Items viewed per month for this Journal through Ingenta Connect:
Table of Contents: 1,058
Full Text Downloads: 205
$550.00 – $580.00
Call for Papers
Special issue of Tourism Review International
Africa Tourism in Change
Tourism Review International (TRI) is an ESCI and SCOPUS indexed peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the advancement of scholarly and managerially-oriented knowledge throughout all fields of tourism and is published four issues per year.
Special Issue Editors:
Tembi Tichaawa, Associate Professor and Head of Department
Christian Rogerson, Distinguish Professor
School of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Gyan P. Nyaupane, Professor and Interim Associate Dean, Arizona State University
Tourism is a dynamic phenomenon in a state of constant change. As such, issues of tourism and change has been explored by researchers, mainly incorporating social and economic dynamics that continue to shape the development of contemporary tourism (Lew, 2014), albeit from a global perspective. Geographically, the changing nature of tourism is anchored on the transforming relationships between demand and supply (Woosnam & Kim, 2014). Changes, whether historical or current, affect how residents and stakeholders perceive tourism and related impacts (Nyaupane, Lew & Tatsugawa, 2014). This special issue broadens the discussion around tourism in change, with a specific focus on Africa. Change in tourism is not a new phenomenon, not least for the region of sub-Saharan Africa. Nevertheless, events of recent decades intensified the changing characteristics of African tourism. Overall, the impress of globalization, better access to and high mobility of available capital developed transportation systems, social media and global marketing, the sharing economy, economic growth in new market areas, security measures, increasing need to regulate the growth of tourism due to climate change and biodiversity challenges, for example, have all contributed to the changing characteristics and processes of African tourism. The COVID-19 pandemic is the most recent potential driver of change in the tourism landscape and economy of Africa. From another perspective, tourism represents a change for African destinations and various stakeholders as many localities and regions try to use tourism as a vehicle for positive change in destination economies and communities. Indeed, for the past two decades several international organizations, policy-makers and governments – national and sub-national- have increasingly framed the tourism industry and its local and regional development connections as high-potential tools for sustainable development. Tourism in many cases, however, has become an agent of negative change and a tool for exacerbating inequalities and imposing negative environmental impacts for destination communities across Africa. The aim of this special issue is to investigate different aspects of tourism in change in sub-Saharan Africa – past and present. Using a range of both theoretical and applied perspectives this special issue seeks to analyze tourism in change within the specific development context of sub-Saharan Africa. Several themes can be explored, including, but not limited to:
- Turning points in African tourism; past and present
- Local economies and tourism in change
- Tourism resilience and recovery strategies
- Agritourism in change
- Heritage and heritage tourism in change
- Changing inner-city tourism
- Changing sport tourism
- Changing festival, events and MICE tourism
- Environmental change, including climate change
- Ecotourism and the community
- Reconceptualizing tourism planning and policy
- Rethinking domestic and regional tourism
- Diaspora tourism
- Change in resident perceptions of tourism development
- Revisiting historical research in tourism
- Business tourism in Africa
- Re-imagining visiting friends and relatives tourism
- Tourism and technology
- Tourism and pandemics
Expressions of interest/extended abstract of 500 words due: September 15, 2020. Email to email@example.com
Notification of acceptance of abstracts: 30th September 2020
Submission of full papers: before February 1, 2021. Online at https://tri.scholasticahq.com
Anticipated date of Publication: Towards the end of 2021
Aims & Scope
Tourism Review International (TRI) is a peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the advancement of scholarly and managerially oriented knowledge throughout all fields of tourism. In doing so, the journal’s content reflects a broad-based portfolio approach that includes: (1) General manuscripts, (2) Review articles that summarize the current state of knowledge on a specific area within tourism—these articles review, evaluate, and build theory/concept, and provide new directions to future research, (3) Invited articles and commentaries from thought leaders in the discipline, (4) Theme-based research published as special issues, (5) Short research notes that clarify concepts, theories, definitions, and/or methods, and (6) Book and software reviews. All manuscripts submitted to TRI are reviewed by recognized scholars using a double-blind procedure. Although the journal has an international focus, manuscripts need not be cross-cultural to be considered for publication. Instead, the primary criterion for publication is the extent to which the manuscript demonstrates a meaningful contribution to the literature in tourism and tourism-related activities. Authors are encouraged to contact the editor-in-chief through email if they have any questions.
