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Aims & Scope
The aim of Tourism Analysis is to promote a forum for practitioners and academicians in the fields of Leisure, Recreation, Tourism, and Hospitality (LRTH). As a interdisciplinary journal, it is an appropriate outlet for articles, research notes, and computer software packages designed to be of interest, concern, and of applied value to its audience of professionals, scholars, and students of LRTH programs the world over. The scope of the articles will include behavioral models (quantitative-qualitative), decision-making techniques and procedures, estimation models, demand-supply analysis, monitoring systems, expert systems and performance evaluation, assessment of site and destination attractiveness, new analytical tools, research methods and related areas such as validity and reliability, scale development, development of data collection instruments, methodological issues in cross-national and cross-cultural studies, and computer technology and use.
Professor, School of Hotel, Restaurant and Tourism Management
College of Hospitality, Retail and Sport Management
University of South Carolina
Columbia, SC 29208
Associate Professor, Department of Recreation, Park, and Tourism Management
School of Health and Human Development
Penn State University
704M Ford Building
University Park, PA 16802
REGIONAL ASSOCIATE EDITORS FOR THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION
Faruk Balli, Massey University, New Zealand
Dan Wang, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Keith Hollinshead, Independent Scholar, England and Australia, Warwickshire, UK
BOOK REVIEWS EDITOR
Marcjanna M. Augustyn, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, UK
RESEARCH NOTES EDITOR
Rich Harrill, International Tourism Research Institute, China Tourism Group, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA
Kathleen L. Andereck, Arizona State University, USA
Albert Assaf, University of Massachusetts, USA
Guy Assaker, Lebanese American University, Lebanon
Marcjanna Augustyn, Bournemouth University Business School, UK
Ernest Azzopardi, University of Malta, Malta
Mark A. Bonn, Florida State University, USA
Ilenia Bregoli, University of Lincoln, UK
Juan Antonio Campos-Soria, University of Malaga, Spain
Laurence Chalip, University of Illinois, USA
Annie Chen, University of West London, UK
Mingming Cheng, University of Otago, New Zealand
Hwan-Suk Chris Choi, University of Guelph, Canada
Germa Coenders, University of Girona, Spain
Nuno Crespo, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal
Jonathon Day, Purdue University, USA
Giacomo Del Chiappa, University of Sassari, Italy
Jinyang Deng, West Virginia University, USA
Tarik Dogru, Boston University, USA
Yuksel Ekinci, University of Portsmouth, UK
Erdogan H. Ekiz, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
Rachel J. C. Fu, University of Florida, USA
Matthias Fuchs, Mid Sweden University, Sweden
Martina González-Gallarza Granizo, Universitat de Valéncia, Spain
Ulrike Gretzel, University of Southern California, USA
Huimin Gu, Beijing International Studies University, China
Ulrich Gunter, MODUL University Vienna, Austria
Rob Hallak, University of South Australia, Australia
Tzung-Cheng Huan, National Chiayi University, Taiwan
Tazim Jamal, Texas A&M University, USA
SooCheong (Shawn) Jang, Purdue University, USA
Pandora Kay, Deakin University, Australia
Ksenia Kirillova, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Jennifer Laing, La Trobe University, Australia
Timothy Jeonglyeol Lee, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Japan
Jun (Justin) Li, South China Normal University, China
Vincent Magnini, Virginia Tech, USA
Bruce Marti, University of Rhode Island, USA
Xavier Matteucci, MODUL University Vienna, Austria
Yeganeh Morakabati, Bournemouth University, UK
Ana María Munar, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Jaume Rosselló Nadal, Universitat de Illes Balears, Spain
Sarah Nicholls, Michigan State University, USA
Harmen Oppewal, Monash University, Australia
Ahmet Bulent Ozturk, University of Central Florida, USA
Steven Pike, Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Yaniv Poria, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Israel
Juan Ignacio Pulido-Fernández, University of Jaén, Spain
Haywantee Rumi Ramkissoon, Curtin University, Australia
Wiston Adrián Risso, University of the Republic, Uruguay
José António C. Santos, Universidade do Algarve, Portugal
Zvi Schwartz, University of Delaware, USA
Ercan Sirakaya-Türk, University of South Carolina, USA
M. Joseph Sirgy, Virginia Tech, USA
Vincent Wing Sun Tung, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong
Anja Tuohino, University of Eastern Finland, Finland
Shui-Ki Wan, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
Kyle M. Woosnam, University of Georgia, USA
Hung Che Wu, Sun Yat-sen University, China
Anita Zehrer, MCI Management Center Innsbruck, Austria
EDITORIAL ADVISORY BOARD
Seyhmus Baloglu, University of Nevada, USA
John C. Crotts, College of Charleston, USA
Geoffrey I. Crouch (former co-editor), La Trobe University, Australia
Larry Dwyer, Griffith University, Australia
Daniel Fesenmaier (co-founding editor), University of Florida, USA
Josef Mazanec, MODUL University Vienna, Austria
Stephen L. J. Smith, University of Waterloo, Canada
Harry Timmermans, Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands
Muzaffer Uysal (co-founding editor), University of Massachusetts, USA
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The Introduction section should include the specified research gap(s) in the literature, the study’s exact research objectives, the importance/significance of the study, originality, and theoretical contributions (preferably within the first few paragraphs or first two pages). The paper should make original, value-added contributions to the theory and practice of tourism management and policy.
