing Active Sport Tourists’ Loyalty to Event and Destination – 297 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/152599519X15506259856336
Joanne Jung-EunYoo,* Brianna Newland,† and Woojin Lee‡
*Department of Hospitality and Sport Business Management, University of Delaware, Newark, DE, USA †School of Professional Studies, Tisch Institute for Global Sport, New York University, New York, NY, USA ‡School of Community Resources and Development, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA
The value for an active sport tourist is directly embedded in the cocreation of his/her experience with the event and the destination. This study argues that individual travel resources enable an active sport tourist to create value with the event organization and, through flow-on tourism, the destination provider. The study explores the impact of the active sport tourists’ travel resources on the cocreation of the event experience by testing whether they influence the event and/or the destination loyalty. Understanding these interrelationships is imperative, as the active sport tourists’ loyalty can help achieve a competitive advantage for the event and the destination service providers. A survey of 649 active sport tourists was conducted. The results indicated that sport event attributes played a role in the creation of the active sport tourists’ experiences through sharing and integrating of their travel resources. The findings also showed that the event loyalty of active sport tourists enhances their destination loyalty. The study suggests that destination marketers should exploit the sport event by bundling destination attributes that extend opportunities for cocreation that may lead to lengthened stays and more spending at the event destination.
Key words: Active sport tourism; Event; Destination; Tourist resources; Cocreation
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