Tourism Review International (TRI) is a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the advancement of scholarly and managerially oriented knowledge throughout all fields of tourism. In doing so, the journal’s content reflects a broad-based portfolio approach that includes: (1) General manuscripts, (2) Review articles that summarize the current state of knowledge on a specific area within tourism—these articles review, evaluate, and build theory/concept, and provide new directions to future research, (3) Invited articles and commentaries from thought leaders in the discipline, (4) Theme-based research published as special issues, (5) Short research notes that clarify concepts, theories, definitions, and/or methods, and (6) Book and software reviews. All manuscripts submitted to TRI are reviewed by recognized scholars using a double-blind procedure. Although the journal has an international focus, manuscripts need not be cross-cultural to be considered for publication. Instead, the primary criterion for publication is the extent to which the manuscript demonstrates a meaningful contribution to the literature in tourism and tourism-related activities. Authors are encouraged to contact the editor-in-chief through email if they have any questions.
In order to enable researchers to develop appropriate research papers, special issues are announced in advance. The quality of the papers will be assessed through a double-blind peer review process that will include acknowledged leaders in that particular thematic field.
GyanNyaupane, Ph.D. Professor, School of Community Resources & Development Arizona State University 411 N. Central Avenue, Ste 550 Phoenix, AZ 85004-0690 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
David Cárdenas, University of South Carolina, USA Chun-Chu Chen, University of Idaho, USA Shu Cole, Indiana University, USA Larry Dwyer, University of New South Wales, Australia DoganGursoy, Washington State University, USA Kam Hung, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China Kiki Kaplanidou, University of Florida, USA Brian King, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China Maximiliano Korstanje, University of Palermo, Argentina Christian Laesser, University of St. Gallen, Switzerland Woojin Lee, Arizona State University, USA Stephen W. Litvin, The College of Charleston, USA Duarte B. Morais, North Carolina State University, USA Cristian Morosan, University of Houston, USA Stephen Page, University of Bournemouth, UK Cody Paris, Middlesex University, United Arab Emirates Girish Prayag, University of Canterbury, New Zealand Chris Ryan, University of Waikato, New Zealand Carla Santos, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA Pauline Sheldon, University of Hawaii-Manoa, USA Matthew Stone, California State University – Chico, USA MorenTibabo Stone, University of Botswana, Botswana Arch Woodside, Boston College, USA Kyle Woosnam, University of Georgia, USA Yang Yang, Temple University, USA
Kathy Andereck, Arizona State University, USA Kenneth Bartkus, Utah State University, USA Frederic Dimanche, SKEMA Business School, France Cathy Hsu, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China Xiang (Robert) Li, University of South Carolina, USA Lori Pennington-Gray, University of Florida, USA James F. Petrick, Texas A&M University, USA
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Manuscript submission: Authors should submit Word document manuscripts electronically via Scholastica at https://tri.scholasticahq.com
Follow the guidelines below to prepare the manuscript, figures, and tables.
General manuscript preparation: Manuscripts should be submitted as a Word document, double spaced, with all pages numbered. A cover page with the title only should be included because manuscripts are sent out for blind review. Include figures and tables at the end of the file or provide figures and tables in a separate file attachment. Do not incorporate the figures and tables within the manuscript text. Main and secondary headings should be clearly identifiable.
Title page: This should contain the title, all author names and corresponding affiliation(s) for each author, which includes Department, Institution, City (State), Country. The corresponding author must be clearly designated and a complete mailing address and email address for the corresponding author must be included (phone and fax numbers are optional). A short title of approximately 40 characters (or less) should also be included.
Abstract and Key words: Provide an abstract of 200 to 250 words. It should contain an abbreviated representation of the content of the manuscript. Major results, conclusions, and/or recommendations should be given, followed by supporting details of method, scope, or purpose as appropriate. Do not cite references in the abstract. Supply 3 to 5 keywords suitable for indexing.
Text: Clearly indicate all main and subheadings. Follow the APA Publication Manual (6th edition) guidelines for citing references in the text (see below) and for the reference list. All figures and tables must be cited in the text in the order in which they appear (do not incorporate figures and tables within the body of the text). The file should be arranged as: title-only cover page, title page (with names and affiliations), abstract and key words, main body text, reference list, figure legends, tables, and figures (or provide figures and tables in a separate file).