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Journal article: McKercher, B., Shoval, N., Park, E., & Kahani, A. (2015). The [limited] impact of weather on tourist behavior in an urban destination. Journal of Travel Research, 54(4), 442–455.
Book: Gladney, D. C. (2004). Dislocating China: Muslims, minorities, and other subaltern subjects. University of Chicago Press.
Book chapter in edited book: Boes, K., Buhalis, D., & Inversini, A. (2015). Conceptualising smart tourism destination dimensions In I. Tussyadiah & A. Inversini (Eds.), Information and communication technologies in tourism 2015 (pp. 391–403). Springer.
Internet source: Clabaugh, J. (2018). Another record year for DC tourism: 22.8 million visitors. https://wtop.com/business-finance/2018/08/another-record-year-for-dc-tourism-22-8m-visitors/
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Tourism Analysis (TA) Peer Review Policy
Tourism Analysis (TA) employs a double blind review process.
Submitted manuscripts are reviewed by the editorial office for format, content requirements, and authors contact information. The editor-in-chief (EIC) then reviews the manuscript for its methodology, grammar, and language use and decides whether it deserves to move to the next level. If the manuscript is found to not meet minimum quality standards the EIC will desk-reject the manuscript.
If the manuscript is written following TA guidelines and meets minimum standards, the EIC invites four to five reviewers from a mixture of the review board members, past reviewers within the database, or new recruits depending upon the need of the expertise area. Typically, the reviewers are given four to nine weeks to review the manuscript and provide feedback.
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Invited manuscripts do not go through a rigorous peer review process but one or two reviewers are still recruited to help the submitting author make needed adjustments to enhance the manuscript.
As a reviewer for Tourism Analysis you can take advantage of the following incentive:
If you review three papers for one of the Cognizant journals (Tourism Review International, Tourism Analysis, Event Management, Tourism Culture and Communication, Tourism in Marine Environments, and Gastronomy and Tourism) within a one-year period, you will qualify for a free OPEN ACCESS article in one of the above journals.
If you are interested in becoming a reviewer for TA, please contact the Editor in Chief: Ercan Sirakaya-Türk, Professor, College of Hospitality, Retail and Sport Management, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA – Email: email@example.com
The publishers and editorial board of Tourism Analysis have adopted the publication ethics and malpractice statements of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) https://publicationethics.org/core-practices. These guidelines highlight what is expected of authors and what they can expect from the reviewers and editorial board in return. They also provide details of how problems will be handled. Briefly:
Tourism Analysis is governed by an international editorial board consisting of experts in Leisure, Recreation, Tourism, and Hospitality (LRTH), and related fields. Information regarding the editorial board members is listed on the inside front cover of the printed copy of the journal in addition to the homepage for the journal at: https://www.cognizantcommunication.com/journal-titles/tourism-analysis under the “Editorial Board” tab.
This editorial board conducts most of the manuscript reviews and plays a large role in setting the standards for research and publication in the field. The Editor-in-Chief receives and processes all manuscripts and from time to time will modify the editorial board to ensure a continuous improvement in quality.