In order to enable researchers to develop appropriate research papers, special issues are announced in advance. The quality of the papers will be assessed through a double-blind peer review process that will include acknowledged leaders in that particular thematic field.
Gyan Nyaupane, Ph.D.
Professor, School of Community Resources & Development
Arizona State University
411 N. Central Avenue, Ste 550
Phoenix, AZ 85004-0690
David Cárdenas, University of South Carolina, USA
Chun-Chu Chen, University of Idaho, USA
Shu Cole, Indiana University, USA
Larry Dwyer, University of New South Wales, Australia
Dogan Gursoy, Washington State University, USA
Kam Hung, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
Kiki Kaplanidou, University of Florida, USA
Brian King, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
Maximiliano Korstanje, University of Palermo, Argentina
Christian Laesser, University of St. Gallen, Switzerland
Woojin Lee, Arizona State University, USA
Chung-Hsien Lin, National Formosa University, Taiwan
Stephen W. Litvin, The College of Charleston, USA
Duarte B. Morais, North Carolina State University, USA
Cristian Morosan, University of Houston, USA
Stephen Page, University of Bournemouth, UK
Cody Paris, Middlesex University, United Arab Emirates
Girish Prayag, University of Canterbury, New Zealand
Chris Ryan, University of Waikato, New Zealand
Carla Santos, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Pauline Sheldon, University of Hawaii-Manoa, USA
Matthew Stone, California State University – Chico, USA
Moren Tibabo Stone, University of Botswana, Botswana
Arch Woodside, Boston College, USA
Kyle Woosnam, University of Georgia, USA
Yang Yang, Temple University, USA
Kathy Andereck, Arizona State University, USA
Kenneth Bartkus, Utah State University, USA
Frederic Dimanche, SKEMA Business School, France
Cathy Hsu, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
Xiang (Robert) Li, University of South Carolina, USA
Lori Pennington-Gray, University of Florida, USA
James F. Petrick, Texas A&M University, USA
Tourism Review International uses CrossRef Similarity Check and is sustained by Portico Preservation Services.
Manuscript submission: Authors should submit Word document manuscripts electronically via Scholastica at https://tri.scholasticahq.com
Follow the guidelines below to prepare the manuscript, figures, and tables.
General manuscript preparation: Manuscripts should be submitted as a Word document, double spaced, with all pages numbered. A cover page with the title only should be included because manuscripts are sent out for blind review. Include figures and tables at the end of the file or provide figures and tables in a separate file attachment. Do not incorporate the figures and tables within the manuscript text. Main and secondary headings should be clearly identifiable. The maximum word limit is 10,000 words.
Title page: This should contain the title, all author names and corresponding affiliation(s) for each author, which includes Department, Institution, City (State), Country. The corresponding author must be clearly designated and a complete mailing address and email address for the corresponding author must be included (phone and fax numbers are optional). A short title of approximately 40 characters (or less) should also be included.
ORCID iD: Authors may include their ORCID (Open Researcher and Contributor ID) number if they wish and a link and the iD number will be included in the final article.
Abstract and Key words: Provide an abstract of 200 to 250 words. It should contain an abbreviated representation of the content of the manuscript. Major results, conclusions, and/or recommendations should be given, followed by supporting details of method, scope, or purpose as appropriate. Do not cite references in the abstract. Supply 3 to 5 keywords suitable for indexing.
Text: Clearly indicate all main and subheadings. Follow the APA Publication Manual (7th edition) guidelines for citing references in the text (see below) and for the reference list. All figures and tables must be cited in the text in the order in which they appear (do not incorporate figures and tables within the body of the text). The file should be arranged as: title-only cover page, title page (with names and affiliations), abstract and key words, main body text, reference list, figure legends, tables, and figures (or provide figures and tables in a separate file).
References: The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order. Follow APA Publication Manual (7th edition) for text and reference list citations, per the examples below. Consult chapters 8 and 9 in the manual for complete text citations and reference list entries. [Note: always provide citation page number(s) in the text for quoted material from a printed source.] Include in the reference list only those cited in the text and ensure that all text citations have an entry in the reference list.
Text citations: (Gunn, 1990) or (Fesenmaier et al., 1994; Mazanec, 1992, 1993; Uysal & Gitelson, 1994) or (Crompton, 1979, p. 411) (for quoted material). Note that names are to be alphabetical within the parenthetical, NOT by date order.
