Chapter 1. Tourism and Small Entrepreneurs in Developing Countries: A Theoretical Perspective Heidi Dahles
Tourism and Development
The Dual Economy
About This Book
Chapter 2. Small Businesses in the Indonesian Tourism Industry: Entrepreneurship or Employment? Heidi Dahles
Tourism Development and Government Policy in Indonesia
Small and Petty Entrepreneurs in the Indonesian Industry
Small Entrepreneurs in Tourism
Chapter 3. Massage, Miss? Women Entrepreneurs and Beach Tourism in Bali Karin Bras and Heidi Dahles
Tourism in Sanur
Upgrading Sanur Beach
Sanur Beach Business
The Politics of Gender
Chapter 4. Homestays, Losmen, and Guesthouses: Doing Business in the Low-Budget Accommodation Sector in Kuta and Ubud, Bali Eveline van der Giessen, Marie-Chantal van Loo, and Karin Bras
Government Regulations in the Hotel Sector
Kuta – “the Least Balinese Place in Bali”
Ubud: Living up to Its Cultural Image
Small Entrepreneurs in the Accommodation Sector
Chapter 5. Gili Trawangan: Local Entrepreneurship in Tourism Under Pressure Theo Kamsma and Karin Bras
Lombok, a New Tourist Destination
Conclusions and Future Scenario for Gili Trawangan
Chapter 6. A Home Away From Home? The Production and Consumption of Budget Accommodations in Two Tourist Areas in the City of Yogyakarta Saskia Peeters, Jolanda Urru, and Heidi Dahles
Tourism in Yogyakarta
The Accommodation Sector in Yogyakarta
Homestays in Sosrowijayan and Prawirotaman: A Comparison
The Homestay Tourist
Marketing the Homestay
Chapter 7. Tukang Becak: The Pedicab Men of Yogyakarta Hanneke van Gemert, Esther van Genugten, and Heidi Dahles
Becak in Yogyakarta
The Daily Life of Becak Drivers
Networks and Organizations
Chapter 8. Mountain Guides in Lombok: Pathfinders up Gunung Rinjani Karin ter Steege, Sandra Stam, and Karin Bras
Local Guides: Pathfinders or Small Entrepreneurs?
The Rinjani Area and Senaru
Local Mountain Guides
Guiding in Lombok
Chapter 9. Pathfinder, Gigolo and Friend: Diverging Entrepreneurial Strategies of Tourist Guides on Two Indonesian Islands Karin Bras and Heidi Dahles
Small-Scale Entrepreneurs in Tourism
Romancing the Tourist
The following excerpts are from a book review by Dimitrios Buhalis, University of Surrey, appearing in Information Technology & Tourism, Vol. 3(2), 2000, pp. 129-130:
Tourism & Small Entrepreneurs, Development, National Policy, and Entrepreneurial Culture: Indonesian Cases. Heidi Dahles and Karin Bras (Eds.). Cognizant Communication Corp., New York, NY, 1999. No. of pages: 165. $30.00.
A collection of fascinating cases on Indonesian entrepreneurs in Bali, Lombock, and Yogyakarta provides a very interesting account on the informal tourism sector of the country. The essays are contributed by lecturers and students of Tilburg University (The Netherlands) who spent a considerable amount of time researching at the destination. Although the book is rooted on entrepreneurship and small and medium-sized tourism enterprises, it is remarkable that it covers a whole range of tourism policy and planning issues for the destination and a wider context for the particular study. Small enterprises cover the accommodation sector (losman, homestays, wigma); tour and travel agencies; transport (minibuses and private cars); restaurants (warungs and street cafes); souvenir business; rental companies (bikes, beach umbrellas, diving, snorkeling and fishing equipment); and beauty services (massage, manicure, hairstylists makeup). On top of these “respectable” professions and businesses the book refers to a large number of illicit and illegal businesses such as escort services, brothels, gambling halls, and drug dealing.
As stated in the literature about the book, the main audiences are undergraduate and graduate students, scholars, and researchers in leisure and tourism studies, economic anthropology, and Asian studies.
Dahlas and Bras also cover three important recent advances in the field of tourism: 1. The debate on sustainable development and issues of local participation and local employment in tourism. 2. The debate on tourism policies and the role of national states against a background of globalization. 3. The emerging debate on the role of micro-entrepreneurs, self-employed people, and/or the informal sector in tourism.
Although chapters are contributed by individual postgraduate students and researchers a fairly consistent style prevails, giving credit to the editors. However, the absence of a concluding chapter fails to synthesize the material and draw similarities and differences with other destinations. The book is about the informal tourism sector in Indonesia rather than entrepreneurship as emphasized by the title, but it will be nevertheless extremely useful to business, tourism, sociology, and anthropology students and researchers who need to appreciate the practices of SMTEs in Indonesia. In this sense it is thoroughly recommended.
Robert N. Miranda, Publisher/Chairman Lori H. Miranda, President/COO