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Table of Contents:
Volume 26, Number 4
Does Historical Nostalgia Predict Tourists’ Delight and Their Destination Loyalty Intention for the World Cultural Heritage Site of Mahabalipuram, India? – 249
Anil Verma* and G. Rajendran†
*VIT Business School, Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India
†Department of Management Studies, Guindy, Chennai, India
Delighting consumers has been one of the most important goals for marketing stakeholders but the effect of historical nostalgia on tourists’ delight at the world cultural heritage sites has rarely been examined. This study examines the impact of historical nostalgia on the heritage tourists’ delight, their satisfaction, and destination loyalty intention. The survey for the study was conducted at the world cultural heritage site of Mahabalipuram, India. The hypotheses were tested through the structural equation modeling technique. The results indicated positive and significant effect of historical nostalgia on tourists’ delight, satisfaction, and destination loyalty intention. The study makes contribution to the tourism studies by examining the role of historical nostalgia in delighting the tourists at the cultural heritage sites and instructs the managers to evoke such experiences to keep the heritage tourists delighted and thereby enhance their loyalty.
Key words: Historical nostalgia; Tourists’ delight; Satisfaction; Destination loyalty intention
Gratifications of Travel Photo Sharing (GTPS) on Social Media: Scale Development and Cross-Cultural Validation – 265
Jo-Chun Liao,* Yao-Chin Wang,† Chin-Hsun Tsai,‡ and Bei Zhao*
*School of Management, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian, China
†Department of Tourism, Hospitality and Event Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA
‡Department of Apparel, Events, and Hospitality Management, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, USA
Sharing photos on social media has become a vital tourist behavior during a journey. However, gratifications behind such sharing in tourists’ minds is not yet fully clarified in tourism literature. Therefore, based on uses and gratifications (U&G) theory, this study develops and validates a scale measuring gratifications of travel photo sharing (GTPS) on social media. In Study 1, we conducted an exploratory factor analysis with responses from 200 tourists (47.50% individualistic culture and 52.50% collectivistic culture). In Study 2, we implemented confirmatory factor analysis with responses from 300 tourists (100% collectivistic culture). In Study 3, using samples from 200 tourists (50% individualistic culture and 50% collectivistic culture), we examined the relationships between GTPS dimensions and mobile phone involvement. Finally, we developed a 13-item GTPS with four dimensions: social attraction, mental accomplishment, self-disclosure, and habitual pastime.
Key words: Uses and gratifications (U&G) theory; Photo sharing; Social media; Scale development; Cross-cultural validation
Predicting Behavioral Intention: The Mechanism From Pretrip to Posttrip – 279
Shuyue Huang,* Hwansuk Chris Choi,† Ye Shen,‡ and Howook (Sean) Chang§
*Business and Tourism Department, Mount Saint Vincent University, Halifax, Canada
†School of Hospitality, Food & Tourism Management, University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada
‡Department of Experience Industry Management, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, CA, USA
§Chaplin School of Hospitality and Tourism Management, Florida International University, Miami, FL, USA
Despite research on predicting tourist behavioral intention, the existing research lacks a holistic understanding of the interrelationships among the determinants (i.e., a continuous mechanism from pretrip to posttrip). This article develops an integrated model to test the effects of motivation (pretrip), tourist activity participation and perceived value (on-site), and satisfaction (posttrip) on behavioral intention to help explain this mechanism. This article first establishes a five-factor structure of motivation and then examines the causal relationships among research constructs using structural equation modeling (SEM). Results show that motivation directly and significantly affects all other constructs and has strong total effects on satisfaction and behavioral intention. Tourist activity participation predicts satisfaction but not the behavioral intention. The relationships among perceived value, satisfaction, and behavioral intention are consistent with the literature. Regarding the total effects on behavioral intention, satisfaction is the strongest predictor, followed by perceived value and motivation. Also, this study is among only a few attempts to explore the Canadian domestic tourism market and provides marketing insights into destination marketing organizations (DMOs).
Key words: Motivation; Perceived value; Satisfaction; Behavioral intention; Canadian tourism market
Do International Tourism, Structural Changes, Trade Openness, and Economic Growth Matter in Determining CO2 Emissions in Pakistan? – 293
Wajahat Ali,* Farah Sadiq,† Tafazal Kumail,†‡ and Asad Aburumman§
*Bahria Business School, Bahria University, Islamabad, Pakistan
†Department of Tourism Management, Guangxi University, Nanning, China
‡College of Tourism and Service Management, Nanaki University, Tianjin, China
§University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirate
The present study investigates the role of international tourist arrivals, structural change, consumption of energy, international trade, and economic growth on CO2 emissions in Pakistan over a period of 1980–2017. The study employed ARDL model, which revealed that there is a strong positive long-run association between CO2 emission and its determinants except for structural changes and trade that have no significant impact on CO2 emissions. Results reveal that tourism activities in Pakistan are environment friendly and it can add to preserve the scenic areas and major visitors’ spots in the country to attract more visitors to increase the revenue of the country. The study further applied Granger causality test and ratifies unidirectional causality from structural change, international tourist arrivals, and consumption of energy towards CO2 except from international trade. Moreover, this study employed DOLS technique to get long-run robust estimates.