References: The reference listshould be arranged in alphabetical order. Follow APA Publication Manual (6th edition) for text and reference list citations, per the examples below. [Note: always provide citation page number(s) in the text for quoted material from a printed source.] Include in the reference list only those cited in the text and ensure that all text citations have an entry in the reference list.
Text citations: (Gunn, 1990) or (Fesenmaier et al., 1994; Mazanec, 1992, 1993; Uysal & Gitelson, 1994) or (Crompton, 1979, p. 411) (for quoted material). Note that names are to be alphabetical within the parenthetical, NOT by date order.
Journal article: Chen, C.-C., Lin, Y.-H., & Petrick, J. F. (2012). International stereotype and the collective construction of destination image. Tourism Analysis, 17(1), 55–66. Book:Goeldner, C., & Ritchie, B. (2011). Tourism: Principles, practices, philosophies (12th ed.). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons. Book chapter in edited book: Hall, C. M., & Jenkins, J. (2004). Tourism and public policy. In A. Lew, C. M. Hall, & A. Williams (Eds.), A companion to tourism (pp. 425–540). Oxford, UK: Blackwell. Internet source:United Nations World Tourism Organization. (2017). Tourism highlights: 2017 edition. Retrieved from http://publications.unwto.org/publication/unwto-tourismhighlights-2017-edition-0
Please note that citations such as “personal communication” should be cited parenthetically in the text only. Do not include in the reference list.
Use of Copyright Material: Authors must attest their manuscript contains original work and provide proof of permission to reproduce any content (artwork, photographs, tables etc.) in connection with their manuscript, also ensuring their work does not infringe on any copyright and that they have obtained permission for its use. It is important to note that any and all materials obtain via the Internet/social media (including but not limited to Face Book, Twitter, Instagram, etc.) falls under all copyright rules and regulations and permission for use must be obtained prior to publication.
Figures: All figures should be provided in .doc, .jpg, .tif, or .pdf format, at high resolution. Do not incorporate figures within the text of the manuscript. Figures should be prepared without color unless the figure is to be printed in color [note there is a charge for printing figures in color (see Author Options below)]. Avoid light shading that will not reproduce well. Labeling and figure detail must be large enough to be legible after reduction to fit page parameters. Each figure must be cited in the text and legends for allillustrations should be included at the end of the manuscript file. Do not incorporate the figure legend or figure number as part of the figure itself.
Tables: Table material should not duplicate the text. Include each table on a separate page at the end of the manuscript or as a separate file. Include a title for each table (do not incorporate tables within the text of the manuscript). Avoid overly wide or long tables that would not fit printed page parameters.
Copyright: Publications are copyrighted for the protection of authors and the publisher. A Transfer of Copyright Agreement will be sent to the corresponding author whose manuscript is accepted for publication. The form must be completed and returned with the final manuscript files(s).
Author Options: Articles appearing in Tourism Review International are available to be open access and also contain color figures (neither is a condition for publication). Authors will be provided with an Author Option Form, which indicates the following options.
A voluntary submission fee of $125.00 includes one free page of color and a 50% discount on additional color pages (color is discounted to $100.00 per color page).
Open access is available for a fee of $200.00 for up to 15 pages and $50.00 for each additional page. Color would be discounted to $100.00 per color page.
If you choose to have your article be open access, an Open Access form will be sent with the amount due based on the number of pages at proof stage. The Open Access form will need to be completed and returned with payment information and any corrections to the proof prior to publication.
The use of color in articles is an important feature. Your article may contain figures that should be printed in color. There is a charge for figures appearing in color. Cost for color figure in an article $200.00 (if not paying Voluntary Submission Fee or Open Access Fee). A payment form will be provided with your proof if you take advantage of this option, which will need to be completed and returned with any corrections to the proof prior to publication.
Author Option Form: The Author Option form will be sent to the author whose manuscript is accepted. The form must be completed and returned with the final manuscript file(s) even if the answer is “No” to the options. This form serves as confirmation of your choice for the options.
Page Proofs: Page proofs will be sent electronically to the designated corresponding author prior to publication. Minor changes only are allowed at this stage. The designated corresponding author will receive one free copy of the issue in which the article is published and a free pdf file of the final press article will be sent by email.
Disclaimer: Although every effort is made by the publisher and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinion, or statement appears in this Journal, they wish to make it clear that the data and opinions appearing in the articles and advertisements herein are the sole responsibility of the contributor or advertiser concerned. Accordingly, the publisher, the editorial board, editors, and their respective employees, officers, and agents accept no responsibility or liability whatsoever for the consequences of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion, or statement.