Journal article: Payne, A. (2019). From old west to cosmopolitan: Changing narratives of Oklahoma City tourism guidebooks. Tourism Review International, 23(3–4), 149–164. https://doi.org/10.3727/154427219X15797285682546
Book: Goeldner, C., & Ritchie, B. (2011). Tourism: Principles, practices, philosophies (12th ed.). John Wiley & Sons.
Book chapter in edited book: Hall, C. M., & Jenkins, J. (2004). Tourism and public policy. In A. Lew, C. M. Hall, & A. Williams (Eds.), A companion to tourism (pp. 425–540). Blackwell.
Internet source: United Nations World Tourism Organization. (2017). Tourism highlights: 2017 edition. http://publications.unwto.org/publication/unwto-tourismhighlights-2017-edition-0
Please note that citations such as “personal communication” should be cited parenthetically in the text only. Do not include in the reference list.
Inclusive and Bias-Free Language: Authors should ensure that their manuscript is free from bias, conveys respect to all people, is sensitive to differences, and does not indicate cultural dominance or make cultural assumptions. Use appropriate and unbiased language descriptors regarding age, disability, gender, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, and other personal factors. Consult Chapter 5 of the 7th edition of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for bias-free language guidelines.
Use of Copyright Material: Authors must attest their manuscript contains original work and provide proof of permission to reproduce any content (artwork, photographs, tables etc.) in connection with their manuscript, also ensuring their work does not infringe on any copyright and that they have obtained permission for its use. It is important to note that any and all materials obtain via the Internet/social media (including but not limited to Face Book, Twitter, Instagram, etc.) falls under all copyright rules and regulations and permission for use must be obtained prior to publication.
Figures: All figures should be provided in .doc, .jpg, .tif, or .pdf format, at high resolution. Do not incorporate figures within the text of the manuscript. Figures should be prepared without color unless the figure is to be printed in color [note there is a charge for printing figures in color (see Author Options below)]. Avoid light shading that will not reproduce well. Labeling and figure detail must be large enough to be legible after reduction to fit page parameters. Each figure must be cited in the text and legends for all illustrations should be included at the end of the manuscript file. Do not incorporate the figure legend or figure number as part of the figure itself.
Tables: Table material should not duplicate the text. Include each table on a separate page at the end of the manuscript or as a separate file. Include a title for each table (do not incorporate tables within the text of the manuscript). Avoid overly wide or long tables that would not fit printed page parameters.
Copyright: Publications are copyrighted for the protection of authors and the publisher. A Transfer of Copyright Agreement will be sent to the corresponding author whose manuscript is accepted for publication. The form must becompleted and returned with the final manuscript files(s).
Online Fast Track Publication: Accepted manuscripts will be loaded to Fast Track with DOI links online. Fast Track is an early e-pub system whereby subscribers to the journal can start reading and citing the articles prior to their inclusion in a journal issue. Please note that articles published in Fast Track are not the final print publication with proofs. Once the accepted manuscript is ready to publish in an issue of the journal, the corresponding author will receive a proof from our Production Department for approval. Once approved and published, the Fast Track version of the manuscript is deleted and replaced with the final published article. Online Fast Track publication ensures that the accepted manuscripts can be read and cited as quickly as possible.
Author Options: Articles appearing in Tourism Review International are available to be open access and also contain color figures (neither is a condition for publication). Authors will be provided with an Author Option Form, which indicates the following options.
A voluntary submission fee of $125.00 includes one free page of color and a 50% discount on additional color pages (color is discounted to $100.00 per color page).
Open access is available for a fee of $200.00 for up to 15 pages and $50.00 for each additional page. Color would be discounted to $100.00 per color page.
If you choose to have your article be open access, an Open Access form will be sent with the amount due based on the number of pages at proof stage. The Open Access form will need to be completed and returned with payment information and any corrections to the proof prior to publication.
The use of color in articles is an important feature. Your article may contain figures that should be printed in color. There is a charge for figures appearing in color. Cost for color figure in an article $200.00 (if not paying Voluntary Submission Fee or Open Access Fee). A payment form will be provided with your proof if you take advantage of this option, which will need to be completed and returned with any corrections to the proof prior to publication.