Key words: CO2 emission; Tourism; Structural change; Consumption of energy; Economic growth; Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL)
Traveling Artists’ Roles: An Asynchronous Email Interview – 307
Department of Marketing, Branding and Tourism, Middlesex University, London, UK
This study uses as a case the dilapidated neighborhood of Lakkos in the city of Heraklion, Crete, Greece, to broaden the conventional view of traveling artists, as creative producers of artistic spaces with tourism potential. Through the use of secondary sources, observations, and asynchronous in-depth email interviewing having as a sample 24 traveling artists who voluntary devote their time and effort to an art project outside their original countries, this study found that the traveling artists under study place emphasis on long-term travel schedules that allow them to perform three roles while visiting Lakkos: those of tourists, artists, and volunteers. These attributes distinguish them not only from mainstream tourists visiting the city of Heaklion and the island of Crete, but also from cultural, art, and creative tourists. The findings of the study are discussed in relation to the methodology of asynchronous email interviewing and the findings of past research.
Key words: Traveling artists’ roles; Murals; Art tourism; Creative tourism; Voluntarism
Tourists’ Willingness to Pay for Nature-Based Experiences – 319
May Kristin Vespestad and Thomas Gressnes
School of Business and Economics, UIT the Arctic University of Norway, Harstad, Norway
This article deals with willingness to pay (WTP) for nature as a public good. The study addresses the relationships between motivation for nature-based experiences, environmental engagement, involvement with nature experiences, relationship with nature, preferred degree of adaptation of nature and consumers’ WTP. The aim was to identify factors that influence WTP for nature-based tourist experiences. The study relies on quantitative survey data from 1,634 respondents in Norway. The data were analyzed using SPSS. WTP varies according to factors such as escape, recognition, active achievement, esthetics, social and environmental concern, preference for adaptation, and type of natural surroundings. Tourists who place importance on, for example, peer recognition and escape, have a higher WTP for nature that is not overcrowded and with little or no adaptation for tourism purposes. The article discusses practical issues such as how WTP should affect management decisions about the pricing of nature tourism, and presents the theoretical and practical implications of the results.
Key words: Willingness to pay; Nature-based tourist experiences; Access; Sustainable tourism development
Sensing, Seizing, and Reconfiguring: Understanding Wine Tourism Development in Emerging Economies Through the Dynamic Capabilities Approach – 333
Abel Duarte Alonso and Seng Kiat Kok
School of Business and Management, RMIT University Vietnam, Saigon, Vietnam
In exploring three wine regions located in emerging economies through the lens of the dynamic capabilities framework, this study contributes theoretically and empirically to the wine tourism and wine entrepreneurship literature. Unstructured, face-to-face interviews conducted among 32 Argentinian and Chilean wineries revealed the effects of and the potential to be gained from infrastructure, socioeconomic, and visitor demographic changes. Moreover, sensing and seizing upon potential opportunities was strongly associated with the above changes. More importantly, preparing for the future through reconfiguration or continuous renewal was illustrated—for instance, through a desire for highly personalized winery experiences. With the increasing globalization of the wine industry and resulting wine tourism alternatives/substitutes, developing dynamic capabilities becomes crucial for the sustainability of wineries and wine regions. A proposed model based on the research enables understanding and appreciating opportunities and challenges in a dynamic wine tourism environment.
Key words: Dynamic capabilities; Wine industry; Wine tourism development; Emerging economies
The Role of Personal Values and Personality Traits on Intention to Recommend a Destination – 349
Arnold Japutra,* Sandra Maria Correia Loureiro,† and Shasha Wang‡
*Business School, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
†Instituto Universitario de Lisboa (ISCTE-IUL), Business Research Unit (BRU/IUL), Lisbon, Portugal
‡School of Advertising, Marketing and Public Relations, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia
In this study, the researchers explore the antecedents of tourists’ intention to recommend a destination using an extended Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB). Two personal values (i.e., prosocial and maturity) and two personality traits (i.e., extraversion and agreeableness), which are rarely studied but important elements for marketers to better understand the market (e.g., segment the market), are examined. To test the extended model of TPB, a survey (n = 312) was conducted with tourists in Portugal. The researchers find support for the hypothesis that tourists with higher prosocial values, maturity values, and extraversion personality traits are more likely to have a favorable attitude toward a destination and a tendency to recommend the destination. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed.