Peer review is the evaluation of scientific, academic, or professional work by others working in the same field to ensure only good scientific research is published.
In order to maintain these standards, Tourism Review International (TRI) utilizes a double-blind review process whereby the identity of the reviewers and authors is not known to each other.
The peer review process for Tourism Review International is laid out below:
The paper is first checked to determine if it is formatted according to the TRI Guidelines for Authors. Further, the authors need to provide statements that the paper has not been published before, it is not presently under consideration for in any publication, and it will not be submitted elsewhere until TRI has completed its review process.
The paper is then reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief (EIC) for the content. If the paper does not meet the minimum quality standard, it is desk rejected. Papers that meet the minimum quality standard are sent out to reviewers.
The EIC selects at least two reviewers who have expertise within the topic. Typically, reviewers are given three to four weeks to review the papers and provide feedback.
Once the comments are received from reviewers, the EIC assesses the merit of the paper and makes a decision to accept, revise and resubmit, or reject. In case of special issue papers, the special issue editors do the initial screening, invite reviewers, and make decisions. Usually authors receive the initial review within two months of submission.
As a reviewer for Tourism Review International you can take advantage of the following incentive:
If you review three papers for one of the Cognizant journals (Tourism Review International, Tourism Analysis, Event Management, Tourism Culture and Communication, Tourism in Marine Environments, and Gastronomy and Tourism) within a one-year period, you will qualify for a free OPEN ACCESS article in one of the above journals.
If you are interested in becoming a reviewer for TRI, please contact the EIC Professor Gyan P. Nyaupane, Arizona State University, USA at email@example.com.
The publishers and editorial board of Tourism Review International have adopted the publication ethics and malpractice statements of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) https://publicationethics.org/core-practices. These guidelines highlight what is expected of authors and what they can expect from the reviewers and editorial board in return. They also provide details of how problems will be handled. Briefly:
Tourism Review International is governed by an international editorial board consisting of experts dedicated to the advancement of scholarly and managerially-oriented knowledge throughout all fields of tourism. In doing so, the journal’s content reflects a broad-based portfolio approach that includes: (1) Theme-based research, (2) General research, (3) Literature reviews (all types), (4) Invited essays and commentaries from thought leaders in the discipline, (5) Research notes that clarify concepts, theories, definitions, and/or methods, (6) Book and software reviews, and (7) Technical reports from distinguished research groups. Information regarding the editorial board members is listed on the inside front cover of the printed copy of the journal in addition to the homepage for the journal at: https://www.cognizantcommunication.com/journal-titles/tourism-review-international under the “Editorial Board” tab.
This editorial board conducts most of the manuscript reviews and plays a large role in setting the standards for research and publication in the field. The Editor-in-Chief receives and processes all manuscripts and from time to time will modify the editorial board to ensure a continuous improvement in quality.
The reviewers uphold a peer review process without favoritism or prejudice to gender, sexual orientation, religious/political beliefs, nationality, or geographical origin. Each submission is given equal consideration for acceptance based only on the manuscript’s importance, originality, academic integrity, and clarity and whether it is suitable for the journal in accordance with the Aims and Scope of the journal. They must not have a conflict of interest with the author(s) or work described. The anonymity of the reviewers must be maintained.
All manuscripts are sent out for blind review and the editor/editorial board will maintain the confidentiality of author(s) and their submitted research and supporting documentation, figures, and tables and all aspects pertaining to each submission.
Reviewers are expected to not possess any conflicts of interest with the authors. They should review the manuscript objectively and provide recommendations for improvements where necessary. Any unpublished information read by a reviewer should be treated as confidential.
Manuscripts must contain original material and must not have been published previously. Material accepted for publication may not be published elsewhere without the consent of the publisher. All rights and permissions must be obtained by the contributor(s) and should be sent upon acceptance of manuscripts for publication.
References, acknowledgments, figure legends, and tables must be properly cited and authors must attest their manuscript contains original work and provide proof of permission to reproduce any content (artwork, photographs, tables, etc.) in connection with their manuscript, also ensuring their work does not infringe on any copyright and that they have obtained permission for its use. It is important to note that any and all materials obtain via the Internet/social media (including but not limited to Face Book, Twitter, Instagram, etc.) falls under all copyright rules and regulations and permission for use must be obtained prior to publication.