Author Option Form: The Author Option form will be sent to the author whose manuscript is accepted. The form must be completed and returned with the final manuscript file(s) even if the answer is “No” to the options. This form serves as confirmation of your choice for the options.
Page Proofs: Page proofs will be sent electronically to the designated corresponding author prior to publication. Minor changes only are allowed at this stage. The designated corresponding author will receive one free copy of the issue in which the article is published and a free pdf file of the final press article will be sent by email.
Disclaimer: Although every effort is made by the publisher and editorial board to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinion, or statement appears in this Journal, they wish to make it clear that the data and opinions appearing in the articles and advertisements herein are the sole responsibility of the contributor or advertiser concerned. Accordingly, the publisher, the editorial board, editors, and their respective employees, officers, and agents accept no responsibility or liability whatsoever for the consequences of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion, or statement.
Tourism Review International (TRI) Peer Review Policy
Peer review is the evaluation of scientific, academic, or professional work by others working in the same field to ensure only good scientific research is published.
In order to maintain these standards, Tourism Review International (TRI) utilizes a double-blind review process whereby the identity of the reviewers and authors is not known to each other.
The peer review process for Tourism Review International is laid out below:
The paper is first checked to determine if it is formatted according to the TRI Guidelines for Authors. Further, the authors need to provide statements that the paper has not been published before, it is not presently under consideration for in any publication, and it will not be submitted elsewhere until TRI has completed its review process.
The paper is then reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief (EIC) for the content. If the paper does not meet the minimum quality standard, it is desk rejected. Papers that meet the minimum quality standard are sent out to reviewers.
The EIC selects at least two reviewers who have expertise within the topic. Typically, reviewers are given three to four weeks to review the papers and provide feedback.
Once the comments are received from reviewers, the EIC assesses the merit of the paper and makes a decision to accept, revise and resubmit, or reject. In case of special issue papers, the special issue editors do the initial screening, invite reviewers, and make decisions. Usually authors receive the initial review within two months of submission.
As a reviewer for Tourism Review International you can take advantage of the following incentive:
If you review three papers for one of the Cognizant journals (Tourism Review International, Tourism Analysis, Event Management, Tourism Culture and Communication, Tourism in Marine Environments, and Gastronomy and Tourism) within a one-year period, you will qualify for a free OPEN ACCESS article in one of the above journals.
If you are interested in becoming a reviewer for TRI, please contact the EIC Professor Gyan P. Nyaupane, Arizona State University, USA at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The publishers and editorial board of Tourism Review International have adopted the publication ethics and malpractice statements of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) https://publicationethics.org/core-practices. These guidelines highlight what is expected of authors and what they can expect from the reviewers and editorial board in return. They also provide details of how problems will be handled. Briefly:
Tourism Review International is governed by an international editorial board consisting of experts dedicated to the advancement of scholarly and managerially-oriented knowledge throughout all fields of tourism. In doing so, the journal’s content reflects a broad-based portfolio approach that includes: (1) Theme-based research, (2) General research, (3) Literature reviews (all types), (4) Invited essays and commentaries from thought leaders in the discipline, (5) Research notes that clarify concepts, theories, definitions, and/or methods, (6) Book and software reviews, and (7) Technical reports from distinguished research groups. Information regarding the editorial board members is listed on the inside front cover of the printed copy of the journal in addition to the homepage for the journal at: https://www.cognizantcommunication.com/journal-titles/tourism-review-international under the “Editorial Board” tab.
This editorial board conducts most of the manuscript reviews and plays a large role in setting the standards for research and publication in the field. The Editor-in-Chief receives and processes all manuscripts and from time to time will modify the editorial board to ensure a continuous improvement in quality.
The reviewers uphold a peer review process without favoritism or prejudice to gender, sexual orientation, religious/political beliefs, nationality, or geographical origin. Each submission is given equal consideration for acceptance based only on the manuscript’s importance, originality, academic integrity, and clarity and whether it is suitable for the journal in accordance with the Aims and Scope of the journal. They must not have a conflict of interest with the author(s) or work described. The anonymity of the reviewers must be maintained.
All manuscripts are sent out for blind review and the editor/editorial board will maintain the confidentiality of author(s) and their submitted research and supporting documentation, figures, and tables and all aspects pertaining to each submission.
Reviewers are expected to not possess any conflicts of interest with the authors. They should review the manuscript objectively and provide recommendations for improvements where necessary. Any unpublished information read by a reviewer should be treated as confidential.