Key words: Prosocial values; Maturity values; Extraversion; Agreeableness; Word-of-mouth (WOM)
Antecedents and Consequences of Souvenir Authenticity – 363
Xiangping Li, Fiona X. Yang, and Virginia Meng-Chan Lau
School of Tourism Management, Macao Institute for Tourism Studies, Macao SAR, China
This study aims to examine the relationships between souvenir authenticity and its antecedents, as well as its consequences, using a consumer-based model of authenticity. A quantitative survey was conducted with tourists visiting Macao, and a valid sample of 275 tourists was used for data analysis. Empirical results indicate that there is a positive relationship between souvenir authenticity and its antecedents, namely souvenir-purchasing motivations. In addition, souvenir authenticity is positively related to its consequences, including existential authenticity, cultural destination image, and destination loyalty. While the results lend support to the consumer-based model of authenticity in the context of souvenirs, the findings also offer some practical implications for souvenir retailers as well as destination marketers.
Key words: Souvenir authenticity; Existential authenticity; Souvenir-purchasing motivations; Destination image; Destination loyalty
Wealth Effects of Housing and Stock Markets on Outbound Tourism – 377
Chew Ging Lee
Economics and Finance, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK
Chancellery, Wawasan Open University, Penang, Malaysia
The effects of stock market wealth and housing wealth on the demand for outbound tourism by the residents of Singapore, while controlling for other important determinants for outbound tourism, are investigated. From the empirical results, the author concludes that there is weak evidence to support the presence of stock market wealth effect and strong evidence to support the presence of housing wealth effect on outbound tourism. Weak evidence of stock market wealth effect is observed because the model derived from Akaikeinformation criterion does not find significant effect of stock market wealth, but the model derived from Schwartz criterion shows that positive stock market wealth effect is present. Strong evidence of housing wealth effect is observed because the models estimated with both criteria show that housing wealth has negative effect on such consumption. The importance of the government intervention in the public housing of Singapore that leads to such negative housing wealth effect is explained in the conclusion.
Key words: Wealth effects; Demand for outbound tourism; Housing wealth; Stock market wealth; Singapore
Governance Quality and Tourism: Moderation of Social Determinants of Crime – 383
Avik Sinha* and Tuhin Sengupta†
*Centre for Excellence in Sustainable Development, Goa Institute of Management, Goa, India
†Department of Operations Management & Quantitative Techniques, Indian Institute of Management Indore, Indore, India
Researchers have identified the impact of crime rates on tourism development, and in this study we intend to look into the possible social causes behind those impacts. In this pursuit, we analyze the moderating role of social determinants of crime in shaping the association between tourism development and governance for 30 Asia-Pacific countries over 1990–2017. In methodological terms, we have employed principal component analysis (PCA) for index building and generalized method of moments (GMM) for the estimation of long run elasticities. Using PCA, we have built separate indices for tourism development and social indicators. Results of GMM indicate that incidents of unemployment and increase in refugee population can diminish the positive impact of education on the association between tourism development and governance. The policymakers need to focus more on capacity building and job creation for internalizing the social imbalances, which might hamper the governance quality for fostering the development of the tourism sector.
Key words: Tourism development; Refugee; Crime; Governance; Generalized method of moments (GMM)
Consumer Motivation to Choose Airbnb Plus Homes – 389
Yangyang Jiang and Cenhua Lyu
Nottingham University Business School China, University of Nottingham Ningbo China, Ningbo, China
Airbnb Plus is an upscale lodging service offered by the Airbnb platform. The Airbnb Plus business has become a noteworthy marketing phenomenon and the customer behavior of Airbnb Plus necessitates academic attention. Drawing on the theory of planned behavior, a conceptual model is established and tested to provide insights into the consumer’s motivation and intention to adopt an upscale marketing offering of the accommodation sharing economy system. A total of 342 valid responses were collected through an online survey. The results show that economic benefits, home benefits, authenticity, hedonism, and quality each positively influence the consumer’s intention to adopt Airbnb Plus. In addition, hedonism emerges as the strongest predictor of the intention to choose Airbnb Plus homes. Neither social interaction nor social status has a significant effect on the intention to use Airbnb Plus. Theoretical contributions and practical implications of this study are discussed.
Key words: Airbnb Plus; Motivation; Behavioral intention; Hedonism
Volume 26 Subject and Author Index – 395
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