Authors listed on a manuscript must have made a significant contribution to the study and/or writing of the manuscript. During revisions, authors cannot be removed without their permission and that of all other authors. All authors must also agree to the addition of new authors. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that this occurs.
Financial support and conflicts of interest for all authors must be declared.
The reported research must be novel and authentic and the author(s) should confirm that the same data has not been and is not going to be submitted to another journal (unless already rejected). Plagiarism of the text/data will not be tolerated and could result in retraction of an accepted article.
When humans, animals, or tissue derived from them have been used, then mention of the appropriate ethical approval must be included in the manuscript.
The publishers agree to ensure, to the best of their abilities, that the information they publish is genuine and ethically sound. If publishing ethics issues come to light, not limited to accusations of fraudulent data or plagiarism, during or after the publication process, they will be investigated by the editorial board including contact with the authors’ institutions if necessary, so that a decision on the appropriate corrections, clarifications, or retractions can be made. The publishers agree to publish this as necessary so as to maintain the integrity of the academic record.
Overtourism: An Analysis of its Coverage in the Media by Using Framing Theory – 75 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/154427220X15845838896314
Connor Clark* and Gyan P. Nyaupane*†
*School of Community Resources and Development, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA †College of Business & Economics, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
The purpose of this study is to obtain a deeper understanding of how the media frames the recent overtourism phenomenon and to theorize the impacts of such framing on policy making and mitigation by using framing theory. We conducted a content analysis of 85 media articles to compare the negative impacts of overtourism across destination types. The results revealed media reports of critical environmental impacts at national parks, beach destinations, and archaeological sites; high socioeconomic impacts at archaeological sites, island destinations, and urban destinations; and high infrastructural impacts at national parks, archaeological sites, and island destinations. Differences in the severity of impacts by destination type have implications for destination planning and management frameworks. We also used Entman’s classification of frames to analyze the media’s portrayal of the phenomenon. Results revealed that the media overemphasizes redefining overtourism and fails to cover a range of possible solutions for properly managing the complex issue, especially by major news sources. These findings suggest that the media continuously redefines overtourism as a new phenomenon and oversimplifies its complexity, which prevents addressing the root cause of the problem and misleads policy implications. Theoretical implications of media framing are discussed, as are remedial strategies for destination management.
Adapting Herzberg: Predicting Attendees’ Motivation, Satisfaction, and Intention to Revisit a Festival in Cameroon Using an Ordered Logit Approach – 91 DOI: https://doi.org/1010.3727/154427220X15845838896323
Tembi Maloney Tichaawa and Love Odion Idahosa
School of Tourism & Hospitality, College of Business and Economics, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, South Africa
Festivals have, increasingly, become an important research focus in tourism. This study adapts Herzberg’s two-factor theory to determine the satisfaction levels of attendees at the Festival of Arts and Culture (FESTAC), held in Limbe, Cameroon. Specifically, it investigated how the above are influenced by their a priori motivations to attend the event, and how their levels of satisfaction, in turn, affect their revisit intentions. Using survey data collected from 324 participants at the Festival, the study employed various specifications of the ordered logit model to predict the odds of attendees’ satisfaction levels and revisit intentions, based on their motivation for attending the event. The findings confirm the applicability of the Herzberg theory in evaluating the relationship between the participants’ motivation factors and their related satisfaction levels. Consistent with the existing literature, their satisfaction levels were also found to influence their return intentions significantly. The results also emphasize the moderating effect of expenditure considerations on the attendees’ satisfaction levels. The findings, which have implications for both the event planners and the festival organizers, highlight the superiority of unique festival “motivators” in predicting satisfaction levels, suggesting that event planners focus on such characteristics if they intend to increase the attendees’ satisfaction levels.
Key words: Motivation; Satisfaction; Festival attendees; Ordered logit model; Cameroon
Muslim Tourist Religiosity, Perceived Values, Satisfaction, and Loyalty – 109 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/154427220X15845838896341
Alexander Preko,* Iddrisu Mohammed,† and Leeford Edem Kojo Ameyibor*
*University of Professional Studies, Accra, Ghana †University of Ghana Business School (UGBS), Accra, Ghana
This study investigates the relationships among Muslim tourists’ perceived values, satisfaction, loyalty, and the moderating effect of religiosity. These relationships are explored with a sample of 396 Ghanaian Muslim tourists visiting Larabanga Mosque. Structural equation modeling and multigroup analysis were used to explore the relationships and the moderating effect of the studied variables. The results revealed that perceived values of Muslim had positive effects on tourist satisfaction and tourist satisfaction had a positive influence on loyalty. However, quality and social values had negative effects on satisfaction. In addition, the significant moderating effect of Muslim religiosity on the relationship between perceived value and tourist satisfaction was established. The results of the study validate the viability of Islamic tourism practices that would build positive intention to revisit or recommend destinations among potential Muslim tourists for future Islamic tourism market. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings are also discussed.