Manuscripts must contain original material and must not have been published previously. Material accepted for publication may not be published elsewhere without the consent of the publisher. All rights and permissions must be obtained by the contributor(s) and should be sent upon acceptance of manuscripts for publication.
References, acknowledgments, figure legends, and tables must be properly cited and authors must attest their manuscript contains original work and provide proof of permission to reproduce any content (artwork, photographs, tables, etc.) in connection with their manuscript, also ensuring their work does not infringe on any copyright and that they have obtained permission for its use. It is important to note that any and all materials obtain via the Internet/social media (including but not limited to Face Book, Twitter, Instagram, etc.) falls under all copyright rules and regulations and permission for use must be obtained prior to publication.
Authors listed on a manuscript must have made a significant contribution to the study and/or writing of the manuscript. During revisions, authors cannot be removed without their permission and that of all other authors. All authors must also agree to the addition of new authors. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that this occurs.
Financial support and conflicts of interest for all authors must be declared.
The reported research must be novel and authentic and the author(s) should confirm that the same data has not been and is not going to be submitted to another journal (unless already rejected). Plagiarism of the text/data will not be tolerated and could result in retraction of an accepted article.
When humans, animals, or tissue derived from them have been used, then mention of the appropriate ethical approval must be included in the manuscript.
The publishers agree to ensure, to the best of their abilities, that the information they publish is genuine and ethically sound. If publishing ethics issues come to light, not limited to accusations of fraudulent data or plagiarism, during or after the publication process, they will be investigated by the editorial board including contact with the authors’ institutions if necessary, so that a decision on the appropriate corrections, clarifications, or retractions can be made. The publishers agree to publish this as necessary so as to maintain the integrity of the academic record.
Table of Contents:
Volume 25, Number 4
Tourism Microentrepreneurship: State of the Art and Research Agenda – 279
Birendra KC,*† Chantell Lapan,‡ Bruno Ferreira,§ and Duarte B. Morais¶
*Department of Hospitality and Tourism Management, University of North Texas, Denton, TX, USA
†Department of Geography, Environmental Management and Energy Studies, University of Johannesburg, Auckland Park, South Africa
‡Department of Marketing, Entrepreneurship, Hospitality & Tourism, University of North Carolina Greensboro, Greensboro, NC, USA
§School of Community Resources & Development, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA
¶Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
Microentrepreneurship has always been an important driving force of the tourism industry. However, until recently, this sector was mostly invisible and understudied. Microentrepreneurs are now becoming influential stakeholders due to new information technologies that make their offerings easily accessible to a broader clientele and render their economic activity more transparent and taxable. There is a growing consensus that tourism microentrepreneurs can make destinations more competitive and equitable. Accordingly, there has been a surge of scholarship on tourism microentrepreneurship to inform strategies and policies to fuel microentrepreneurial development and its integration with the formal tourism sector. The purpose of this conceptual article is threefold: first, to discuss the definition of tourism microentrepreneurship and commonly used theoretical conceptualizations, as well as the evolution of research on tourism microentrepreneurship; second, to identify research gaps in the existing literature and propose avenues for future research; third, to serve as an introduction to a Special Section on Tourism Microentrepreneurship. In addition, we offer a set of practical recommendations for destination managers and supporting organizations to develop and nurture networks of microentrepreneurs, and to identify suitable and rewarding microentrepreneurial opportunities in the tourism business ecosystem.
Key words: Microentrepreneurship; Livelihoods; Technology; Destination competitiveness; Destination stewardship
Tourism Microentrepreneurship and Land Stewardship in a Tz’utujil Mayan Coffee Community – 293
Deidre M. Peroff,*† Duarte B. Morais,†‡ Tim Wallace,† and Erin Sills†
*University of Wisconsin Sea Grant Institute, Milwaukee, WI, USA
†North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, USA
‡University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
This study examines how livelihood diversification through tourism microentrepreneurship may shape land stewardship among Mayan coffee farmers in Guatemala. Through a primarily qualitative approach assessing ecoliteracy and motivations towards environmental behaviors, data were collected among participants self-identifying as small-scale shade-grown coffee farmers involved in tourism microentrepreneurship in the community of San Juan la Laguna in Lake Atitlán, Guatemala. We found that, when facilitated through cooperatives, tourism microentrepreneurship and coffee farming jointly contributed to land stewardship and provided an opportunity for indigenous farmers to foster traditional relationships with the land.
Key words: Proenvironmental behavior; Ecotourism; Self-determination; Traditional ecological knowledge; Ecological literacy
Microentrepreneurship in Himalayan Region: Drafting Heritage Sustenance Through Stakeholders Perception – 311
Sandeep Walia,* Aruditya Jasrotia,† Parvinder Kour,* and Pooja Choudhary*
*School of Hotel Management & Tourism, Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar, Punjab, India
†Amity Institute of Travel and Tourism, Amity University, Noida, UP, India
The debate pertaining to poverty alleviation and increased employment opportunities for tourism microentrepreneurship has recently emerged as an area of investigation in the spheres of academic research. The role of tourism microentrepreneurship in strengthening rural communities has been researched by various tourism researchers and practitioners across the globe in the last few decades. The present study is aimed towards finding out the stakeholder’s perception towards microentrepreneurship as a tool for conserving cultural, natural, and built heritage, particularly in the state of Himachal Pradesh, India. To achieve the objectives of this study, a qualitative method has been adopted. The proposed method to investigate stakeholder perception is based on a two-step procedure. The first step identifies the sustainable practices available in the targeted area, and in the second stage current entrepreneurial practices among the microentrepreneurs are investigated through interviews with the respondents to determine the accountability of those practices with sustainable heritage development in the study area. The findings of the study reflect that there is a gap between the microentrepreneurship practices and the sustainable development in the study area. There is also a lack of policies and support from the side of governing bodies. Hence, the study puts forward the fact that despite several challenges, sustainable microentrepreneurship can offer a potential solution to poverty alleviation in the Himalayan region of India. The economic benefits of sustainable micro-entrepreneurship are compelling, and its potential effects on the improvement of the overall lifestyle of stakeholders are equally promising.
Key words: Microentrepreneurship; Poverty alleviation; Sustainable practices; Stakeholders’ perception
Contributions of the Cruise Tourism Servicescape to Perceived Value, Delight, and Expenditure: National Identity as a Moderator – 325
Abuelkassem A. A. Mohammad
Hotel Management Department, Faculty of Tourism and Hotels, Minia University, Menia City, Egypt
Servicescape represents a main aspect of cruise tourism as space is confined and guests stay onboard for a long time. This study sets out to examine: first, the direct effects of cruise servicescape on cruise perceived value, guest delight, and guest in-house expenditure; second, the mediation effects of both cruise perceived value and guest delight in the linkages between cruise servicescape and guest in-house expenditure; third, the moderation effects of national identity on the linkages between cruise servicescape and both perceived value and guest delight. A questionnaire survey was developed and administered among guests of cruise tourism. The study utilized PLS-SEM to examine the hypothesized model based on collected data from 218 cruise guests. The findings indicated a significant positive influence of cruise servicescape on perceived value, delight, and expenditure. Guest delight significantly mediated the association between servicescape and guest expenditure while perceived value did not. National identity has positively moderated the linkage between servicescape and guest delight but not the association between servicescape and perceived value. The findings of this study add to the hospitality literature, and its implications enable cruise managers to better use servicescape as a key stimulator for guest delight and expenditure.
Key words: Cruise tourism; Servicescape; Perceived value; Guest delight; Guest expenditure; National identity
Economics of Experiential Consumption in a Rural Heritage Destination – 339
Eunhye Grace Kim,* Deepak Chhabra,† and Dallen J. Timothy†‡§
*Tourism and Hospitality Studies, Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT, USA
†School of Community Resources & Development, Arizona State University, Phoenix, AZ, USA
‡College of Tourism, Hunan Normal University, Changsha, China
§School of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, South Africa
As markets evolve in the era of the experience economy, experiences have become more meaningful and are an essential part of tourism. Several studies have found that higher expenditures are a positive outcome of a successful and satisfying tourism experience. The purpose of this study is to examine the economic potential of staged experiential offerings in a rural community: Wickenburg, Arizona, a typical western mining and ranching heritage community with a thriving tourism economy. A content analysis of the community’s official tourism website and attraction websites, and an onsite survey of visitors are the primary data sources. The results indicate that somewhat moderate demand exists for experiential consumption. They also reiterate the crossover significance of emotional and cognitive attributes and support the cognitive theory of emotions. This study contributes to the existing body of knowledge and suggests that emotional and cognitive aspects of experiential consumption should be considered simultaneously for their economic value.