Exploring Push and Pull Motivations of Russian Tourists to Turkey – 127 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/154427220X15912253254419
Aslihan Dursun Cengizci, Gozdegul Başer, and Sezer Karasakal
Tourism Faculty, Antalya Bilim University, Dosemealti Campus, Antalya, Turkey
Diverse studies have focused on understanding the travel motivations of tourists, yet few explain the specific travel motivations of Russian tourists. In this regard, this study aims to explore the push and pull factors that motivate Russian tourists to visit Antalya, Turkey. Escape was regarded as the most important push factors, while the appealing outdoors was found to be the most important pull factor. An importance–performance analysis suggests that hotel services need to be improved. Regression analyses show that overall satisfaction was mostly affected by satisfaction with hotel services, while positive word-of-mouth and revisit intentions were affected the most by satisfaction with the appealing outdoors. Lastly, correlation analysis was used to discover interconnections between the push and pull motivation factors. Recommendations are provided for tourism authorities.
Key words: Push and pull motivation factors; Importance–performance analysis; Russian tourists; Antalya
Characterizing Tourism Destination and Policies Forward: The Case in Bantayan Island, Philippines – 143 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/154427220X15912253254428
Kafferine D. Yamagishi,* Ann Myril C. Tiu,†‡ Reciel Ann B. Tanaid,†‡ Maria Esther F. Medalla,† Eula Margareth Y. Jabilles,§ Shirley Ann A. Caballes,§ Dharyll Prince M. Abellana,§ Celbert M. Himang,¶ and Lanndon A. Ocampo§¶
*Department of Tourism Management, Cebu Technological University, Cebu City, Philippines †Department of Foods, Garments and Cosmetology Technology, Cebu Technological University, Cebu City, Philippines ‡Institute of Food Science, Innovation and Technopreneurship, Cebu Technological University, Cebu City, Philippines §Department of Industrial Engineering, Cebu Technological University, Cebu City, Philippines ¶Graduate School, Cebu Technological University, Cebu City, Philippines
This work reports a holistic tourism destination assessment of Bantayan Island (Philippines) using an expanded tourism area life cycle (TALC) model. The expanded TALC contains five evaluation areas: destination characteristics, marketing response, economic impact, social impact, and environmental impact. Using various sources of evidence, findings suggest that Bantayan Island is positioned in the involvement stage of the TALC model. However, specific areas yield different results as the island is in the development–consolidation stage for destination characteristics, involvement–development for marketing response, involvement for economic impacts, development for social impacts, and involvement for environmental impacts. With these findings, various policy insights for destination management are offered, such as establishing carrying capacity, embracing a proactive marketing content and marketing analytics, managing resiliency of the locals and the tourism industry, integrating local culture in tourism packages, and reducing material and energy use and waste generation. These insights can be extended to other tourism destinations with similar conditions, particularly in developing countries.
Key words: Tourism destination; Destination management; Tourism area life cycle; Developing countries
Motivation, Behaviors, and Travel Activities of Beer Tourists – 167 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/154427220X15912253254437
Matthew J. Stone,* Roberta Garibaldi,† and Andrea Pozzi†
*Department of Recreation, Hospitality, and Parks Management, California State University, Chico, Chico, CA, USA †Department of Foreign Languages, Literatures and Cultures, University of Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy
This article explores the demand side of beer tourism, in particular the characteristics of travelers motivated by beer experiences using a survey of American leisure travelers (N = 562). Travelers motivated by beer (called “beer tourists” or “beer travelers”) can be considered a distinct market segment. They take part in both food tourism (e.g., taking a food or beverage tour) and many general tourism activities (e.g., attending major events, attending performing arts events) at a higher rate than other leisure travelers. This fits within cultural omnivore theory, and beer tourists can be considered “cultural omnivores” participating in activities not solely related with their primary travel motivation. While traveling, beer tourists also reported spending 42% more per day on food and beverage than other leisure travelers, indicating their value to destinations. Practical implications for destinations include cross-marketing and promotion, as beer-motivated tourists spend money across a wide variety of experiences. Theoretical implications are also discussed.
RESEARCH NOTE Time For Reset? Covid-19 and Tourism Resilience – 179 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3727/154427220X15926147793595
UC Business School, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand
As a rapidly evolving global pandemic, COVID-19 provides several opportunities for tourism researchers to study the resilience of the tourism industry from a socioecological system perspective. Pandemics are not new and, similar to other crises and disasters, can have lasting impacts on individuals, businesses, communities, and nations. This article offers ways to explore how COVID-19 could affect different aspects of tourism resilience, adopting a three-level approach (macro, meso, and micro). While recognizing that these three levels are not necessarily mutually exclusive, interactions between them can be a worthy area of research in itself. This article proposes a research agenda on COVID-19 and tourism system resilience and contributes to further understanding of scale of change (temporal and spatial), impacts, and resilience. The article identifies, for example, resilience of destinations, organizations, and tourists as important areas of future research in relation to the pandemic. However, theoretical advancements and managerial implications of such research should not be sacrificed at the expense of the opportunities that the context of COVID-19 presents. It is time for reset not only for the tourism industry but also for tourism researchers.
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Tourism Review International (TRI) is an ESCI and SCOPUS indexed peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the advancement of scholarly and managerially-oriented knowledge throughout all fields of tourism and is published four issues per year.
Special Issue Editors:
Tembi Tichaawa, Associate Professor and Head of Department Christian Rogerson, Distinguish Professor School of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Gyan P. Nyaupane, Professor and Interim Associate Dean, Arizona State University
Tourism is a dynamic phenomenon in a state of constant change. As such, issues of tourism and change has been explored by researchers, mainly incorporating social and economic dynamics that continue to shape the development of contemporary tourism (Lew, 2014), albeit from a global perspective. Geographically, the changing nature of tourism is anchored on the transforming relationships between demand and supply (Woosnam & Kim, 2014). Changes, whether historical or current, affect how residents and stakeholders perceive tourism and related impacts (Nyaupane, Lew & Tatsugawa, 2014). This special issue broadens the discussion around tourism in change, with a specific focus on Africa. Change in tourism is not a new phenomenon, not least for the region of sub-Saharan Africa. Nevertheless, events of recent decades intensified the changing characteristics of African tourism. Overall, the impress of globalization, better access to and high mobility of available capital developed transportation systems, social media and global marketing, the sharing economy, economic growth in new market areas, security measures, increasing need to regulate the growth of tourism due to climate change and biodiversity challenges, for example, have all contributed to the changing characteristics and processes of African tourism. The COVID-19 pandemic is the most recent potential driver of change in the tourism landscape and economy of Africa. From another perspective, tourism represents a change for African destinations and various stakeholders as many localities and regions try to use tourism as a vehicle for positive change in destination economies and communities. Indeed, for the past two decades several international organizations, policy-makers and governments – national and sub-national- have increasingly framed the tourism industry and its local and regional development connections as high-potential tools for sustainable development. Tourism in many cases, however, has become an agent of negative change and a tool for exacerbating inequalities and imposing negative environmental impacts for destination communities across Africa. The aim of this special issue is to investigate different aspects of tourism in change in sub-Saharan Africa – past and present. Using a range of both theoretical and applied perspectives this special issue seeks to analyze tourism in change within the specific development context of sub-Saharan Africa. Several themes can be explored, including, but not limited to:
Turning points in African tourism; past and present
Local economies and tourism in change
Tourism resilience and recovery strategies
Agritourism in change
Heritage and heritage tourism in change
Changing inner-city tourism
Changing sport tourism
Changing festival, events and MICE tourism
Environmental change, including climate change
Ecotourism and the community
Reconceptualizing tourism planning and policy
Rethinking domestic and regional tourism
Change in resident perceptions of tourism development
Revisiting historical research in tourism
Business tourism in Africa
Re-imagining visiting friends and relatives tourism
Tourism and technology
Tourism and pandemics
Expressions of interest/extended abstract of 500 words due: September 15, 2020. Email to firstname.lastname@example.org Notification of acceptance of abstracts: 30th September 2020 Submission of full papers: before February 1, 2021. Online at https://tri.scholasticahq.com Anticipated date of Publication: Towards the end of 2021
Robert N. Miranda, Publisher/Chairman Lori H. Miranda, President/COO