Key words: Experiential consumption; Experiential marketing; Rural heritage tourism; Spending propensity
Tourism as an Agent of Cannabis Normalization: Perspectives From Canada – 353
Susan Dupej* and Sanjay K. Nepal †
*School of Hospitality, Food and Tourism Management, University of Guelph, Guelph, Canada
†Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Canada
The 2018 legalization of cannabis in Canada provides an opportunity within a federally legalized context to offer recreational and leisure experiences that incorporate the purchase, consumption, production, and education of cannabis. The establishment of cannabis tourism as a tolerated and increasingly widespread and socially significant practice under the frameworks of legalization and normalization challenges its association with deviance in the tourism literature. The purpose of this article to rethink cannabis tourism as an agent of normalization. In adopting cannabis as a resource, the tourism industry sets standards that become embedded in a broader context of social acceptance. Evidence from a study that documents cannabis tourism in Canada in the first few years following legalization is used to illustrate how tourism suppliers have adopted cannabis as a resource. This article contributes a qualitative assessment of normalization to the literature through an examination of both a database of cannabis tourism-related businesses and the narratives of suppliers in the cannabis tourism industry. Tourism is conceptualized as an agent of normalization by illustrating how it facilitates the accessibility and availability, everyday prevalence, increased tolerance, and social and cultural accommodation of cannabis.
Key words: Cannabis tourism; Drug tourism; Normalization; Canada; Nondeviant consumption
How Does Face Culture Influence Chinese Gen Y’s Outbound Travel Intention? Examining the Moderating Role of Face Gaining – 371
Fei Long,* Norzalita Abd Aziz,* and Abdul Hafaz Ngah†
*UKM-Graduate School of Business, The National University of Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia
†School of Maritime Business and Management, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
Face is an indigenous cultural concept deeply rooted in Chinese society. It is believed that face plays a profound role in influencing Chinese people’s social behaviors, but little research has been conducted to investigate its impacts in relation to outbound travel behaviors among Chinese Gen Y tourists. This study collected 350 usable responses via online self-administered surveys, and examined the moderating effect of face gaining in the theory of reasoned action (TRA) model. Contrary to the extant literature, the present research indicates a negative moderating effect of face gaining on the positive relationship between attitude and outbound travel intention in a Chinese context. Through analysis and discussion, some theoretical and managerial implications are presented, which facilitates our understanding of face culture and Chinese Gen Y tourists. Additionally, limitations and future research directions are provided.
Key words: Chinese tourists; Outbound travel intention; Gen Y; Face; Theory of reasoned action (TRA)
Understanding Chinese Independent Travel Market to South Korea: A Segmentation Approach – 385
Sung-Eun Kim,* Zhenxian (Zoey) Piao,† Hyelin (Lina) Kim,* And Zihui Ma*a
*William F. Harrah College of Hospitality, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV, USA
†Assistant Supervisor, SPC F&B, Shanghai, China
The rapid growth of the Chinese travel market has gained attention in the tourism industry. However, very few studies have been conducted to examine travel constraints that prevent Chinese outbound travelers from going somewhere quite accessible to their major destination from a multidestination perspective. Drawing upon the leisure constraint model (LCM), this study explored Chinese independent tourists’ perceived travel constraints in selecting second-tier destinations in their destination choice and analyzed the market segments. A self-administered survey was collected from 393 Chinese travelers who did not visit Gyeonggi Province close to Seoul during their travels in South Korea. Based on the findings, four distinct groups were formed. The findings provide important insights into destinations that desire to attract more Chinese independent travelers.
Key words: Travel constraints; Market segmentation; Factor–cluster method; Chinese independent travelers; Gyeonggi Province
Evaluating Students’ Behavioral Intentions Towards Ecotourism: An Extended Theory of Planned Behavior Perspective – 403
H. M. Kamrul Hassan, Saikat Das, and Mohammed Shahedul Quader
Department of Marketing, University of Chittagong, Chattogram, Bangladesh
From an environmental standpoint, ecotourism has been drawn to attention by diverse communities all around the world. This empirical study aims to evaluate the behavioral intention of students by adopting an extended theory of planned behavior model by incorporating environmental concern and environmental knowledge from a developing country perspective. To get realistic output, structural equation modeling has been incorporated for systematic statistical analysis through using SMARTPLS 3.0, where data have been collected from 393 university students through a survey method. From an ecotourism point of view, a number of findings have been revealed in this study, such as students’ attitude and perceived behavioral control have significant positive impacts on the behavioral intention towards ecotourism; results further proponed that environmental concerns have a significant effect on attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intention towards ecotourism, environmental knowledge had no significant effect on the behavioral intention towards ecotourism. Finally, it had a positive impact on attitude towards ecotourism, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control. On the basis of constructive analysis, theoretical and practical implications are depicted in the form of a contribution of knowledge, which will add value to the decision-making process of various stakeholders.
Key words: Ecotourism; Theory of planned behavior; Environmental concern; Environmental knowledge; Structural equation modeling
Mind the Gap: Examining the Gap in International Passenger Expectations and Perceptions of Service Quality in Low-Cost Carriers – 419
Jacinta Dsilva,* Sreejith Balasubramanian,† and Cody Morris Paris†‡
*University of Balamand Dubai, United Arab Emirates
†Middlesex University Dubai, United Arab Emirates
‡School of Tourism and Hospitality, University of Johannesburg, Johannesburg, South Africa
Meeting or exceeding passengers’ service quality expectations has become a critical factor for low-cost carriers (LCC). Still, only limited efforts have been made to date to investigate the differences (gap) in LCC passengers’ expectations and perceptions. A comprehensive 25-item SERVQUAL framework for LCC was first developed through an extensive literature review and insights obtained from exploratory interviews and focus groups with passengers and industry experts. Using survey data of LCC passengers, the validity and reliability of the framework were first established, and then the differences in the expectations and perceptions were understood. The results indicate that none of the service quality attributes of LCCs have met, let alone exceeded, expectations, and the most significant gaps were found for “reliability” and “responsiveness” dimensions. With the growing global demand for budget travel and new LCCs entering the market, the study provides timely insights for LCCs to narrow the expectation–perception gap and achieve competitive advantage.
Key words: Budget airlines; Gap analysis; Confirmatory factor analysis; Customer satisfaction; Service sector
Volume 25 Subject and Author Index – 427
Full text articles available: CLICK HERE
Back issues of this journal are available online. Order Here
Tourism Review International is indexed in:
CAB INTERNATIONAL (CABI)
CAMBRIDGE SCIENTIFIC ABSTRACTS
EBSCO DISCOVERY SERVICE-EDS
EMERGING SOURCES CITATION INDEX
OXFORD BROOKES UNIVERSITY
WHATT – SOUTHERN CROSS UNIVERSITY
WORLDCAT DISCOVERY SERVICES
Advertisement: Tourism Review International will accept advertisements. All advertisements are subject to approval by the Editor-in-Chief. For details and rates contact the Publisher.
Copyright Notice: It is a condition of publication that manuscripts submitted to this Journal have not been published and will not be simultaneously submitted or published elsewhere. By submitting a manuscript, the authors agree that the copyright for the article is transferred to the publisher, if and when the article is accepted for publication. The copyright covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article, including reprints, photographic reproductions, microform, or any other reproductions of similar nature and translations. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, electrostatic, magnetic tape, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without permission in writing from the copyright holder.
Photocopying information for users in the USA: The Item Fee Code for this publication indicates that authorization to photocopy items for internal or personal use is granted by the copyright holder for libraries and other users registered with the Copyright Clearance Center (CCC) Transactional Reporting Service provided the stated fee for copying beyond that permitted by Section 107 or 108 of the United States Copyright Law is paid. The appropriate remittance of $60.00 per copy per article is paid directly to the Copyright Clearance Center Inc., 222 Rosewood Drive, Danvers, MA 01923. The copyright owner’s consent does not extend to copying for general distribution, for promotion, for creating new works, or for resale. Specific written permission must be obtained from the publisher for such copying. In case of doubt, please contact Cognizant Communication Corporation.
The Item Fee Code for this publication is 1544-2721/10 $60.00
Copyright © 2021 Cognizant, LLC
Updated as of December 2020
Number of submissions: 144
Number of reviews requested: Average 3
Number of reviews received: Average 2
Approval rate: 27%
Average time between submission and publication: 6 months